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Definition of least squares regression analysis
least squares regression analysis
a statistical technique that investigates the association between dependent and independent variables; it determines the line of "best fit" for a set of observations by minimizing the sum of the squares
the degree of variability or difference; it is measured
see least squares regression analysis
the process of detailing the various repetitive actions that are performed in making a product or
A method developed by BARRA, a consulting firm in
An analysis of the level of sales at which a project would make zero profit.
analysis of the level of sales at which the company breaks even.
An analytical technique for studying the relationships between fixed cost, variable cost, and profits. A breakeven chart graphically depicts the nature of breakeven analysis. The breakeven point represents the volume of sales at which total costs equal total revenues (that is, profits equal zero).
Refers to various techniques and procedures
A statistical technique that identifies clusters of stocks whose returns are highly correlated
The representing of accounting information over multiple years as percentages
A method of analysis in which a firm is compared to others that have a desired
an analytical technique that uses statistical
The calculation and comparison of the costs and benefits of a policy or project.
relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
the process of investigating, quantifying,
Cost–volume–profit analysis (CVP)
A method for understanding the relationship between revenue, cost and sales volume.
The process of analyzing information on companies and bond issues in order to estimate the
Procedure to determine the likelihood a customer will pay its bills.
A statistical process that links the probability of default to a specified set of financial ratios.
A statistical procedure that seeks to explain a certain phenomenon, such as the return on a
The examination of failure incidents to identify components
Financial Trend Analysis
Process of analyzing financial statements of a company for any continuing relationship.
A time series regression to estimate the betas of securities portfolios.
Security analysis that seeks to detect misvalued securities by an analysis of the firm's
An analysis of returns using total return to assess performance over some investment horizon.
The process of dividing each expense item of a given year by the same expense item in
a process of evaluating changes that
A statistical technique for fitting a straight line to a set of data points.
Log-linear least-squares method
A statistical technique for fitting a curve to a set of data points. One of the
Evaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes.
Multiple-discriminant analysis (MDA)
Statistical technique for distinguishing between two groups on the
The estimated relationship between a dependent variable and more than one explanatory variable.
a statistical technique that uses two or
Ordinary least squares (OLS)
regression analysis a statistical technique that minimizes the sum of the squared deviations between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables and provides the user
a method of ranking the causes of variation
The 80:20 ratio that states that 20% of the variables included in an
Performance attribution analysis
The decomposition of a money manager's performance results to explain
Pro forma capital structure analysis
A method of analyzing the impact of alternative capital structure
A method of analysing financial reports to interpret trends and make comparisons by using ratios – two numbers, with one generally expressed as a percentage of the other.
A method of relating numbers from the various financial statements to one another in order to get meaningful information for comparison.
The process of using financial ratios, calculated from key accounts
A statistical technique that can be used to estimate relationships between variables.
Statistical analysis techniques that quantify the
An equation that describes the average relationship between a dependent variable and a
any line that goes through the means (or averages) of the set of observations for an independent variable and its dependent variables; mathematically, there is a line of “best fit,” which is the least squares regression line
Regression toward the mean
The tendency for subsequent observations of a random variable to be closer to its mean.
The use of horizon analysis to project bond total returns under different reinvestment rates
Project analysis given a particular combination of assumptions.
Second pass regression
A cross-sectional regression of portfolio returns on betas. The estimated slope is the
analysis of the effect on a project's profitability due to changes in sales, cost, and so on.
An approach to understanding how changes in one variable of cost–volume–profit analysis are affected by changes in the other variables.
a process of determining the amount of change that must occur in a variable before a different decision would be made
analysis of the effects of changes in sales, costs, and so on, on project profitability.
Simple linear regression
A regression analysis between only two variables, one dependent and the other explanatory.
a statistical technique that uses only one independent variable to predict a dependent variable
Estimation of the probabilities of different possible outcomes, e.g., from an investment project.
Security analysis that seeks to detect and interpret patterns in past security prices.
A method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved.
the process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences
The process of dividing each expense item in the income statement of a given year by net
A financial analysis technique that relates key amounts on the income statement and balance sheet to a 100 percent or base figure for the present and previous year.
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