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Definition of Inductive reasoning
The attempt to use information about a specific situation to draw a conclusion.
The use of general fact to provide accurate information about a specific situation.
the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning $1 of cash flow.
a generalization formula invented by Abrams that is the present value of regular but noncontiguous cash flows that have constant growth to perpetuity.
The pool factor implied by the scheduled amortization assuming no prepayemts.
Present value of $1 paid for each of t periods.
information that is known to some people but not to other people.
A collection of 32 regional electronic interbank networks used to
Brokerage firms that help to find potential buyers or sellers of large block trades.
A computerized clearing system for sterling funds
An international wire transfer system for high-value
An adjunct to a futures exchange through which transactions executed its floor are settled by a
A firm which buys and sells future contracts for customer accounts. Related: futures
Related: Unsystematic risk
Rules set by the Chicago Board of Trade for determining the invoice price of each
Level of political and economic uncertainty in a country affecting the value of loans or
Existing in actual fact although not by official recognition.
Present value of $1 received at a stated future date.
Expected value of perfect information
The expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known
A financial institution that buys a firm's accounts receivables and collects the debt.
A statistical procedure that seeks to explain a certain phenomenon, such as the return on a
A way of decomposing the factors that influence a security's rate of return into common and
A well-diversified portfolio constructed to have a beta of 1.0 on one factor and a beta of
Sale of a firm's accounts receivable to a financial institution known as a factor.
Warehouse rented by a warehouse company on another firm's premises.
See:diversifiable risk or unsystematic risk.
General cash offer
A public offering made to investors at large.
General obligation bonds
Municipal securities secured by the issuer's pledge of its full faith, credit, and
A partner who has unlimited liability for the obligations of the partnership.
A partnership in which all partners are general partners.
Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (GAAP)
A technical accounting term that encompasses the
A clause in a contract providing for increases or decreases in inflation based on
A situation involving information that is known to some, but not all, participants.
Information Coefficient (IC)
The correlation between predicted and actual stock returns, sometimes used to
Transaction costs that include the assessment of the investment merits of a financial asset.
Organizations that furnish investment and other types of information, such as
The rise in the stock price following the dividend signal.
The speed and accuracy with which prices reflect new information.
Trades that are the result of either a reallocation of wealth or an implementation of an
Trades in which an investor believes he or she possesses pertinent
Relevant information about a company that has not yet been made public. It is illegal for
In-house processing float
Refers to the time it takes the receiver of a check to process the payment and
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
Manufactured housing securities (MHSs)
Loans on manufactured homes - that is, factory-built or
factoring arrangement that provides collection and insurance of accounts receivable.
Such a clause on a Euro loan permits the borrower to switch from one currency to
A version of the capital asset pricing model derived by Merton that includes extramarket
Negative pledge clause
A bond covenant that requires the borrower to grant lenders a lien equivalent to any
Negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW)
Demand deposits that pay interest.
Net benefit to leverage factor
A linear approximation of a factor, T*, that enables one to operationalize the
factoring arrangement that provides collection, insurance, and finance for accounts receivable.
A special case of the arbitrage pricing theory that is derived from the one-factor model by
The outstanding principal balance divided by the original principal balance with the result
Present value factor
factor used to calculate an estimate of the present value of an amount to be received in
Warehouse operated by an independent warehouse company on its own premises.
The pool factor as reported by the bond buyer for a given amortization period.
Single factor model
A model of security returns that acknowledges only one common factor.
Special drawing rights (SDR)
A form of international reserve assets, created by the IMF in 1967, whose
Specific issues market
The market in which dealers reverse in securities they wish to short.
A provision in a bond indenture that restricts the issuer's future borrowing by
A firm which deals in actual commodities.
Black's zero-beta version of the capital asset pricing model.
Evidence that a firm owns goods stored in a warehouse.
A firm operating a private wire to its own branch offices or to other firms, commission houses or
The ability to establish automatic periodic mutual fund redemptions and have proceeds
What was spent to run the non-sales and non-manufacturing part of a company, such as office salaries and interest paid on loans.
SPECIFIC INVOICE PRICES
An inventory valuation method in which a company values the items in its ending inventory based
Cost of manufacture
The cost of goods manufactured for subsequent sale.
The production resource that, as a result of scarce resources, limits the production of goods
A book that contains all the accounts of the company and the balances of those accounts.
A method of accounting for inventory.
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)
This important term
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
See asset-specific risk
a listing of service departments in an order that begins with the one providing the most service
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)
the use of computers to control production processes through numerically
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
an external party that has been granted an outsourcing contract to produce a part or component for an entity
cost of goods manufactured (CGM)
the total cost of the
critical success factors (CSF)
any item (such as quality, customer
design for manufacturability (DFM)
a process that is part of the project management of a new product; concerned with finding optimal solutions to minimizing product failures
flexible manufacturing system (FMS)
a production system in which a single factory manufactures numerous variations
on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) a treaty
bits of knowledge or fact that have been carefully
just-in-time manufacturing system
a production system that attempts to acquire components and produce inventory only as needed, to minimize product defects, and to
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
a company engaged in a high degree of conversion
a linear or U-shaped production grouping of workers or machines
manufacturing cycle efficiency (MCE)
a ratio resulting from dividing the actual production time by total lead time;
manufacturing resource planning (MRP II)
a fully integrated materials requirement planning system that involves
The sale of accounts receivable to a third party, with the third party bearing
All the costs incurred during the manufacturing process, minus the
The master set of accounts that summarizes all transactions occurring
Generally accepted accounting principles
The rules that accountants follow when processing accounting transactions and creating financial reports. The rules are primarily
The term for several manufacturing innovations that
Manufacturing resource planning (MRP II)
An expansion of the material requirements planning concept, with additional computer-based capabilities in the areas of
The estimated life span of a fixed asset, during which it can be expected to
Present value of an annuity of $1 per period.
Present value of a $1 future payment.
general cash offer
Sale of securities open to all investors by an already-public company.
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)
Procedures for preparing financial statements.
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