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Definition of underapplied overhead
a debit balance in the overhead account at the end of a period; when the applied overhead amount is less than the actual overhead that was incurred
A general term referring to period costs, such as selling, administration and financial expenses.
Any cost other than a direct cost – may refer to an indirect production cost and/or to a non-production expense.
The process of spreading production overhead equitably over the volume of production of goods or services.
The rate (often expressed per hour) applied to the time taken to produce a product/service, used to allocate production overheads to particular products/services based on the time taken. May be calculated on a business-wide or cost centre basis.
A general term referring to indirect costs.
overhead generally refers to indirect, in contrast to direct,
the amount of overhead that has been assigned to Work in Process Inventory as a result of productive activity; credits for this amount are to an overhead account
the difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead;
see volume variance
a credit balance in the overhead account
any factory or production cost that is indirect to
see predetermined overhead rate
the difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted
the difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual
an estimated constant charge per unit of activity used to assign overhead cost to production or services of the period; it is calculated by dividing total budgeted annual overhead at a selected level of volume or activity by that selected measure of volume or activity; it is also the standard overhead application rate
standard overhead application rate
a predetermined overhead rate used in a standard cost system; it can be a separate variable or fixed rate or a combined overhead rate
total overhead variance
the difference between total actual overhead and total applied overhead; it is the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead
variable overhead efficiency variance
the difference between budgeted variable overhead based on actual input activity and variable overhead applied to production
variable overhead spending variance
the difference between total actual variable overhead and the budgeted amount of variable overhead based on actual input activity
All the costs incurred during the manufacturing process, minus the
That portion of total overhead costs which remains constant in size
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