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Definition of SBIC

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SBIC

Small Business Investment Company.



Related Terms:

Basic business strategies

Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its Business plan.


Blue-chip company

Large and creditworthy Company.


Business cycle

Repetitive cycles of economic expansion and recession.


Business Cycle

Fluctuations of GDP around its long-run trend, consisting of recession, trough, expansion, and peak.


Business Expansion Investment

The use of capital to create more money through the addition of fixed assets or through income producing vehicles.



Business failure

A Business that has terminated with a loss to creditors.


business intelligence (BI) system

a formal process for gathering and analyzing information and producing intelligence to meet decision making needs; requires information about
internal processes as well as knowledge, technologies, and competitors


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business process reengineering (BPR)

the process of combining information technology to create new and more effective
Business processes to lower costs, eliminate unnecessary
work, upgrade customer service, and increase
speed to market


Business risk

The risk that the cash flow of an issuer will be impaired because of adverse economic
conditions, making it difficult for the issuer to meet its operating expenses.


business-value-added activity

an activity that is necessary for the operation of the Business but for which a customer would not want to pay


capital investment analysis

Refers to various techniques and procedures
used to determine or to analyze future returns from an Investment
of capital in order to evaluate the capital recovery pattern and the
periodic earnings from the Investment. The two basic tools for capital
Investment analysis are (1) spreadsheet models (which I strongly prefer)
and (2) mathematical equations for calculating the present value or
internal rate of return of an Investment. Mathematical methods suffer
from a lack of information that the decision maker ought to consider. A
spreadsheet model supplies all the needed information and has other
advantages as well.


Capital Investments

Money used to purchase fixed assets for a Business, such as land, buildings, or machinery. Also, money invested in a Business on the understanding that it will be used to purchase permanent assets rather than to cover day-to-day operating expenses.


Commercial Business Loan (Credit Insurance)

An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for Business purposes.


Company Acquisitions

Assets acquired to create money. May include plant, machinery and equipment, shares of another Company etc.


company cost of capital

Expected rate of return demanded by investors in a Company, determined by the average risk of the Company’s assets and operations.


Company-specific risk

Related: Unsystematic risk


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Companyspecific Risk

See asset-specific risk


Cost company arrangement

Arrangement whereby the shareholders of a project receive output free of
charge but agree to pay all operating and financing charges of the project.



Depository Trust Company (DTC)

DTC is a user-owned securities depository which accepts deposits of
eligible securities for custody, executes book-entry deliveries and records book-entry pledges of securities in
its custody, and provides for withdrawals of securities from its custody.


Dividend reinvestment plan (DRP)

Automatic reInvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
Company's stock, often without commissions. Some plans provide for the purchase of additional shares at a
discount to market price. Dividend reInvestment plans allow shareholders to accumulate stock over the Long
term using dollar cost averaging. The DRP is usually administered by the Company without charges to the
holder.


Equity investment

Through equity Investment, investors gain part ownership of the corporation. The primary type of equity Investment is corporate stock.


Expected return on investment

The return one can expect to earn on an Investment. See: capital asset
pricing model.


Finance Company

Company engaged in making loans to individuals or Businesses. Unlike a bank, it does not receive deposits from the public.


Foreign direct investment (FDI)

The acquisition abroad of physical assets such as plant and equipment, with
operating control residing in the parent corporation.


Future investment opportunities

The options to identify additional, more valuable Investment opportunities
in the future that result from a current opportunity or operation.


guaranteed investment certificate (GIC)

A GIC is an Investment that gives you a guaranteed rate of return over a fixed period of time, usually between 30 days and 5 years. GICs are available from banks, trust companies, and other financial institutions.


Guaranteed investment contract (GIC)

A pure Investment product in which a life Company agrees, for a
single premium, to pay the principal amount of a predetermined annual crediting (interest) rate over the life of
the Investment, all of which is paid at the maturity date.


High-Risk Small Business

Firm viewed as being particularly subject to risk from an investors perspective.



Holding company

A corporation that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and
operations by influencing or electing its board of directors.


Insurance Company

A firm licensed to sell insurance to the public.


Intercompany loan

Loan made by one unit of a corporation to another unit of the same corporation.


Intercompany transaction

Transaction carried out between two units of the same corporation.


Internet business model

a model that involves
(1) few physical assets,
(2) little management hierarchy, and
(3) a direct pipeline to customers


Investment

The commitment of funds (capital) in anticipation of an increased
return of funds at some point in the future


Investment analysts

Related: financial analysts


Investment bank

Financial intermediaries who perform a variety of services, including aiding in the sale of
securities, facilitating mergers and other corporate reorganizations, acting as brokers to both individual and
institutional clients, and trading for their own accounts. Underwriters.


Investment Banker

Middleman between a corporation issuing new securities and the public. The middleman buys the securities issue outright and then resells it to customers. Also called an underwriter.


investment center

a responsibility center in which the manager
is responsible for generating revenues and planning
and controlling expenses and has the authority to acquire,
dispose of, and use plant assets to earn the highest rate
of return feasible on those assets within the confines and
to the support of the organization’s goals


Investment centre

A division or unit of an organization that is responsible for achieving an adequate return on
the capital invested in the division or unit.


investment decision

a judgment about which assets will be
acquired by an entity to achieve its stated objectives


Investment decisions

Decisions concerning the asset side of a firm's balance sheet, such as the decision to
offer a new product.


investment grade

Bonds rated Baa or above by Moody’s or BBB or above by Standard & Poor’s.


Investment grade bonds

A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
rating companies. For example, S&P classifies Investment grade bonds as BBB or higher, and Moodys'
classifies Investment grade bonds as Ba or higher. Related: High-yield bond.


Investment income

The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Investment management Also called portfolio management and money management, the process of
managing money.


Investment manager

Also called a portfolio manager and money manager, the individual who manages a
portfolio of Investments.


Investment product line (IPML)

The line of required returns for Investment projects as a function of beta
(nondiversifiable risk).


Investment Spending

Expenditures on capital goods including new housing. Financial ''Investments" and sales of existing assets are not included.


Investment tax credit

Proportion of new capital Investment that can be used to reduce a Company's tax bill
(abolished in 1986).


Investment Tax Credit

A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase Investment spending.


Investment trust

A closed-end fund regulated by the Investment Company Act of 1940. These funds have a
fixed number of shares which are traded on the secondary markets similarly to corporate stocks. The market
price may exceed the net asset value per share, in which case it is considered at a "premium." When the
market price falls below the NAV/share, it is at a "discount." Many closed-end funds are of a specialized
nature, with the portfolio representing a particular industry, country, etc. These funds are usually listed on US
and foreign exchanges.


Investment value

Related:straight value.


Investments

As a discipline, the study of financial securities, such as stocks and bonds, from the investor's
viewpoint. This area deals with the firm's financing decision, but from the other side of the transaction.


Legal investments

Investments that a regulated entity is permitted to make under the rules and regulations
that govern its investing.


limited liability company

an organizational form that is a hybrid of the corporate and partnership organizational
forms and used to limit the personal liability of the owners;
it is typically used by Small professional (such as accounting) firms


Mutually exclusive investment decisions

Investment decisions in which the acceptance of a project
precludes the acceptance of one or more alternative projects.


Net investment

Gross, or total, Investment minus depreciation.


Net Investment

Investment spending minus depreciation.


Net present value of future investments

The present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from
all of the firm's future Investments.


operating risk (business risk)

Risk in firm’s operating income.


Parent company

A Company that retains control over one or more other companies.


Passive investment management

Buying a well-diversified portfolio to represent a broad-based market
index without attempting to search out mispriced securities.


Passive investment strategy

See: passive management.


Political Business Cycle

A Business cycle caused by policies undertaken to help a government be re-elected.


postinvestment audit

the process of gathering information
on the actual results of a capital project and comparing
them to the expected results


qualified investments (Canada)

Qualified Investments is the term used for Investments that can be held in an RSP. These Investments generally include:
Canadian dollar savings accounts, guaranteed Investment certificates, term deposits
shares of Canadian and foreign companies listed on a prescribed stock exchange
shares of some over-the-counter U.S. and Canadian companies
shares of some Small Businesses
certain types of bonds and money-market Investments such as treasury bills, Canada Savings Bonds, Government of Canada bonds, provincial government bonds, Crown Corporation bonds, bonds issued by Canadian corporations listed on a prescribed stock exchange, and certain strip bonds
certain types of mortgages, including your own
certain covered call options, warrants and rights
certain mutual funds


Real Business Cycle Theory

Belief that Business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.


Regular Investment Plan (RIP)

A plan under which you may make regular deposits of the same amount to your Mutual Funds account once a month, once every 2 weeks, or once a week. You can also make regular deposits up to four times a month on any dates you choose.


reinvestment assumption

an assumption made about the rates of return that will be earned by intermediate cash flows from a capital project; NPV and PI assume reInvestment at the discount rate; IRR assumes reInvestment at the IRR


Reinvestment rate

The rate at which an investor assumes interest payments made on a debt security can be
reinvested over the life of that security.


Reinvestment risk

The risk that proceeds received in the future will have to be reinvested at a lower potential
interest rate.


REIT (real estate investment trust)

Real estate Investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
fund. REITs invest in real estate or loans secured by real estate and issue shares in such Investments.


REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)

A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
secured by any type of real property and issue multiple classes of ownership interests to investors in the form
of pass-through certificates, bonds, or other legal forms. A financing vehicle created under the Tax Reform
Act of 1986.


return on investment

a ratio that relates income generated
by an Investment center to the resources (or asset base)
used to produce that income


Return on investment (ROI)

Generally, book income as a proportion of net book value.


RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)

In its most basic form, the rate of return equals net income divided by the amount of money invested. It can be applied to a particular product or piece of equipment, or to a Business as a whole.


Return on investment (ROI)

The net profit after tax as a percentage of the shareholders’ Investment in the Business.


return on investment (ROI)

A very general concept that refers to some
measure of income, earnings, profit, or gain over a period of time
divided by the amount of capital invested during the period. It is almost
always expressed as a percent. For a Business, an important ROI measure
is its return on equity (ROE), which is computed by dividing its net
income for the period by its owners’ equity during the period.


service company

an individual or firm engaged in a high or moderate degree of conversion that results in service output


Short-term investment services

Services that assist firms in making short-term Investments.


Small-firm effect

The tendency of Small firms (in terms of total market capitalization) to outperform the
stock market (consisting of both large and Small firms).


Small issues exemption

Securities issues that involve less than $1.5 million are not required to file a
registration statement with the SEC. Instead, they are governed by Regulation A, for which only a brief
offering statement is needed.


Subsidiary company

A Company that is controlled by another Company through ownership
of the majority of its voting stock.


Trust Company

Organization usually combined with a commercial bank, which is engaged as a trustee for individuals or Businesses in the administration of Trust funds, estates, custodial arrangements, stock transfer and registration, and other related services.


Underinvestment problem

The mirror image of the asset substitution problem, wherein stockholders refuse
to invest in low-risk assets to avoid shifting wealth from themselves to the debtholders.
Underlying
The "something" that the parties agree to exchange in a derivative contract.


Unit investment trust

Money invested in a portfolio whose composition is fixed for the life of the fund.
Shares in a unit trust are called redeemable trust certificates, and they are sold at a premium above net asset value.


Zero-investment portfolio

A portfolio of zero net value established by buying and shorting component
securities, usually in the context of an arbitrage strategy.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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