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Definition of Stock market
Also called the equity market, the market for trading equities.
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
A measurement of the extent to which the returns on a given stock move with stock market.
A term of French origin used to refer to stock markets.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
A type of active international management that measures the contribution to performance
An agreement in which one party, for an upfront premium, agrees to compensate the other at
An agreement in which one party agrees to pay the other at specific time periods if a specific
A call or put option based on a stock market index.
Portfolio of all assets in the economy. In practice a broad stock market index, such as the Standard & Poor's Composite, is used to represent the market.
Economywide (macroeconomic) sources of risk that affect the overall stock market. Also called systematic risk.
A money manager who assumes he or she can forecast when the stock market will go up and down.
This key ratio equals the current market price
Assets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market.
The tendency of small firms (in terms of total market capitalization) to outperform the
Units of ownership, also called shares, in a public corporation. Owners of such units, called shareholders, share in the earnings of the company through dividends. The price of a stock is determined by supply and demand in the stock market.
The common recurrent low or negative average return from Friday to Monday in the stock market.
Acquisition of stock
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the acquiree's stock.
Adjustable rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
American Stock Exchange (AMEX)
The second-largest stock exchange in the United States. It trades
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
Beta equation (Stocks)
The beta of a stock is determined as follows:
An illegal market.
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
The market in which investors buy and sell shares of companies, normally associated with a stock Exchange.
A market that specializes in trading long-term, relatively high risk
The market in which savings are made available to those needing funds to undertake investment projects. A financial market in which longer-term (maturity greater than one year) bonds and stocks are traded.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
markets for long-term financing.
Ownership shares issued by a business corporation. A business
The total amount of plant, equipment, and other physical capital.
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
An agreement between two or more countries that permits the free movement of capital
These are securities that represent equity ownership in a company. Common shares let an
Shares of ownership sold to the public.
A financial security that represents an ownership claim on the
Ownership shares in a publicly held corporation.
That part of the capital stock of a corporation that carries voting rights and represents
Common stock equivalent
A convertible security that is traded like an equity issue because the optioned
Common stock/other equity
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
Common stock ratios
Ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
Inventories owned by a company, but located on the premises
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be exchanged, at the
Convertible preferred stock
Preferred stock that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
Cost of Common Stock
The rate of return required by the investors in the common stock of
Cost of Preferred Stock
The rate of return required by the investors in the preferred stock of
Cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose dividends accrue, should the issuer not make timely
A market where traders specializing in particular commodities buy and sell assets for their
The market for trading debt instruments.
The informal and frequently unauthorized retention of excess inventory on the shop floor, which is used as buffer safety stock.
markets for derivative instruments.
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
Direct stock-purchase programs
The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.
Dividend yield (Stocks)
Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price.
DLOM (discount for lack of marketability)
an amount or percentage deducted from an equity interest to reflect lack of marketability.
Part of a nation's internal market representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
Earnings per share of common stock
How much profit a company made on each share of common stock this year.
Efficient capital market
A market in which new information is very quickly reflected accurately in share
efficient capital markets
Financial markets in which security prices rapidly reflect all relevant information about asset values.
Efficient Market Hypothesis
In general the hypothesis states that all relevant information is fully and
Efficient Markets Hypothesis
The hypothesis that securities are typically in equilibrium--that they are fairly priced in the sense that the price reflects all publicly available information on the security.
In the interbank Eurodollar deposit market, an either-way market is one in which the bid
The financial markets of developing economies.
Employee stock fund
A firm-sponsored program that enables employees to purchase shares of the firm's
Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP)
A company contributes to a trust fund that buys stock on behalf of
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
a profit-sharing compensation program in which investments are made in
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
A fund containing company stock and owned by employees, paid for by ongoing contributions by the employer.
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
The money market for borrowing and lending currencies that are held in the form of
Excess return on the market portfolio
The difference between the return on the market portfolio and the
Exchange of stock
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its stock in exchange for cash or shares.
Also referred to as the international market, the offshore market, or, more popularly, the
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
Fair market value
The price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market.
Fair Market Value
The highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact.
Farm Improvement and Marketing Cooperatives Loans Act
Federal funds market
The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
Fed committee that makes decisions about open-market operations.
An organized institutional structure or mechanism for creating and exchanging financial assets.
markets in which financial assets are traded.
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
Low-cost, high-usage inventory items stored near the shop floor,
Foreign banking market
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Foreign equity market
That portion of the domestic equity market that represents issues floated by foreign companies.
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