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Definition of segment margin
the excess of revenues over direct variable expenses and avoidable fixed expenses for a particular segment
product line margin
see segment margin
After-tax profit margin
The ratio of net income to net sales.
Before-tax profit margin
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
Buy on margin
A transaction in which an investor borrows to buy additional shares, using the shares
The difference between variable revenue and variable cost.
Dollar safety margin
The dollar equivalent of the safety cushion for a portfolio in a contingent immunization
Effective margin (EM)
Used with SAT performance measures, the amount equaling the net earned spread, or
Gross profit margin
Gross profit divided by sales, which is equal to each sales dollar left over after paying
Initial margin requirement
When buying securities on margin, the proportion of the total market value of
Maintenance margin requirement
A sum, usually smaller than -but part of the original margin, which must
This allows investors to buy securities by borrowing money from a broker. The margin is the
Margin account (Stocks)
A leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of
A demand for additional funds because of adverse price movement. Maintenance margin
Margin requirement (Options)
The amount of cash an uncovered (naked) option writer is required to
Marginal tax rate
The tax rate that would have to be paid on any additional dollars of taxable income earned.
Market segmentation theory or preferred habitat theory
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the
Net operating margin
The ratio of net operating income to net sales.
Net profit margin
Net income divided by sales; the amount of each sales dollar left over after all expenses
Operating profit margin
The ratio of operating margin to net sales.
The margin needed to cover a specific new position. Related: margin, security deposit (initial)
Indicator of profitability. The ratio of earnings available to stockholders to net sales.
An additional required deposit to bring an investor's equity account up to the initial margin
The amount added to a lower figure to reach a higher figure, expressed as a percentage of the higher figure, e.g. the margin that profit represents as a percentage of selling price.
The cost of producing one extra unit.
Margin of safety
A measure of the difference between the anticipated and breakeven levels of activity.
An intermediate measure of profit equal to sales revenue
gross margin, or gross profit
This first-line measure of profit
The profit per unit sold of a product after deducting product
Profit Margin Ratio
A measure of how much profit is earned on each dollar of sales. It
the difference between selling price and
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
margin of safety
the excess of the budgeted or actual sales
product contribution margin
the difference between selling price and variable cost of goods sold
the ratio of income to sales
total contribution margin
see contribution margin
The margin that results when variable production costs are subtracted
Revenues less the cost of goods sold.
The incremental change in the unit cost of a product as a result of a
A portion of the financial statements that breaks out the results of
marginal tax rate
Additional taxes owed per dollar of additional income.
Marginal Propensity to Consume
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on consumption.
Marginal Propensity to Import
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on imports.
Marginal Propensity to Save
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is saved.
Marginal Tax Rate
Percent of an increase in income paid in tax.
EBITDA divided by total sales or total revenue.
Gross Profit Margin
Gross profit divided by revenue.
Margin Tax Rate
The tax rate applicable to the last unit of income.
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