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overhead efficiency variance |
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Definition of overhead efficiency varianceoverhead efficiency variancethe difference between total budgeted overhead at actual hours and total budgeted
Related Terms:variable overhead efficiency variancethe difference between budgeted variable overhead based on actual input activity and variable overhead applied to production Capital market efficiencyReflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient CovarianceA statistical measure of the degree to which random variables move together. EfficiencyReflects the amount of wasted energy. External efficiencyRelated: pricing efficiency. Informational efficiencyThe speed and accuracy with which prices reflect new information. Marketplace price efficiencyThe degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace Mean-variance analysisEvaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes. Mean-variance criterionThe selection of portfolios based on the means and variances of their returns. The Mean-variance efficient portfolioRelated: Markowitz efficient portfolio Minimum-variance frontierGraph of the lowest possible portfolio variance that is attainable for a given Minimum-variance portfolioThe portfolio of risky assets with lowest variance. Portfolio varianceWeighted sum of the covariance and variances of the assets in a portfolio. Pricing efficiencyAlso called external efficiency, a market characteristic where prices at all times fully Semi-strong form efficiencyA form of pricing efficiency where the price of the security fully reflects all Serial covarianceThe covariance between a variable and the lagged value of the variable; the same as Strong-form efficiencyPricing efficiency, where the price of a, security reflects all information, whether or VarianceA measure of dispersion of a set of data points around their mean value. The mathematical Variance minimization approach to trackingAn approach to bond indexing that uses historical data to Variance ruleSpecifies the permitted minimum or maximum quantity of securities that can be delivered to Weak form efficiencyA form of pricing efficiency where the price of the security reflects the past price and Non-production overheadA general term referring to period costs, such as selling, administration and financial expenses. OverheadAny cost other than a direct cost – may refer to an indirect production cost and/or to a non-production expense. Overhead allocationThe process of spreading production overhead equitably over the volume of production of goods or services. Overhead rateThe rate (often expressed per hour) applied to the time taken to produce a product/service, used to allocate production overheads to particular products/services based on the time taken. May be calculated on a business-wide or cost centre basis. Production overheadA general term referring to indirect costs. Variance analysisA method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved. overhead costsoverhead generally refers to indirect, in contrast to direct, VarianceThe weighted average of the squared deviations from the applied overheadthe amount of overhead that has been assigned to Work in Process Inventory as a result of productive activity; credits for this amount are to an overhead account budget variancethe difference between total actual overhead controllable variancethe budget variance of the two variance approach to analyzing overhead variances efficiencya measure of the degree to which tasks were performed fixed overhead spending variancethe difference between the total actual fixed overhead and budgeted fixed overhead; fixed overhead volume variancesee volume variance labor efficiency variancethe number of hours actually worked minus the standard hours allowed for the production labor mix variance(actual mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X actual hours X standard rate); labor rate variancethe actual rate (or actual weighted average rate) paid to labor for the period minus the standard rate multiplied by all hours actually worked during the period; labor yield variance(standard mix X actual hours X standard rate) - (standard mix X standard hours X standard rate); manufacturing cycle efficiency (MCE)a ratio resulting from dividing the actual production time by total lead time; material price variancetotal actual cost of material purchased material quantity variance(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed standard price); material mix variance(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice); material yield variance(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price); noncontrollable variancethe fixed overhead volume variance; overapplied overheada credit balance in the overhead account overheadany factory or production cost that is indirect to overhead application ratesee predetermined overhead rate overhead spending variancethe difference between total actual overhead and total budgeted overhead at actual predetermined overhead ratean estimated constant charge per unit of activity used to assign overhead cost to production or services of the period; it is calculated by dividing total budgeted annual overhead at a selected level of volume or activity by that selected measure of volume or activity; it is also the standard overhead application rate standard overhead application ratea predetermined overhead rate used in a standard cost system; it can be a separate variable or fixed rate or a combined overhead rate total overhead variancethe difference between total actual overhead and total applied overhead; it is the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead total variancethe difference between total actual cost incurred underapplied overheada debit balance in the overhead account at the end of a period; when the applied overhead amount is less than the actual overhead that was incurred variable overhead spending variancethe difference between total actual variable overhead and the budgeted amount of variable overhead based on actual input activity variancea difference between an actual and a standard or variance analysisthe process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences volume variancea fixed overhead variance that represents CovarianceA measure of the degree to which returns on two assets move in VarianceThe dispersion of a variable. The square of the standard deviation. Direct materials mix varianceThe variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of Factory overheadAll the costs incurred during the manufacturing process, minus the Fixed overheadThat portion of total overhead costs which remains constant in size Labor efficiency varianceThe difference between the amount of time that was budgeted Labor rate varianceThe difference between the actual and standard direct labor rates Materials price varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted cost to Materials quantity varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted quantities Production yield varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted proportions Selling price varianceThe difference between the actual and budgeted selling price for semi-strong-form efficiencyMarket prices reflect all publicly available information. strong-form efficiencyMarket prices rapidly reflect all information that could in principle be used to determine true value. varianceAverage value of squared deviations from mean. A measure of volatility. weak-form efficiencyMarket prices rapidly reflect all information contained in the history of past prices. EfficiencyThe ability to produce the things most wanted at the least cost. Efficiency WageWage that maximizes profits. Market EfficiencySee efficiency.
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