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Definition of EDGAR
The Securities & Exchange Commission uses Electronic Data Gathering and Retrieval to transmit
Annual report required by the SEC each year. Provides a comprehensive overview of a company's state
Cumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders'
hours, machine hours or volume of production
The SECond-largest stock Exchange in the United States. It trades
Bond or note SECured by assets of company.
A SECurity that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
A racking system using automated systems
A debt or equity SECurity not classified as a held-to-maturity SECurity or a trading SECurity. Can be classified as a current or noncurrent investment depending on the intended holding period.
The beta of a stock is determined as follows:
General term for a document demanding payment.
Large and creditworthy company.
The Treasury and federal agencies are moving to a book-entry system in which SECurities are not represented by engraved pieces of paper but are maintained in computerized records at the
A not-for-profit corporation owned by its members. Its primary
The fee paid to a broker to execute a trade, based on number of shares, bonds, options, and/or
A broker on the floor of an Exchange acts as agent for a particular brokerage house and
A firm which buys and sells future contracts for customer accounts. Related: futures
Commodities Exchange Center (CEC)
The location of five New York futures Exchanges: Commodity
Common stock/other equity
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
Assets acquired to create money. May include plant, machinery and equipment, shares of another company etc.
company cost of capital
Expected rate of return demanded by investors in a company, determined by the average risk of the company’s assets and operations.
Related: Unsystematic risk
See asset-specific risk
Inventories owned by a company, but located on the premises
A merchant banking subsidiary set up by several banKs that may or may not be of the
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be Exchanged, at the
A SECurity that can be converted into common stock at the option of the SECurity holder,
Cost company arrangement
Arrangement whereby the shareholders of a project receive output free of
A statistical methodology applied to a set of firms at a particular point in time.
A benchmark that is designed to meet a client's requirements and long-term
bits of knowledge or facts that have not been summarized
a form of analysis in which statistical techniques
IOUs created through loan-type transactions - commercial paper, bank CDs, bills, bonds, and
A SECurity representing a debt relationship with an enterprise, including a government
The informal and frequently unauthorized retention of excess inventory on the shop floor, which is used as buffer safety stock.
Depository Trust Company (DTC)
DTC is a user-owned SECurities depository which accepts deposits of
A financial SECurity, such as an option, or future, whose value is derived in part from the
Non-interest-bearing money market instruments that are issued at a discount and
Dividend yield (Stocks)
Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price.
e-commerce (electronic commerce)
any business activity that uses the Internet and World Wide Web to engage in financial transactions
Effective Exchange Rate
The weighted average of several Exchange rates, where the weights are determined by the extent of our trade done with each country.
EFT (electronic funds transfer)
Funds which are Electronically credited to your account (e.g. direct deposit), or Electronically debited from your account on an ongoing basis (e.g. a pre-authorized monthly bill payment, or a monthly loan or mortgage payment). A wire transfer is a form of EFT.
Electronic data interchange (EDI)
The Exchange of information Electronically, directly from one firm's
electronic data interchange (EDI)
the computer-to-computer transfer of information in virtual real time using standardized formats developed by the American National Standards Institute
Electronic depository transfers
The transfer of funds between bank accounts through the Automated
Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)
An Electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA)
A federal Act that sets minimum operational and funding standards for employee benefit
Equation of Exchange
The quantity theory equation Mv = PQ.
An ownership interest in an enterprise, including preferred and common stock.
The marketplace in which shares, options and futures on stocKs, bonds, commodities and indices
Governmental restrictions on the purchase of foreign currencies by domestic citizens or
Exchange of assets
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its assets in Exchange for cash or stock.
Exchange of stock
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its stock in Exchange for cash or shares.
An offer by the firm to give one SECurity, such as a bond or preferred stock, in Exchange for
The price of one country's currency expressed in another country's currency.
Amount of one currency needed to purchase one unit of another.
Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM)
The methodology by which members of the EMS maintain their
Exchange Rate, Nominal
The price of one currency in terms of another, in this book defined as number of units of foreign currency per dollar.
Exchange Rate, Real
The nominal Exchange rate corrected for price level differences.
Exchange rate risk
Also called currency risk, the risk of an investment's value changing because of currency
The variability of a firm's value that results from unexpected Exchange rate changes or the
SECurity that grants the SECurity holder the right to Exchange the SECurity for the
Instruments exempt from the registration requirements of the SECurities Act of 1933 or the
expectations theory of exchange rates
Theory that expected spot Exchange rate equals the forward rate.
Federal agency securities
SECurities issued by corporations and agencies created by the U.S. government,
Federal Home Loan Banks
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
Federal Reserve Banks
The twelve district banKs in the Federal Reserve System.
company engaged in making loans to individuals or businesses. Unlike a bank, it does not receive deposits from the public.
financial reports and statements
Financial means having to do with
Financial reports or statements
The Profit and Loss account, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow statement of a business.
A nonnegotiable debt SECurity that can be redeemed at some fixed price or according to
A country's decision to tie the value of its currency to another country's currency, gold
Fixed Exchange Rate
An Exchange rate held constant by a government promise to buy or sell dollars at the fixed rate on the foreign Exchange market.
A SECurity that pays a specified cash flow over a
Flexible Exchange Rate
An Exchange rate whose value is determined by the forces of supply and demand on the foreign Exchange market.
Floating exchange rate
A country's decision to allow its currency value to freely change. The currency is not
Floating Exchange Rate
See flexible Exchange rate.
SECurity paying dividends or interest that vary with short-term interest rates.
Low-cost, high-usage inventory items stored near the shop floor,
Currency from another country.
The currency of a foreign country.
Foreign exchange controls
Various forms of controls imposed by a government on the purchase/sale of
Foreign exchange dealer
A firm or individual that buys foreign Exchange from one party and then sells it to
Foreign Exchange Market
A worldwide market in which one country's currency is bought or sold in Exchange for another country's currency.
Foreign Exchange Reserves
A fund containing the central bank's holdings of foreign currency or claims thereon.
Foreign exchange risk
The risk that a long or short position in a foreign currency might have to be closed out
Foreign exchange swap
An agreement to Exchange stipulated amounts of one currency for another currency
A form used by businesses to report to the government payments
Forward Exchange Market
A market in which foreign Exchange can be bought or sold for delivery (and payment) at some specified future date but at a price agreed upon now.
Forward exchange rate
Exchange rate fixed today for exchanging currency at some future date.
forward rate of exchange
Exchange rate for a forward transaction.
Futures commission merchant
A firm or person engaged in soliciting or accepting and handling orders for
Gold exchange standard
A system of fixing Exchange rates adopted in the Bretton Woods agreement. It
Negotiable U.S. Treasury SECurities.
Collectively, "greeKs" refer to the financial measures delta, gamma,
A debt SECurity for which the investing entity has both the positive
Historical exchange rate
An accounting term that refers to the Exchange rate in effect when an asset or
A corporation that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and
The SECurity to which a warrant is attached.
A convertible SECurity whose optioned common stock is trading in a middle range, causing
Organizations that invest, including insurance companies, depository institutions,
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