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Definition of Market-book ratio
market price of a share divided by book value per share.
Measure of the book value of a company on a per share basis. It is
Capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
Clause causing repayment of a debt, if specified events occur or are not met.
Belief that an effort to keep unemployment below its natural rate results in an accelerating inflation.
A ratio computed by dividing annual
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
See quick ratio
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
Cash flow provided by operating
The signal-to-noise ratio of an analyst's forecasts. The ratio of alpha to residual standard
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
Basic Earnings Power Ratio
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
Benefit Ratio Method
The proportion of unemployment benefits paid to a company’s
Benefit Wage Ratio Method
The proportion of total taxable wages for laid off
An illegal market.
A banker or trader's positions.
cash A firm's cash balance as reported in its financial statements. Also called ledger cash.
The Treasury and federal agencies are moving to a book-entry system in which securities are not represented by engraved pieces of paper but are maintained in computerized records at the
Pretax income reported on the income statement.
The amount of money invested in inventory, as per a company’s
The cumulative book income plus any gain or loss on disposition of the assets on termination of the SAT.
book rate of return
Accounting income divided by book value.
book yield is the investment income earned in a year on a portfolio of assets purchased over a number of years and at different interest rates, divided by the book value of those assets.
The managing underwriter for a new issue. The book runner maintains the book of securities sold.
A company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A
An asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
The value of an asset as carried on the balance sheet of a
An asset’s original cost, less any depreciation that has been subsequently incurred.
Net worth of the firm’s assets or liabilities according
book value and book value per share
Generally speaking, these terms
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. book value equals:
Book value per share
The ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. book value
Book Value per Share
The book value of a company divided by the number of shares
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
The market in which investors buy and sell shares of companies, normally associated with a Stock Exchange.
A market that specializes in trading long-term, relatively high risk
The market in which savings are made available to those needing funds to undertake investment projects. A financial market in which longer-term (maturity greater than one year) bonds and stocks are traded.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
markets for long-term financing.
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
a condition that exists when there is an
Limit set on the amount of funds available for investment.
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
An agreement between two or more countries that permits the free movement of capital
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Common stock ratios
ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
A review of all engineering documentation used as the basis
Verifying that a delivered product matches authorizing
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
The number of shares of common stock that the security holder will receive from
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
A legal "person" that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is allowed to own
A legal entity, organized under state laws, whose investors purchase
Business owned by stockholders who are not personally
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
Restriction of loans by lenders so that not all borrowers willing to pay the current interest rate are able to obtain loans.
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
A ratio that shows how many times a company could pay its current debts if it used its current assets to pay them. The formula:
Calculated to assess the short-term solvency, or debt-paying
A measure of the ability of a company to use its current assets to
Current assets divided by current liabilities. This ratio indicates the extent to which the claims of short-term creditors are covered by assets expected to be converted to cash in the near future.
Customary payout ratios
A range of payout ratios that is typical based on an analysis of comparable firms.
Days' sales in inventory ratio
The average number of days' worth of sales that is held in inventory.
A market where traders specializing in particular commodities buy and sell assets for their
Indicator of financial leverage. Compares assets provided by creditors to assets provided
A comparison of debt to equity in a company's capital structure.
The market for trading debt instruments.
Total debt divided by total assets.
The percentage of debt that is used in the total capitalization of a
Debt-service coverage ratio
Earnings before interest and income taxes plus one-third rental charges, divided
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