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Definition of Cross holdings
One corporation holds shares in another firm.
An estimation of price that uses the average or representative price of a
Refers to the volatility of returns on international investments caused by events associated
A provision under which default on one debt obligation triggers default on another debt
The practice of hedging with a futures contract that is different from the underlying being
The exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates
A statistical methodology applied to a set of firms at a particular point in time.
The return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value.
The number of days it would take to pay the ending balance
The number of days it would take to collect the ending
Arithmetic mean return.
The amount of total risk that can be eliminated by diversification by
An arithmetic mean of selected stocks intended to represent the behavior of the market or some
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
The weighted-average age of all of the firm's outstanding invoices.
The average useful life of a company's collective amortizable asset base.
Average Collection Period
average number of days necessary to receive cash for the sale of
Average collection period, or days' receivables
The ratio of accounts receivables to sales, or the total
Average-Cost Inventory Method
The inventory cost-flow assumption that assigns the average
Average cost of capital
A firm's required payout to the bondholders and to the stockholders expressed as a
The beginning inventory for a period, plus the amount at the end of
Also referred to as the weighted-average life (WAL). The average number of years that each
The average time to maturity of securities held by a mutual fund. Changes in interest rates
Average Propensity to Consume
Ratio of consumption to disposable income. See also marginal propensity to consume.
Average Propensity to Save
Ratio of saving to disposable income. See also marginal propensity to save.
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
The risk that a firm will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Also referred to as default or insolvency risk.
The uncertainty about the basis at the time a hedge may be lifted. Hedging substitutes basis risk for
risk of a firm measured from the standpoint of an investor who holds a highly diversified portfolio.
The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will be impaired because of adverse economic
The combination of cash flow uncertainty and reinvestment risk introduced by a call provision.
The risk that a foreign debtor will be unable to pay its debts because of business events,
Related: Unsystematic risk
See asset-specific risk
The risk that a project will not be brought into operation successfully.
The risk that the other party to an agreement will default. In an options contract, the risk
Country financial risk
The ability of the national economy to generate enough foreign exchange to meet
Country risk General
Level of political and economic uncertainty in a country affecting the value of loans or
The risk that an issuer of debt securities or a borrower may default on his obligations, or that the
Financial and moral risk that an obligation will not be paid and a loss will result.
Related: Exchange rate risk
Currency risk sharing
An agreement by the parties to a transaction to share the currency risk associated with
An order to buy or sell stock that automatically expires if it can't be executed on the day it is entered.
Refers to establishing and liquidating the same position or positions within one day's trading.
Days in receivables
average collection period.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
Days' sales outstanding
average collection period.
measures the number days' worth of sales in accounts receivable (accounts receivable
Also referred to as credit risk (as gauged by commercial rating companies), the risk that an
Related: unsystematic risk.
dollar days (of inventory)
a measurement of the value of inventory for the time that inventory is held
Dow Jones industrial average
This is the best known U.S.index of stocks. It contains 30 stocks that trade on
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Index of the investment performance of a portfolio of 30 “blue-chip” stocks.
In project financing, the risk that the project's output will not be salable at a price that will
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
The risk that the ability of an issuer to make interest and principal payments will change because
Exchange rate risk
Also called currency risk, the risk of an investment's value changing because of currency
The variability of a firm's value that results from unexpected exchange rate changes or the
A type of mortgage pipeline risk that is generally created when the terms of the loan to be
The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will not be adequate to meet its financial obligations.
risk to shareholders resulting from the use of debt.
See:diversifiable risk or unsystematic risk.
First notice day
The first day, varying by contracts and exchanges, on which notices of intent to deliver
Flat price risk
Taking a position either long or short that does not involve spreading.
Force majeure risk
The risk that there will be an interruption of operations for a prolonged period after a
Foreign exchange risk
The risk that a long or short position in a foreign currency might have to be closed out
Related: interest rate risk
risk that arises when an issuer has policies concentrated within certain geographic areas,
The risk of loss in foreign exchange trading that one party will deliver foreign exchange but the counterparty financial institution will fail to deliver its end of the contract. It is also referred to as settlement risk.
High-Risk Small Business
Firm viewed as being particularly subject to risk from an investors perspective.
Unsystematic risk or risk that is uncorrelated to the overall market risk. In other words,
Also called purchasing-power risk, the risk that changes in the real return the investor will
The risk that a firm will be unable to satisfy its debts. Also known as bankruptcy risk.
Interest rate risk
The risk that a security's value changes due to a change in interest rates. For example, a
Interest Rate Risk
Possibility that interest rates will rise during the term of a loan thereby increasing the annual cost of borrowing.
The number of days it would take to sell the ending balance in inventory at the
judgmental method (of risk adjustment)
an informal method of adjusting for risk that allows the decision maker
Last trading day
The final day under an exchange's rules during which trading may take place in a particular
The risk that arises from the difficulty of selling an asset. It can be thought of as the difference
Market price of risk
A measure of the extra return, or risk premium, that investors demand to bear risk. The
risk that cannot be diversified away. Related: systematic risk
The amount of total risk that cannot be eliminated by portfolio
Economywide (macroeconomic) sources of risk that affect the overall stock market. Also called systematic risk.
The part of security's risk that cannot be eliminated by diversification. It is measured by the beta coefficient.
market risk premium
risk premium of market portfolio. Difference between market return and return on risk-free Treasury bills.
The risk associated with taking applications from prospective mortgage borrowers
Used in charts and technical analysis, the average of security or commodity prices
A price average that is adjusted by adding other
Moving average inventory method
An inventory costing methodology that calls for the re-calculation of the average cost of all parts in stock after every purchase.
A financial chart that plots leading and lagging
risk that cannot be eliminated by diversification.
Nonmarket or firm-specific risk factors that can be eliminated by diversification. Also
A day on which notices of intent to deliver pertaining to a specified delivery month may be
NUMBER OF DAYS SALES IN RECEIVABLES
(also called average collection period). The number of days of net sales that are tied up in credit sales (accounts receivable) that haven’t been collected yet.
The inherent or fundamental risk of a firm, without regard to financial risk. The risk that is
operating risk (business risk)
risk in firm’s operating income.
Overnight delivery risk
A risk brought about because differences in time zones between settlement centers
Possibility of the expropriation of assets, changes in tax policy, restrictions on the exchange of
The risk that the value of a security (or a portfolio) will decline in the future. Or, a type of
A type of mortgage-pipeline risk that occurs when a lender has an unusual loan in production or
Related: inflation risk
In banking, the risk that profits may decline or losses occur because a rise in interest rates forces up
Regulatory pricing risk
risk that arises when regulators restrict the premium rates that insurance companies
The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
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