|Time value of money|
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Definition of Time value of money
Time value of money
The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar
A reduction in the likelihood one or more of the firm's claimants will be fully repaid,
The process of accumulating the time value of money forward in time. For example, interest
The process of accumulating the time value of money forward in time on a
Compounding the time value of money for discrete time intervals.
An annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of
A measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of compounding.
The length of time it takes to recover the initial cost of a project, without regard to the time value of money.
The sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest.
An amount of money invested plus the interest earned on that money.
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
An option is at-the-money if the strike price of the option is equal to the market price of the
The amount of cash payable on a benefit.
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A
An asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
The value of an asset as carried on the balance sheet of a
An asset’s original cost, less any depreciation that has been subsequently incurred.
Net worth of the firm’s assets or liabilities according
book value and book value per share
Generally speaking, these terms
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
Book value per share
The ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. Book value
Book Value per Share
The book value of a company divided by the number of shares
Related: Premium payback period.
an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Cash Surrender Value
This is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications.
Cash Surrender Value
Benefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Also called parity value, the value of a convertible security if it is converted immediately.
the time between the placement of an order to
Economic Value Added (EVA)
Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge
economic value added (EVA)
a measure of the extent to which income exceeds the dollar cost of capital; calculated
economic value added (EVA)
Term used by the consulting firm Stern Stewart for profit remaining after deduction of the cost
employee time sheet
a source document that indicates, for each employee, what jobs were worked on during the day and for what amount of time
The amount of advantage over a current market transaction provided by an in-the-money
The value that an asset is expected to have at the time it is sold at a predetermined
The weighted average of a probability distribution.
The value of the possible outcomes of a variable weighted by the
Expected value of perfect information
The expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known
Extraordinary positive value
A positive net present value.
See: Par value.
The nominal value of a security. Also called the par value.
The maturity value of a security. Also known as par value,
Payment at the maturity of the bond. Also called par value or maturity value.
The payoff value of a bond upon maturity. Also called par value. See principal.
The nominal value which appears on the face of a document recording an entitlement, generally an amount of money that has to be repaid on the maturity of a debt instrument.
Fair market value
The price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market.
Fair Market Value
The highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact.
The amount at which an asset could be purchased or sold or a liability incurred or
Fiat money is paper currency made legal tender by law or fiat. It is not backed by gold or silver and is not necessarily redeemable in coin. This practice has had widespread use for about the last 70 years. If governments produce too much of it, there is a loss of confidence. Even so, governments print it routinely when they need it. The value of fiat money is dependent upon the performance of the economy of the country which issued it. Canada's currency falls into this category.
Firm's net value of debt
Total firm value minus total firm debt.
The amount of cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified
The amount a given payment, or series of payments, will be worth
the amount to which one or more sums of
The value that a sum of money (the present value) earning
Amount to which an investment will grow after earning interest.
The amount to which a payment or series of payments will grow by a given future date when compounded by a given interest rate. FVIF future value interest factor.
See money base.
money that moves across country borders in response to interest rate differences and that moves
the amount of time spent in storing inventory or
A put option that has a strike price higher than the underlying futures price, or a call option
the time taken to perform quality control activities
Intrinsic value of a firm
The present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the
Intrinsic value of an option
The amount by which an option is in-the-money. An option which is not in-themoney
Just-in-time inventory systems
Systems that schedule materials/inventory to arrive exactly as they are
a philosophy about when to do something;
A cluster of manufacturing, design, and delivery practices designed to
The term for several manufacturing innovations that
just-in-time manufacturing system
a production system that attempts to acquire components and produce inventory only as needed, to minimize product defects, and to
a system that maps the skill sets employees
see cycle time
Net amount that could be realized by selling the assets of a firm after paying the debt.
The net proceeds (after taxes and expenses) of selling the assets
Net proceeds that would be realized by selling the firm’s assets and paying off its creditors.
The amount a policyholder may borrow against a whole life insurance policy at the interest rate
A money manager who assumes he or she can forecast when the stock market will go up and down.
1) The price at which a security is trading and could presumably be purchased or sold.
The price at which a product or service could be sold on the open market.
A quoted market price per unit times the number of units being valued. Synonymous
market value added
Market value of equity minus book value.
market-value balance sheet
Financial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities.
Market value ratios
Ratios that relate the market price of the firm's common stock to selected financial
Market value-weighted index
An index of a group of securities computed by calculating a weighted average
Related: par value.
Any item that serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account. See medium of exchange.
Composed of currency and coins outside the banking system plus liabilities to the deposit money banks.
Cash plus deposits of the commercial banks with the central bank.
Money center banks
Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
This is the process by which "dirty money" generated by criminal activities is converted through legitimate businesses into assets that cannot be easily traced back to their illegal origins.
Related: Investment management.
Related: Investment manager.
money markets are for borrowing and lending money for three years or less. The securities in
A market that specializes in trading short-term, low-risk, very liquid
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