|Split-rate tax system|
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Definition of Split-rate tax system
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
A method of investment appraisal that measures
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a
a valuation method that uses actual direct
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
The ratio of net income to net sales.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
annual percentage rate (APR)
Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Arithmetic average (mean) rate of return
Arithmetic mean return.
A situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates.
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Automated storage/retrieval system
A racking system using automated systems
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated
Base interest rate
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
Before-tax profit margin
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
book rate of return
Accounting income divided by book value.
Break-even payment rate
The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
Break-even tax rate
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Broker loan rate
Related: Call money rate.
A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly
business intelligence (BI) system
a formal process for gathering and analyzing information and producing intelligence to meet decision making needs; requires information about
A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
a system using transfer prices; see transfer
Clearing House Automated Payments System (CHAPS)
A computerized clearing system for sterling funds
Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS)
An international wire transfer system for high-value
A strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both
a foundation for the compensation plan that addresses the role compensation should play in the organization
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
an organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company
A firm engaged in two or more unrelated businesses.
A merger involving two or more firms that are in unrelated businesses.
The percentage tax charged by a state to an employer to
The acquisition of one firm by anther firm.
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
A legal document creating a corporation.
One of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Corporate processing float
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
cost control system
a logical structure of formal and/or informal
cost leadership strategy
a plan to achieve the position in a
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
The nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the
Annual interest payment as a percentage of face value.
Covered call writing strategy
A strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor
Covered or hedge option strategies
Strategies that involve a position in an option as well as a position in the
The interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy.
The exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates
The return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value.
Current Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
Refers to multi-period cash flow matching.
Deferred Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
Deferred Tax Liability
Future tax obligation that results from the origination of a temporary
A non-cash expense that provides a source of free cash flow. Amount allocated during the
Depreciation tax shield
The value of the tax write-off on depreciation of plant and equipment.
depreciation tax shield
Reduction in taxes attributable to the depreciation allowance.
a technique for avoiding competition by distinguishing a product or service from that of competitors through adding sufficient value (including quality and/or features) that customers are willing to pay
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
the rate of return used to discount future cash
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
A rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The fixed or floating rate paid on preferred stock based on par value.
Dollar-weighted rate of return
Also called the internal rate of return, the interest rate that will make the
Agreement between two countries that taxes paid abroad can be offset against
Du Pont system
A breakdown of ROE and ROA into component ratios.
Dupont system of financial control
Highlights the fact that return on assets (ROA) can be expressed in terms
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
The operating profit before deducting interest and tax.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.
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