|Low price-earnings ratio effect|
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Definition of Low price-earnings ratio effect
Low price-earnings ratio effect
The tendency of portfolios of stocks with a low price-earnings ratio to
Capital rationing that under certain circumstances can be violated or even viewed
The use of various forms of gimmickry to distort a company's true financial performance in order to achieve a desired result.
A characterization used by the Securities and Exchange
Clause causing repayment of a debt, if specified events occur or are not met.
Belief that an effort to keep unemployment below its natural rate results in an accelerating inflation.
earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
A ratio computed by dividing annual
Also called the quick ratio, the ratio of current assets minus inventories, accruals, and prepaid
A ratio that shows how well a company could pay its current debts using only its most liquid or “quick” assets. It’s a more pessimistic—but also realistic—measure of safety than the current ratio, because it ignores sluggish, hard-toliquidate current assets like inventory and notes receivable. Here’s the formula:
See quick ratio
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
Cash flow provided by operating
Net income adjusted to exclude selected nonrecurring and noncash items of reserve, gain, expense, and loss.
An offset to the accounts receivable balance, against which
A contra account related to accounts receivable that represents the amounts that the company expects will not be collected.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
An estimate of the uncollectible portion of accounts receivable
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected based on company experience.
Result of a transaction that increases earnings per common share (e.g. by decreasing the
The signal-to-noise ratio of an analyst's forecasts. The ratio of alpha to residual standard
Arm's length price
The price at which a willing buyer and a willing unrelated seller would freely agree to
Articles of incorporation
Legal document establishing a corporation and its structure and purpose.
A dealer's price to sell a security; also called the offer price.
Asset activity ratios
ratios that measure how effectively the firm is managing its assets.
The ratio of total assets to stockholder equity.
asset turnover ratio
A broad-gauge ratio computed by dividing annual
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
basic earnings per share (EPS)
This important ratio equals the net
Basic Earnings Power Ratio
Percentage of earnings relative to total assets; indication of how
price expressed in terms of yield to maturity or annual rate of return.
Benefit Ratio Method
The proportion of unemployment benefits paid to a company’s
Benefit Wage Ratio Method
The proportion of total taxable wages for laid off
This is the quoted bid, or the highest price an investor is willing to pay to buy a security. Practically
A steep and rapid increase in price followed by a steep and rapid drop. This is an indicator seen
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
The tendency of stocks to perform differently at different times, including such anomalies as
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation
Better known as CDIC, this is an organization which insures qualifying deposits and GICs at savings institutions, mainly banks and trust companys, which belong to the CDIC for amounts up to $60,000 and for terms of up to five years. Many types of deposits are not insured, such as mortgage-backed deposits, annuities of duration of more than five years, and mutual funds.
Capital Consumption Allowance
Capital Cost Allowance (CCA)
The annual depreciation expense allowed by the Canadian Income Tax Act.
Purchase by foreigners of our assets (capital inflows) or our purchase of foreign assets (capital outflows).
Placing one or more limits on the amount of new investment undertaken by a firm, either
a condition that exists when there is an
Limit set on the amount of funds available for investment.
Also called financial leverage ratios, these ratios compare debt to total capitalization
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
the receipt or disbursement of cash; when related
Cash received and paid over time.
In investments, NET INCOME plus DEPRECIATION and other noncash charges. In this sense, it is synonymous with CASH earnings. Investors focus on cash flow from operations because of their concern with a firm's ability to pay dividends.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash Flow Forecast
An estimate of the timing and amount of a company's inflows and outflows of money measured over a specific period of time typically monthly for one to two years then annually for an additional one to three years.
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
Cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities
With some exceptions, the cash effects of transactions
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Financing Activities
Cash receipts and payments involving
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Investing Activities
Cash receipts and payments involving
A statement that shows where a company’s cash came from and where it went for a period of time, such as a year.
Cash Flow statement
A financial report that shows the movement in cash for a business during an accounting period.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cash-flow statement that shows how much cash a company raised by selling stocks or bonds this year and how much was paid out for cash dividends and other finance-related obligations.
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cashflow statement that shows how much cash came in and went out because of various investing activities like purchasing machinery.
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
ratio of cash and cash equivalents to liabilities; in the case of a bank, the ratio of cash to total deposit liabilities.
Income payments to factors of production are spent to buy output. The receipts from these sales are used to pay factors of production, creating a circular flow of income.
Bond price excluding accrued interest.
The grouping of investors who have a preference that the firm follow a particular financing
Refers to the fact that the merger of two firms decreases the probability of default on
Common stock ratios
ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Movement of cash from different lockbox locations into a single concentration
A review of all engineering documentation used as the basis
Verifying that a delivered product matches authorizing
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
An index calculated by tracking the cost of a typical bundle of consumer goods and services over time. It is commonly used to measure inflation.
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
Controlled foreign corporation (CFC)
A foreign corporation whose voting stock is more than 50% owned
Conversion parity price
Related:Market conversion price
The number of shares of common stock that the security holder will receive from
The contractually specified price per share at which a convertible security can be
A measure of earnings that includes only the results of the primary operating
A legal "person" that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is allowed to own
A legal entity, organized under state laws, whose investors purchase
Business owned by stockholders who are not personally
The net present value of an investment divided by the investment's initial cost. Also called
Cost Plus Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings
Revenue recognized to date under the percentage-of-completion method in excess of amounts billed. Also known as unbilled accounts
ratios used to test the adequacy of cash flows generated through earnings for purposes of
Restriction of loans by lenders so that not all borrowers willing to pay the current interest rate are able to obtain loans.
The cumulative, after-tax, prior-year effect of a change in accounting
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
The change in earnings of previous years
Cumulative Effect of Accounting Change
The change in earnings of previous years assuming
Indicator of short-term debt paying ability. Determined by dividing current assets by current
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