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Definition of real options
options embedded in real assets.
After-tax real rate of return
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
Contracts with trigger points that, when crossed, automatically generate buying or selling of
Packages that involve the exchange of more than two currencies against a base currency at
Over-the-counter options, such as those offered by government and mortgage-backed
The options available to the seller of an interest rate futures contract, including the quality
Securities that give the holder the right to buy or sell a specified number of shares of stock, at
Margin requirement (Options)
The amount of cash an uncovered (naked) option writer is required to
A contract that, in exchange for the option price, gives the option buyer the right, but not
Options contract multiple
A constant, set at $100, which when multiplied by the cash index value gives the
Options on physicals
Interest rate options written on fixed-income securities, as opposed to those written on
Identifiable assets, such as buildings, equipment, patents, and trademarks, as distinguished from a
Wealth that can be represented in financial terms, such as savings account balances, financial
Real cash flow
A cash flow is expressed in real terms if the current, or date 0, purchasing power of the cash
Real exchange rates
Exchange rates that have been adjusted for the inflation differential between two countries.
Real interest rate
The rate of interest excluding the effect of inflation; that is, the rate that is earned in terms
The bid and offer prices at which a dealer could do "size." Quotes in the brokers market may
A real time stock or bond quote is one that states a security's most recent offer to sell or bid (buy).
Realized compound yield
Yield assuming that coupon payments are invested at the going market interest
The return that is actually earned over a given time period.
REIT (real estate investment trust)
real estate investment trust, which is similar to a closed-end mutual
REMIC (real estate mortgage investment conduit)
A pass-through tax entity that can hold mortgages
Real Interest Rate
The rate of interest paid on an investment adjusted for inflation
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
cafeteria plan a “menu” of fringe benefit options that include
cash or nontaxable benefits
net realizable value approach
a method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
real microprofit center
a center whose output has a market value
realized value approach
a method of accounting for byproducts or scrap that does not recognize any value for these products until they are sold; the value recognized
Net realizeable value
The expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or
Assets used to produce goods and services.
real interest rate
Rate at which the purchasing power of an investment increases.
real value of $1
Purchasing power–adjusted value of a dollar.
Exchange Rate, Real
The nominal exchange rate corrected for price level differences.
Interest Rate, Real
Nominal interest rate less expected inflation.
Measured in base year, or constant, dollars. Contrast with nominal.
Real Business Cycle Theory
Belief that business cycles arise from real shocks to the economy, such as technology advances and natural resource discoveries, and have little to do with monetary policy.
Real Exchange Rate
Exchange rate adjusted for relative price levels.
GDP expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal GDP by a price index.
Income expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing nominal income by a price index.
Real Money Supply
Money supply expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money supply by a price index.
Real Rate of Interest
See interest rate, real.
Wage expressed in base-year dollars, calculated by dividing the money wage by a price index.
Real Actions (Earnings) Management
Involves operational steps and not simply acceleration
Realized Gains and Losses
Increases or decreases in the fair value of an asset or a liability that
Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods and
services are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash.
A revenue transaction where goods and services are exchanged for cash or
A variety of options available to an investor to recover their invested capital and the return on their investment.
Net Realizable Value
Selling price of an asset less expenses of bringing the asset into a saleable state and expenses of the sale.
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