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Definition of Demand
An amount desired, in the sense that people are willing and able to pay to obtain this amount. Always associated with a given price.
Total quantity of goods and services demanded.
Combinations of the price level and income for which the goods and services market is in equilibrium, or for which both the goods and services market and the money market are in equilibrium.
A bank deposit that can be withdrawn on demand, such as a deposit in a checking account.
Checking accounts that pay no interest and can be withdrawn upon demand.
A bank line of credit that enables a customer to borrow on a daily or on-demand basis.
A loan which must be repaid in full on demand.
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Short-term securities that are repayable immediately upon the holder's demand.
Inflation whose initial cause is excess demand rather than cost increases. See also cost-push inflation.
An event that affects the demand for goods in services in the economy.
A situation in which demand exceeds supply.
demands for securities to hedge particular sources of consumption risk, beyond the usual
An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.
The need to meet unexpected or extraordinary contingencies with a
The need for cash to take advantage of investment opportunities that may arise.
Transaction demand (for money)
The need to accommodate a firm's expected cash transactions.
Variable rated demand bond (VRDB)
Floating rate bond that can be sold back periodically to the issuer.
The demand for a part by an outlying warehouse.
A line representing equilibrium in the goods and services market, on a diagram with aggregate demand on the vertical axis and aggregate supply on the horizontal axis.
a measure of the demands on activities and,
Aggregate Expenditure Curve
Aggregate demand for goods and services drawn as a function of the level of national income.
A right of shareholders in a merger to demand the payment of a fair price for their shares, as
Also known as a trading index (TRIN)= (number of advancing issues)/ (number of declining
Balance of Payments
The difference between the demand for and supply of a country's currency on the foreign exchange market.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
Bill of exchange
General term for a document demanding payment.
A resource whose capacity is unable to match or exceed that of the demand
a. An option to buy a certain quantity of a stock or commodity for a
The proportion of capacity that is able to be utilized to fulfil customer demand for products
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from purchases or sales of assets.
demand for payment.
company cost of capital
Expected rate of return demanded by investors in a company, determined by the average risk of the company’s assets and operations.
The relationship between consumption demand and disposable income. More generally, it refers to the relationship between consumption demand and all factors that affect this demand.
The most significant cause of the cost of an activity, a measure of the demand for an activity
Inflation whose initial cause is cost increases rather than excess demand. See also demand-pull inflation.
Decreases in aggregate demand which accompany an expansionary fiscal policy, dampening the impact of that policy.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
Raising loan capital through the creation of debt by issuing a form of paper evidencing amounts owed and payable on specified dates or on demand.
The absence of equilibrium. Disequilibrium implies excess demand or excess supply and pressure for change.
An unconventional order in writing - signed by a person, usually the exporter, and addressed to the
A position in which there is no pressure for change, where demand and supply are equal.
Events of default
Contractually specified events that allow lenders to demand immediate repayment of a debt.
A situation in which supply exceeds demand.
a short-run concept that represents the
Flexible Exchange Rate
An exchange rate whose value is determined by the forces of supply and demand on the foreign exchange market.
free cash flow
Generally speaking, this term refers to cash flow from
A policy designed to lower inflation without reducing aggregate demand. Wage/price controls are an example.
Insured Retirement Plan
This is a recently coined phrase describing the concept of using Universal Life Insurance to tax shelter earnings which can be used to generate tax-free income in retirement. The concept has been described by some as "the most effective tax-neutralization strategy that exists in Canada today."
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
A demand for additional funds because of adverse price movement. Maintenance margin
Total demand for loans by borrowers equals total supply of loans from lenders. The market,
The system whereby using prices, the interaction of supply and demand allocates inputs and distributes outputs.
Market price of risk
A measure of the extra return, or risk premium, that investors demand to bear risk. The
Market segmentation theory or preferred habitat theory
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the
Material requirements planning (MRP)
A computer-driven production methodology
materials requirements planning (MRP)
a computerbased information system that simulates the ordering and
M1-A: Currency plus demand deposits
Negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW)
demand deposits that pay interest.
Also called a mutual fund, an investment company that stands ready to sell new shares to the
Optimum selling price
The price at which profit is maximized, which takes into account the cost behaviour of fixed and variable costs and the relationship between price and demand for a product/service.
Investors are not able to buy all of the shares or bonds they want, so underwriters must
A covenant allowing the bondholder to demand repayment in the event of a hostile merger.
Preferred habitat theory
A biased expectations theory that believes the term structure reflects the
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting price rather than quantity. Contrast with quantity adjuster.
Ease with which prices adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
Written promise committing the maker to pay the a specified sum of money either on demand or on some future date, with or without interest.
a production system dictated by product sales
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting quantity rather than price. Contrast with price adjuster.
A claim for the right to return or the right to demand the return of a security that has been
Costs associated with restructuring activities, including the consolidation and/or relocation of operations or the disposition or abandonment of operations or productive assets.
Accounts that pay interest, typically at below-market interest rates, that do not have a
Belief that supply creates its own demand.
demand for immediate payment.
Units of ownership, also called shares, in a public corporation. Owners of such units, called shareholders, share in the earnings of the company through dividends. The price of a stock is determined by supply and demand in the stock market.
Also called chartists or technicians, analysts who use mechanical rules to detect changes
Technical condition of a market
demand and supply factors affecting price, in particular the net position,
demand for payment at a stated future date.
Written demand that has been accepted by an industrial company to pay a given sum at a future date.
The channels by which a change in the demand or supply of money affects aggregate demand for goods and services.
Ease with which wages adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
Zero curve, zero-coupon yield curve
A yield curve for zero-coupon bonds;
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