|Variable rated demand bond (VRDB)|
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Definition of Variable rated demand bond (VRDB)
Variable rated demand bond (VRDB)
Floating rate bond that can be sold back periodically to the issuer.
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
A bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid to the investor during the time of accrual.
Total quantity of goods and services demanded.
Combinations of the price level and income for which the goods and services market is in equilibrium, or for which both the goods and services market and the money market are in equilibrium.
bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local
A long-term, interest-bearing promissory note that companies may use to borrow money for periods of time such as five, ten, or twenty years.
A long-term debt instrument in which the issuer (borrower) is
Security that obligates the issuer to make specified payments
A financial asset taking the form of a promise by a borrower to repay a specified amount (the bond's face value) on a maturity date and to make fixed periodic interest payments.
Usually a fixed interest security under which the issuer contracts to pay the lender a fixed principal amount at a stated date in the future, and a series of interest payments, either semi-annually or annually. Interest payments may vary through the life of bond.
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. Short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
Fixed interest security issued by a corporation or government, having a specific maturity date.
A contract for privately placed debt.
A contractual provision in a bond indenture. A positive covenant requires certain actions, and
The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.
Bond equivalent yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.
Bond Equivalent Yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method
The contract that sets forth the promises of a corporate bond issuer and the rights of
Designing a portfolio so that its performance will match the performance of some bond index.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A system that monitors and evaluates the performance of a fixed-income portfolio , as well as the
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
bonds issued by emerging countries under a debt reduction plan.
bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
Foreign bond issue made in London.
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
Canada Savings Bonds
A bond issued each year by the federal government. These bonds can be cashed in at any time for their full face value.
Collateral trust bonds
A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
Insurance that a construction contract will be successfully completed.
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
Continuous random variable
A random value that can take any fractional value within specified ranges, as
bond that the holder may exchange for a specified number of shares.
bonds that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
A eurobond that can be converted into another asset, often through exercise of
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
Any bond with a coupon. Contrast with discount bond.
High-coupon bonds that sell at only at a moderate premium because they are callable at a
An unsecured bond whose holder has the claim of a general creditor on all assets of the
an unknown item for which a linear programming
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
An amount desired, in the sense that people are willing and able to pay to obtain this amount. Always associated with a given price.
A bank deposit that can be withdrawn on demand, such as a deposit in a checking account.
Checking accounts that pay no interest and can be withdrawn upon demand.
Demand line of credit
A bank line of credit that enables a customer to borrow on a daily or on-demand basis.
A loan which must be repaid in full on demand.
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Demand master notes
Short-term securities that are repayable immediately upon the holder's demand.
Inflation whose initial cause is excess demand rather than cost increases. See also cost-push inflation.
An event that affects the demand for goods in services in the economy.
an unknown variable that is to be predicted
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
Discrete random variable
A random variable that can take only a certain specified set of discrete possible
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
A value determined within the context of a model.
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
A bond that is (1) underwritten by an international syndicate, (2) offered at issuance
A debt security issued in a market other than the home market of
bond that is marketed internationally.
Eurobonds denominated in U.S.dollars.
Eurobonds denominated in Japanese yen.
A situation in which demand exceeds supply.
A variable whose value is determined outside the model in which it is used. Also called
bond whose maturity can be extended at the option of the lender or issuer.
Government bonds that are acceptable at par in payment of federal estate taxes when owned by
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Full coupon bond
A bond with a coupon equal to the going market rate, thereby, the bond is selling at par.
General obligation bonds
Municipal securities secured by the issuer's pledge of its full faith, credit, and
bonds that are designed so as to qualify for immediate trading in any domestic capital market
See: Government securities.
demands for securities to hedge particular sources of consumption risk, beyond the usual
High-coupon bond refunding
Refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
a variable that, when changed, will
bond whose payments are linked to an index, e.g. the consumer price index.
Industrial revenue bond (IRB)
bond issued by local government agencies on behalf of corporations.
A municipal bond backed both by the credit of the municipal issuer and by commercial
internally generated funds
Cash reinvested in the firm; depreciation plus earnings not paid out as dividends.
A collective term that refers to global bonds, Eurobonds, and foreign bonds.
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
A bond with a speculative credit rating of BB (S&P) or Ba (Moody's) or lower is a junk or high
bond with a rating below Baa or BBB.
a critical factor that management believes will
bond with a stream of coupon payments that are the same throughout the life of the bond.
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
bonds with a long current maturity. The "long bond" is the 30-year U.S. government bond.
bonds with a long current maturity. The "long bond" is the 30-year U.S. government bond.
Low-coupon bond refunding
Refunding of a low coupon bond with a new, higher coupon bond.
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