Definition of With dividend
Purchase of shares in which the buyer is entitled to the forthcoming dividend. Related: exdividend.
a measure used in academic finance articles to measure the excess returns an investor would have received over a particular time period if he or she were invested in a particular stock.
This is typically used in control and takeover studies, where stockholders are paid a premium for being taken over. Starting some time period before the takeover (often five days before the first announced bid, but sometimes a longer period), the researchers calculate the actual daily stock returns for the target firm and subtract out the expected market returns (usually calculated using the firmâ€™s beta and applying it to overall market movements during the time period under observation).
The excess actual return over the capital asset pricing model-determined expected return market is called an â€˜â€˜abnormal return.â€™â€™ The cumulation of the daily abnormal returns over the time period under observation is the CAR. The term CAR(-5, 0) means the CAR calculated from five days before the
announcement to the day of announcement. The CAR(-1, 0) is a control premium, although Mergerstat generally uses the stock price five days before announcement rather than one day before announcement as the denominator in its control premium calculation. However, the CAR for any period other than (-1, 0) is not mathematically equivalent to a control premium.
An approximate measure of the liability of a plan in the event of a
termination at the date the calculation is performed. Related: projected benefit obligation.
Sum of the differences between the expected return on a stock and the
actual return that comes from the release of news to the market.
A requirement that any missed preferred or preference stock dividends be paid
in full before any common dividend payment is made.
Preferred stock whose dividends accrue, should the issuer not make timely
dividend payments. Related: non-cumulative preferred stock.
A function that shows the probability that the random variable will
attain a value less than or equal to each value that the random variable can take on.
An entry in a translated balance sheet in which gains
and/or losses from translation have been accumulated over a period of years. The CTA account is required
under the FASB No. 52 rule.
A system of voting for directors of a corporation in which shareholder's total number of
votes is equal to his number of shares held times the number of candidates.
Commercial paper backed by normal bank lines plus a letter of credit from a
bank stating that it will pay off the paper at maturity if the borrower does not. Such paper is also referred to as
LOC (letter of credit) paper.
Preferred stock whose holders must forgo dividend payments when the
company misses a dividend payment.
Related: cumulative preferred stock
The document that records a transaction and forms the basis for recording in a businessâ€™s
A contra-fixed asset account representing the portion of the cost of a fixed asset that has been previously charged to expense. Each fixed asset account will have its own associated accumulated depreciation account.
A contra, or offset, account that is coupled
with the property, plant, and equipment asset account in which the original
costs of the long-term operating assets of a business are recorded.
The accumulated depreciation contra account accumulates the amount of
depreciation expense that is recorded period by period. So the balance in
this account is the cumulative amount of depreciation that has been
recorded since the assets were acquired. The balance in the accumulated
depreciation account is deducted from the original cost of the assets
recorded in the property, plant, and equipment asset account. The
remainder, called the book value of the assets, is the amount included on
the asset side of a business.
the approach to product costing that determines
which manufacturing costs are recorded as part
of product cost
operations flow document
a document listing all operations
necessary to produce one unit of product (or perform
a specific service) and the corresponding time allowed
for each operation
see operations flow document
The sum total of all deprecation expense recognized to date
on a depreciable fixed asset.
Voting system in which all the votes one shareholder is allowed to cast can be cast for one candidate for the board of directors.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
cumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders'
equity that arise from changes in the fair value of available-for-sale securities, from the
effects of changes in foreign-currency exchange rates on consolidated foreign-currency financial
statements, certain gains and losses on financial derivatives, and from adjustments for underfunded
The cumulative, after-tax, prior-year effect of a change in accounting
principle. It is reported as a single line item on the income statement in the year of the
change in accounting principle. The cumulative-effect-type adjustment is the most common accounting
treatment afforded changes in accounting principle.
Cumulative Effect of Accounting Change
The change in earnings of previous years assuming
that the newly adopted accounting principle had previously been in use.
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
The change in earnings of previous years
based on the assumption that a newly adopted accounting principle had previously been in use.
A location in which components destined for the shop floor are
accumulated before delivery.
Property free and clear of all liens (creditors' secured claims).
An amount of money invested plus the interest earned on that money.
Daily Interest Accumulation
Account in which interest is accrued daily and credited to the account at the end of a specified time.
Accretion (of a discount)
In portfolio accounting, a straight-line accumulation of capital gains on discount
bond in anticipation of receipt of par at maturity.
The accumulated coupon interest earned but not yet paid to the seller of a bond by the
buyer (unless the bond is in default).
Articles of incorporation
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
Bill of exchange
General term for a document demanding payment.
The cumulative book income plus any gain or loss on disposition of the assets on termination of the SAT.
Common stock/other equity
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
earnings. Also called shareholders' equity.
The process of accumulating the time value of money forward in time. For example, interest
earned in one period earns additional interest during each subsequent time period.
The process of accumulating the time value of money forward in time on a
continuous, or instantaneous, basis. Interest is earned continuously, and at each instant, the interest that
accrues immediately begins earning interest on itself.
An annual statement filed by a life insurance company in each state where it does
business in compliance with that state's regulations. The statement and supporting documents show, among
other things, the assets, liabilities, and surplus of the reporting company.
A legal document creating a corporation.
Dividend reinvestment plan (DRP)
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
company's stock, often without commissions. Some plans provide for the purchase of additional shares at a
discount to market price. Dividend reinvestment plans allow shareholders to accumulate stock over the Long
term using dollar cost averaging. The DRP is usually administered by the company without charges to the
The Securities & Exchange Commission uses Electronic Data Gathering and Retrieval to transmit
company documents such as 10-Ks, 10-Qs, quarterly reports, and other SEC filings, to investors.
FASB No. 52
The U.S. accounting standard which was replaced by FASB No. 8. U.S. companies are required
to translate foreign accounts by the current rate and report the changes from currency fluctuations in a
cumulative translation adjustment account in the equity section of the balance sheet.
Hard capital rationing
Capital rationing that under no circumstances can be violated.
Voting system under which each director is voted upon separately. Related: cumulative voting.
A technical trading strategy that combines mechanical rules, such as the CRISMA
(cumulative volume, relative strength, moving average) Trading System of Pruitt and White.
A document that outlines the terms of securities to be offered in a private placement.
Project notes (PNs)
Project notes are issued by municipalities to finance federally sponsored programs in
urban renewal and housing and are guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Project financing A form of asset-based financing in which a firm finances a discrete set of assets on a standalone
Projected benefit obligation (PBO) A measure of a pension plan's liability at the calculation date assuming
that the plan is ongoing and will not terminate in the foreseeable future. Related:accumulated benefit obligation.
Formal written document to sell securities that describes the plan for a proposed business
enterprise, or the facts concerning an existing one, that an investor needs to make an informed decision.
Prospectuses are used by mutual funds to describe the fund objectives, risks and other essential information.
Document intended to provide shareholders with information necessary to vote in an informed manner
on matters to be brought up at a stockholders' meeting. Includes information on closely held shares.
Shareholders can and often do give management their proxy, representing the right and responsibility to vote
their shares as specified in the proxy statement.
A legal document that is filed with the SEC to register securities for public offering.
"Soft" Capital Rationing
Capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
as made up of targets rather than absolute constraints.
Tax-deferred retirement plans
Employer-sponsored and other plans that allow contributions and earnings to
be made and accumulate tax-free until they are paid out as benefits.
Whole life insurance
A contract with both insurance and investment components: (1) It pays off a stated
amount upon the death of the insured, and (2) it accumulates a cash value that the policyholder can redeem or
An assetâ€™s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
An accelerated depreciation method that calculates depreciation each year by applying a fixed rate to the assetâ€™s book (costâ€“accumulated depreciation) value. Depreciation stops when the assetâ€™s book value reaches its salvage value.
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
A method of costing that uses cost pools to accumulate the cost of significant business activities and then assigns the costs from the cost pools to products or services based on cost drivers.
A method of accounting that accumulates the costs of a product/service that is produced either
customized to meet a customerâ€™s specification or in a batch of identical product/services.
An approach to costing that estimates and accumulates the costs of a product/service over
its entire lifecycle, i.e. from inception to abandonment.
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a note.
accrued expenses payable
The account that records the short-term, noninterest-
bearing liabilities of a business that accumulate over time, such
as vacation pay owed to employees. This liability is different than
accounts payable, which is the liability account for bills that have been
received by a business from purchases on credit.
Refers to the capital invested in a business by its shareowners
plus the profit earned by the business that has not been distributed
to its shareowners, which is called retained earnings. Ownersâ€™
equity is one of the two basic sources of capital for a business, the other
being borrowed money, or debt. The book value, or value reported in a
balance sheet for ownersâ€™ equity, is not the market value of the business.
Rather, the balance sheet value reflects the historical amounts of capital
invested in the business by the owners over the years plus the accumulation
of yearly profits that were not paid out to owners.
This is a key factor in the profit model of a business. Product
cost is the same as purchase cost for a retailer or wholesaler (distributor).
A manufacturer has to accumulate three different types of production
costs to determine product cost: direct materials, direct labor, and
manufacturing overhead. The cost of products (goods) sold is deducted
from sales revenue to determine gross margin (also called gross profit),
which is the first profit line reported in an external income statement
and in an internal profit report to managers.
The amount of interest accumulated on a debt security between
interest paying dates
a cost accumulation and reporting
method that treats the costs of all manufacturing components
(direct material, direct labor, variable overhead, and
fixed overhead) as inventoriable or product costs; it is the
traditional approach to product costing; it must be used for
external financial statements and tax returns
bill of materials
a document that contains information about
the product materials components and their specifications
(including quality and quantities needed)
a detailed set of documents that provides information
and guidelines about the budgetary process
cost of production report
a process costing document that
details all operating and cost information, shows the computation
of cost per equivalent unit, and indicates cost assignment
to goods produced during the period
employee time sheet
a source document that indicates, for each employee, what jobs were worked on during the day and for what amount of time
a circumstance in which the personal and
organizational goals of decision makers throughout a firm
are consistent and mutually supportive
job order cost sheet
a source document that provides virtually
all the financial information about a particular job;
the set of all job order cost sheets for uncompleted jobs
composes the Work in Process Inventory subsidiary ledger
life cycle costing
the accumulation of costs for activities that
occur over the entire life cycle of a product from inception
to abandonment by the manufacturer and consumer
material requisition form
a source document that indicates
the types and quantities of material to be placed into production
or used in performing a service; it causes materials
and its cost to be released from the Raw Material Inventory
warehouse and sent to Work in Process Inventory
process costing system
a method of accumulating and assigning costs to units of production in companies producing large quantities of homogeneous products;
it accumulates costs by cost component in each production department and assigns costs to units using equivalent units of production
a review of product design activities (although
not for individual products), manufacturing processes and controls, quality documentation and records, and management philosophy
standard cost card
a document that summarizes the direct
material, direct labor, and overhead standard quantities and
prices needed to complete one unit of product
a cost accumulation and reporting method
that includes only variable production costs (direct material,
direct labor, and variable overhead) as inventoriable
or product costs; it treats fixed overhead as a period cost;
is not acceptable for external reporting and tax returns
The investment by a companyâ€™s owners in a business, plus the impact of any
accumulated gains or losses.
Cost of goods sold
The accumulated total of all costs used to create a product or service,
which is then sold. These costs fall into the general sub-categories of direct
labor, materials, and overhead.
Anegative balance in the retained earnings account that is caused by cumulative
losses that exceed the amount of equity.
A document submitted to a customer, identifying a transaction for which the
customer owes payment to the issuer.
A companyâ€™s accumulated earnings since its inception, less any distributions to shareholders.
A document that identifies a stockholderâ€™s ownership share in a corporation.
The cost that a product accumulates during its tenure in another
department that is earlier in the production process.
Negotiable order of withdrawal account, an interest-bearing bank account on which a special check called a negotiable order of withdrawal could be written. Because NOWs are not technically checks, by this means it was possible for banks to circumvent Fed regulations prohibiting payment of interest on checking accounts.
Roth IRA. An IRA account whose earnings are not taxable at all under certain
A bank document containing the signatures of all approved signatories
that a company has approved to sign checks.
A document or electronic record on which an employee records his or
her hours worked during a payroll period.
A device used to stamp an employeeâ€™s incoming or outgoing time
on either a paper document or an electronic record.
Change in Accounting Principle
A change from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principleâ€”for example, a change from capitalizing expenditures
to expensing them. A change in accounting principle is accounted for in most instances
as a cumulative-effectâ€“type adjustment.
A contract accounting method that recognizes contract revenue
only when the contract is completed. All contract costs are accumulated and reported as expense
when the contract revenue is recognized.
Income from Continuing Operations
After-tax net income before discontinued operations,
extraordinary items, and the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principle.
A deduction against taxable income permitted companies in the natural
resources industry equal to a percentage of gross income generated by a property. The deduction
is permitted even if it results cumulatively in more than 100% of the cost of the property being
deducted over time. Thus, percentage depletion can create a permanent difference between book
income and taxable income.
A review of all engineering documentation used as the basis
for a manufactured product to see if the documentation accurately represents
the finished product.
Verifying that a delivered product matches authorizing
engineering documentation. This also refers to engineering changes made subsequent
to the initial product release.
A document listing the quantities of specific parts to be withdrawn
A document attached to a customer shipment, describing the contents
of the items shipped, as well as their part number and quantity.
A document attached to a pallet, showing the description, part number,
and quantity of the item contained on the pallet.
A document listing items to be removed from stock, either for delivery to the shop floor for production purposes or for delivery to a customer.
Assuris is a not for profit organization that protects Canadian policyholders in the event that their life insurance company should become insolvent. Their role is to protect policyholders by minimizing loss of benefits and ensuring a quick transfer of their policies to a solvent company where their benefits will continue to be honoured. Assuris is funded by the life insurance industry and endorsed by government. If you are a Canadian citizen or resident, and you purchased a product from a member life insurance company in Canada, you are protected by Assuris.
All life insurance companies authorized to sell in Canada are required, by the federal, provincial and territorial regulators, to become members of Assuris. Members cannot terminate their membership as long as they are licensed to write business in Canada or have any in force business in Canada.
If your life insurance company fails, your policies will be transferred to a solvent company. Assuris guarantees that you will retain at least 85% of the insurance benefits you were promised. Insurance benefits include Death, Health Expense, Monthly Income and Cash Value. Your deposit type products will also be transferred to a solvent company. For these products, Assuris guarantees that you will retain 100% of your Accumulated Value up to $100,000. Deposit type products include accumulation annuities, universal life overflow accounts, premium deposit accounts and dividend deposit accounts. The key to Assuris protection is that it is applied to all benefits of a similar type. If you have more than one policy with the failed company, you will need to add together all similar benefits before applying the Assuris protection. The Assuris website can be found at www.assuris.ca.
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