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Definition of Asymmetric information
information that is known to some people but not to other people.
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
A situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates.
Expected value of perfect information
The expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known
A situation involving information that is known to some, but not all, participants.
Information Coefficient (IC)
The correlation between predicted and actual stock returns, sometimes used to
Transaction costs that include the assessment of the investment merits of a financial asset.
Organizations that furnish investment and other types of information, such as
The rise in the stock price following the dividend signal.
The speed and accuracy with which prices reflect new information.
Trades that are the result of either a reallocation of wealth or an implementation of an
Trades in which an investor believes he or she possesses pertinent
Relevant information about a company that has not yet been made public. It is illegal for
bits of knowledge or fact that have been carefully
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
information content of dividends
Dividend increases send good news about cash flow and earnings. Dividend cuts send bad news.
Medical Information Bureau
This organization was established in 1902. The Medical information Bureau (M.I.B.) is a non-profit association of life insurance companies. Its purpose is to detect and deter fraud by providing warnings called, alerts, to member companies. For example, if an insurance applicant advised one insurance company of a heart attack and then applied to another insurance company omitting this history, codes, reported by the first insurance company, indicating a heart attack would alert the second insurance company to the undisclosed history. It is a rarity, however, that the alert is the only notice of a specific medical impairement as most applicants completely disclose their history.
Future-Oriented Financial Information
information about prospective results of operations, financial position and/or changes in financial position, based on assumptions about future economic conditions and courses of action. Future-oriented financial information is presented as either a forecast or a projection.
Approach to the determination of the optimal capital structure asserting that insiders in a
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