|activity-based management (ABM)|
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Definition of activity-based management (ABM)
activity-based management (ABM)
a discipline that focuses on the activities incurred during the production/performance process as the way to improve the value received
Also called surplus management, the task of managing funds of a financial
Asset activity ratios
Ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
Methods of financing in which lenders and equity investors look principally to the
Bottom-up equity management style
A management style that de-emphasizes the significance of economic
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Management/closely held shares
Percentage of shares held by persons closely related to a company, as
Management buyout (MBO)
Leveraged buyout whereby the acquiring group is led by the firm's management.
An investment advisory fee charged by the financial advisor to a fund based on the fund's
Related: Investment management.
Passive investment management
Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
Related: Investment management
The process of identifying and evaluating risks and selecting and managing techniques to
Related: asset management
Top-down equity management style
A management style that begins with an assessment of the overall
Working capital management
The management of current assets and current liabilities to maximize shortterm liquidity.
A method of budgeting that develops budgets based on expected activities and cost drivers – see also activity-based costing.
A method of costing that uses cost pools to accumulate the cost of significant business activities and then assigns the costs from the cost pools to products or services based on cost drivers.
Allocation base A measure of activity or volume such as labour
hours, machine hours or volume of production
The production of financial and non-financial information used in planning for the future; making decisions about products, services, prices and what costs to incur; and ensuring that plans are implemented and achieved.
A budget that allocates funds in line with strategies.
Strategic management accounting
The provision and analysis of management accounting data about a business and its competitors, which is of use in the development and monitoring of strategy (Simmonds).
A variety of approaches that emphasize increasing shareholder value as the primary goal of every business.
A method of budgeting that ignores historical budgetary allocations and identifies the costs that are necessary to implement agreed strategies.
activity based costing (ABC)
A relatively new method advocated for the
This is difficult to define in a few words—indeed, an
see activity-based management
a repetitive action performed in fulfillment of business functions
the process of detailing the various repetitive actions that are performed in making a product or
activity-based budgeting (ABB)
planning approach applying activity drivers to estimate the levels and costs of activities necessary to provide the budgeted quantity and
activity-based costing (ABC)
a process using multiple cost drivers to predict and allocate costs to products and services;
a segment of the production or service
a measure of the demands on activities and,
attribute-based costing (ABC II)
an extension of activitybased costing using cost-benefit analysis (based on increased customer utility) to choose the product attribute
an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Institute of Management Accountants (IMA)
an organization composed of individuals interested in the field of management accounting; it coordinates the Certified management
a discipline that includes almost
Management Accounting Guidelines (MAGs)
pronouncements of the Society of management Accountants of
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
the preference of a manager in how he/she interacts with other stakeholders in the organization;
non-value-added (NVA) activity
an activity that increases the time spent on a product or service but that does not increase its worth or value to the customer
a philosophy about increasing a firm’s performance by involving all workers and by ensuring
performance management system
a system reflecting the entire package of decisions regarding performance measurement and evaluation
Society of Management Accountants of Canada
the professional body representing an influential and diverse
Statement on Management Accounting (SMA)
a pronouncement developed and issued by the management
strategic resource management
organizational planning for the deployment of resources to create value for customers and shareholders; key varibles in the process include the management of information and the management of change in response to threats and opportunities
the cooperative strategic planning,
the use of all techniques that help an organization achieve its goals
total quality management (TQM)
a structural system for creating organization-wide participation in planning and implementing a continuous improvement process that exceeds
value-added (VA) activity
an activity that increases the worth of the product or service to the customer
Activity-based costing (ABC)
A cost allocation system that compiles costs and assigns
management buyout (MBO)
Acquisition of the firm by its own management in a leveraged buyout.
Demand Management Policy
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
Abusive Earnings Management
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
Abusive Earnings Management
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
The active manipulation of earnings toward a predetermined target.
Operational Earnings Management
management actions taken in the effort to create stable
Real Actions (Earnings) Management
Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
Loans granted usually by a financial institution where the asset being financed constitutes the sole security given to the lender.
management refers to the individuals in an entity that have the authority and the responsibility to manage the entity. The positions of these individuals, and their titles, vary from one entity to another and, to some extent, from one country to another depending on the local laws and customs. Thus, when the context requires it, the term includes the board of directors or committees of the board which are designated to oversee certain matters (e.g., audit committee).
ABM (automated banking machine)
A bank machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller machine (ATM).
management expense ratio (MER)
The total expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of daily average net assets. MER does not include brokerage fees and commissions, which are also payable by the Fund.
The fee paid to the fund’s manager for supervising the administration of the fund.
Life insurance or annuity product in which the cash value and benefit level fluctuate according to the performance of an equity portfolio.
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