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Definition of Trend

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Trend

The general direction of the market.



Related Terms:

Detrend

To remove the general drift, tendency or bent of a set of statistical data as related to time.


Financial Trend Analysis

Process of analyzing financial statements of a company for any continuing relationship.


Simple linear trend model

An extrapolative statistical model that asserts that earnings have a base level and
grow at a constant amount each period.


Bear market

Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.


Blow-off top

A steep and rapid increase in price followed by a steep and rapid drop. This is an indicator seen
in charts and used in technical analysis of stock price and market trends.



Bull market

Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.


Bundling, unbundling

A trend allowing creation of securities either by combining primitive and derivative
securities into one composite hybrid or by separating returns on an asset into classes.


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Business Cycle

Fluctuations of GDP around its long-run trend, consisting of recession, trough, expansion, and peak.


Commodities Exchange Center (CEC)

The location of five New York futures exchanges: Commodity
Exchange, Inc. (COMEX), the New York Mercantile exchange (NYMEX), the New York Cotton Exchange,
the Coffee, Sugar and Cocoa exchange (CSC), and the New York futures exchange (NYFE). common size
statement A statement in which all items are expressed as a percentage of a base figure, useful for purposes of
analyzing trends and the changing relationship between financial statement items. For example, all items in
each year's income statement could be presented as a percentage of net sales.


Divergence

When two or more averages or indices fail to show confirming trends.


Extrapolative statistical models

Models that apply a formula to historical data and project results for a
future period. Such models include the simple linear trend model, the simple exponential model, and the
simple autoregressive model.


Moving average

Used in charts and technical analysis, the average of security or commodity prices
constructed in a period as short as a few days or as Long as several years and showing trends for the latest
interval. As each new variable is included in calculating the average, the last variable of the series is deleted.


random walk theory

Security prices change randomly, with no predictable trends or patterns.


Ratio analysis

A method of analysing financial reports to interpret trends and make comparisons by using ratios – two numbers, with one generally expressed as a percentage of the other.


Retracement

A price movement in the opposite direction of the previous trend.


Tick indicator

A market indicator based on the number of stocks whose last trade was an uptick or a
downtick. Used as an indicator of market sentiment or psychology to try to predict the market's trend.


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Value-at-Risk model (VAR)

Procedure for estimating the probability of portfolio losses exceeding some
specified proportion based on a statistical analysis of historical market price trends, correlations, and volatilities.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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