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Definition of Policy Year
Period between two policy anniversaries.
As the term dividend relates to a corporation's earnings, a dividend is an amount paid per share from a corporation's after tax profits. Depending on the type of share, it may or may not have the right to earn any dividends and corporations may reduce or even suspend dividend payments if they are not doing well. Some dividends are paid in the form of additional shares of the corporation. Dividends paid by Canadian corporations qualify for the dividend tax credit and are taxed at lower rates than other income.
A monetary policy of matching wage and price increases with money supply increases so that the real money supply does not fall and push the economy into recession.
The reference year when constructing a price index. By tradition it is given the value 100.
A policy designed to increase an economy's prosperity at the expense of another country's prosperity.
Decreasing inflation by immediately decreasing the money growth rate to a new, low rate. Contrast with gradualism.
Procedures followed by a firm in attempting to collect accounts receivables.
Procedures to collect and monitor receivables.
The representing of accounting information over multiple years as percentages
Standards set to determine the amount and nature of credit to extend to customers.
A company’s stated goal for how soon a customer order will be
Fiscal or monetary policy designed to influence aggregate demand for goods and services.
A policy that is a conscious, considered response to each situation as it arises. Contrast with policy rule.
An established guide for the firm to determine the amount of money it will pay as dividends.
This policy governs Canada Life's actions regarding distribution of dividends to policyholders. It's goal is to achieve a dividend distribution that is equitable and timely, and which gives full recognition of the need to ensure the ongoing solidity of the company. It also specifies that distribution to individual policyholders must be equitable between dividend classes and policyholder generations, and among policyholders within any class.
Treating cash flows as if they occur at the end of a year as opposed to the date
The accounting period adopted by a business for the production of its financial statements.
The use of government spending and taxing for the specific purpose of stabilizing the economy.
A change in government spending or taxing, designed to influence economic activity.
A 12 month period over which a company reports on the activities that
A policy designed to lower inflation without reducing aggregate demand. Wage/price controls are an example.
Insurance Policy (Credit Insurance)
A policy under which the insurance company promises to pay a benefit of the person who is insured.
Joint Policy Life
One insurance policy that covers two lives, and generally provides for payment at the time of the first insured's death. It could also be structured to pay on second death basis for estate planning purposes.
A course of action adopted by a financial institution to guide and usually determine present and future decisions in the light of given conditions.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the
Actions taken by the central bank to change the supply of money and the interest rate and thereby affect economic activity.
A type of insurance policy or annuity in which the owner does not receive dividends.
A policy offers the potential of sharing in the success of an insurance company through the receipt of dividends.
Perfect market view (of dividend policy)
Analysis of a decision on dividend policy, in a perfect capital
A written document that serves as evidence of insurance coverage and contains pertinent information about the benefits, coverage and owner, as well as its associated directives and obligations.
Policy Acquisition Costs
Costs incurred by insurance companies in signing new policies, including expenditures on commissions and other selling expenses, promotion expenses, premium
yearly event linked to a policy. Usually the date issued.
Policy asset allocation
A long-term asset allocation method, in which the investor seeks to assess an
Date on which the insurance company assumes responsibilities for the obligations outlined in a policy.
This is an administrative fee which is part of most life insurance policies. It ranges from about $40 to as much as $100 per year per policy. It is not a separate fee. It is incorporated in the regular monthly, quarterly, semi-annual or annual payment that you make for your policy. Knowing about this hidden fee is important because some insurance companies offer a policy fee discount on additional policies purchased under certain conditions. Sometimes they reduce the policy fee or waive it altogether on one or more additional policies purchased at the same time and billed to the same address. The rules are slightly different depending on the insurance company. There could be enormous savings if several people in the same family or business were intending to purchase coverage at the same time.
Administrative charge included in a policy Premium.
Theory that anticipated policy has no effect on output.
A formula for determining policy. Contrast with discretionary policy.
This is the person who owns a life insurance policy. This is usually the insured person, but it may also be a relative of the insured, a partnership or a corporation. There are instances in marriage breakup (or relationship breakup with dependent children) where appropriate life insurance on the support provider, owned and paid for by the ex-spouse receiving the support is an acceptable method of ensuring future security.
The person who owns and holds all rights under the policy, including the power to name and change beneficiaries, make a policy loan, assign the policy to a financial institution as collateral for a loan, withdraw funds or surrender the policy.
Restatement of Prior-Year Financial Statements
A recasting of prior-year financial statements to remove the effects of an error or other adjustment and report them on a new basis.
Signaling view (on dividend policy)
The argument that dividend changes are important signals to investors
An accelerated depreciation method that makes the sum of the digits in an asset’s expected
Method of accelerated depreciation.
Tax differential view ( of dividend policy)
The view that shareholders prefer capital gains over dividends,
Tax-Related Incomes Policy (TIP)
Tax incentives for labor and business to induce them to conform to wage/price guidelines.
Traditional view (of dividend policy)
An argument that "within reason," investors prefer large dividends to
Variable life insurance policy
A whole life insurance policy that provides a death benefit dependent on the
Yearly Renewable Term Insurance
Sometimes, simply called YRT, this is a form of term life insurance that may be renewed annually without evidence of insurability to a stated age.
yearly amount payable by a client for a policy or component.
A contract which provides an income for a specified period of time, such as a certain number of years or for life. An annuity is like a life insurance policy in reverse. The purchaser gives the life insurance company a lump sum of money and the life insurance company pays the purchaser a regular income, usually monthly.
Group Life Insurance
This is a very common form of life insurance which is found in employee benefit plans and bank mortgage insurance. In employee benefit plans the form of this insurance is usually one year renewable term insurance. The cost of this coverage is based on the average age of everyone in the group. Therefore a group of young people would have inexpensive rates and an older group would have more expensive rates.
This clause in regular life insurance policy provides for voiding the contract of insurance for up to two years from the date of issue of the coverage if the life insured has failed to disclose important information or if there has been a misrepresentation of a material fact which would have prevented the coverage from being issued in the first place. After the end of two years from issue, a misrepresentation of smoking habits or age can still void or change the policy.
Level Premium Life Insurance
This is a type of insurance for which the cost is distributed evenly over the premium payment period. The premium remains the same from year to year and is more than actual cost of protection in the earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost of protection in the later years. The excess paid in the early years builds up a reserve to cover the higher cost in the later years.
Some insurance companies include this benefit option at no cost to their policy holders. The insurer considers on a case to case basis, the need for insurance funds before death. If the insured can demonstrate a shortened life of less than two years and with some insurers one year, the insurer will consider releasing up to 50% or a maximum of $100,000 of the life insurance coverage held by the insured. Not all insurers offer this benefit for free. The need has resulted in specific stand alone living benefit/critical illness policies coming into existence. Look under "Different types of Life Insurance" for further information. You might have heard of "Viatical Settlements", the practice of seriously ill people selling the rights to their life insurance policies to third parties. This practice is common in the United States but has not caught on in Canada.
Commonly sold in the form of reducing term life insurance by lending institutions, this is life insurance with a death benefit reducing to zero over a specific period of time, usually 20 to 25 years. In most instances, the cost of coverage remains level, while the death benefit continues to decline. Re-stated, the cost of this kind of insurance is actually increasing since less death benefit is paid as the outstanding mortgage balance decreases while the cost remains the same. Lending institutions are the most popular sources for this kind of coverage because it is usually sold during the purchase of a new mortgage. The untrained institution mortgage sales person often gives the impression that this is the only place mortgage insurance can be purchased but it is more efficiently purchased at a lower cost and with more flexibility, directly from traditional life insurance companies. No matter where it is purchased, the reducing term insurance death benefit reduces over a set period of years. Most consumers are up-sizing their residences, not down-sizing, so it is likely that more coverage is required as years pass, rather than less coverage.
After premiums have been paid for a number of years, further annual premiums may be paid by the current dividends and the surrender of some of the paid-up additions which have built up in the policy. In effect, the policy can begin to pay for itself. Whether a policy becomes eligible for premium offset, the date on which it becomes eligible and whether it remains eligible once premium offset begins, will all depend on how the dividend scale changes over the years. Since dividends are not guaranteed, premium offset cannot be guaranteed either.
Generally, a suicide clause in a regular life insurance policy provides for voiding the contract of insurance if the life insured commits suicide within two years of the date of issue of the coverage.
Term life insurance
A contract that provides a death benefit but no cash build-up or investment component.
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