Financial Terms Point and figure chart

# Definition of Point and figure chart

## Point and figure chart

A financial chart usually used to plot asset price data.
Upward price movements are plotted as Xâ€™s and downward price movements
are plotted as Oâ€™s.

## Point and figure chart

A price-only chart that takes into account only whole integer changes in price, i.e., a
2-point change. point and figure charting disregards the element of time and is solely used to record changes
in price.

# Related Terms:

## Basis point

In the bond market, the smallest measure used for quoting yields is a basis point. Each percentage
point of yield in bonds equals 100 basis points. Basis points also are used for interest rates. An interest rate of
5% is 50 basis points greater than an interest rate of 4.5%.

## Bond points

A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at \$10 and equivalent to 1% of the \$100 face
value of the bond. A price of 80 means that the bond is selling at 80% of its face, or par value.

## Cash-flow break-even point

The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
or to liquidate some of its assets to meet its fixed costs.

## Chartists

Related: technical analysts.

## Corporate charter

A legal document creating a corporation.

## Delivery points

Those points designated by futures exchanges at which the financial instrument or
commodity covered by a futures contract may be delivered in fulfillment of such contract.

## Point

The smallest unit of price change quoted or, one one-hundredth of a percent. Related: minimum price
fluctuation and tick.

## Price value of a basis point (PVBP)

Also called the dollar value of a basis point, a measure of the change in
the price of the bond if the required yield changes by one basis point.

## Breakeven point

The point at which total costs equal total revenue, i.e. where there is neither a profit nor a loss.

## breakeven point

The annual sales volume level at which total contribution
margin equals total annual fixed expenses. The breakeven point is only a
point of reference, not the goal of a business, of course. It is computed by
dividing total fixed expenses by unit margin. The breakeven point is
quite useful in analyzing profit behavior and operating leverage. Also, it
gives manager a good point of reference for setting sales goals and
understanding the consequences of incurring fixed costs for a period.

## Basis Point

One one-hundredth of one percent

## break-even chart

a graph that depicts the relationships among revenues, variable costs, fixed costs, and profits (or losses)

## break-even point (BEP)

the level of activity, in units or dollars, at which total revenues equal total costs

## control chart

a graphical presentation of the results of a
specified activity; it indicates the upper and lower control
limits and those results that are out of control

## order point

the level of inventory that triggers the placement
of an order for additional units; it is determined based
on usage, lead time, and safety stock

## organization chart

a depiction of the functions, divisions,
and positions of the people/jobs in a company and how
they are related; it also indicates the lines of authority and
responsibility

## split-off point

the point at which the outputs of a joint process are first identifiable or can be separated as individual products

## value chart

a visual representation indicating the valueadded
and non-value-added activities and time spent in
those activities from the beginning to the end of a process

## Basis point

One hundredth of one percentage point, or 0.0001.

## Bollinger band chart

A financial chart that plots actual asset data along
with three other bands of data: the upper band is two standard deviations
above a user-specified moving average; the lower band is two standard
deviations below that moving average; and the middle band is the moving
average itself.

## Candlestick chart

A financial chart usually used to plot the high, low, open,
and close price of a security over time. The body of the â€ścandleâ€ť is the region
between the open and close price of the security. Thin vertical lines extend up
to the high and down to the low, respectively. If the open price is greater than
the close price, the body is empty. If the close price is greater than the open

## High-low-close chart

A financial chart usually used to plot the high, low,
open, and close price of a security over time. Plots are vertical lines whose top
is the high, bottom is the low, open is a short horizontal tick to the left, and
close is a short horizontal tick to the right.

## Moving-averages chart

A financial chart that plots leading and lagging
moving averages for prices or values of an asset.

## Breakeven point

The sales level at which a company, division, or product line makes a
profit of exactly zero, and is computed by dividing all fixed costs by the average
gross margin percentage.

## Chart of accounts

A listing of all accounts used in the general ledger, usually sorted in
order of account number.

## Split-off point

The point in a production process when clearly identifiable joint costs
can be identified within the process.

## Basis Point

One one-hundredth of a percentage point, used to express variations in yields. For example, the difference between 5.36 percent and 5.38 percent is 2 basis points.

## Turning Point

The trough or peak of a business cycle.

## Free-on-Board (FOB) Shipping Point

A shipping arrangement agreed to between buyer and
seller where title to the goods sold passes when the goods in question are delivered to a common
carrier. When goods are shipped FOB shipping point, revenue is properly recognized when the
goods are delivered to the common carrier.

## Order penetration point

The point in the production process when a product is
reserved for a specific customer.

## Outbound stock point

A designated inventory location on the shop floor between
operations where inventory is stockpiled until needed by the next operation.

## Point-of-use delivery

A delivery of stock to a location in or near the shop floor
adjacent to its area of use.

## Point-of-use storage

The storage of stock in a location in or near the shop floor
adjacent to its area of use.

## Stockpoint

An inventory storage area used for short-term inventory staging.

## point of sale (POS)

The terminal at which a customer uses his/her debit card to make a direct payment transaction. See also Interac Direct Payment.