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Definition of Horizontal analysis
The process of dividing each expense item of a given year by the same expense item in
BARRA's performance analysis (PERFAN)
A method developed by BARRA, a consulting firm in
An analysis of the level of sales at which a project would make zero profit.
A statistical technique that identifies clusters of stocks whose returns are highly correlated
The representing of accounting information over multiple years as percentages
Comparative credit analysis
A method of analysis in which a firm is compared to others that have a desired
The process of analyzing information on companies and bond issues in order to estimate the
A statistical process that links the probability of default to a specified set of financial ratios.
A statistical procedure that seeks to explain a certain phenomenon, such as the return on a
Security analysis that seeks to detect misvalued securities by an analysis of the firm's
An analysis of returns using total return to assess performance over some investment horizon.
Merger between two companies producing similar goods or services.
A merger involving two or more firms in the same industry that are both at the same
The simultaneous purchase and sale of two options that differ only in their exercise date.
Evaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes.
Multiple-discriminant analysis (MDA)
Statistical technique for distinguishing between two groups on the
Performance attribution analysis
The decomposition of a money manager's performance results to explain
Pro forma capital structure analysis
A method of analyzing the impact of alternative capital structure
A statistical technique that can be used to estimate relationships between variables.
The use of horizon analysis to project bond total returns under different reinvestment rates
analysis of the effect on a project's profitability due to changes in sales, cost, and so on.
Security analysis that seeks to detect and interpret patterns in past security prices.
The process of dividing each expense item in the income statement of a given year by net
A financial analysis technique that relates key amounts on the income statement and balance sheet to a 100 percent or base figure for the present and previous year.
Cost–volume–profit analysis (CVP)
A method for understanding the relationship between revenue, cost and sales volume.
A method of analysing financial reports to interpret trends and make comparisons by using ratios – two numbers, with one generally expressed as a percentage of the other.
An approach to understanding how changes in one variable of cost–volume–profit analysis are affected by changes in the other variables.
A method of budgetary control that compares actual performance against plan, investigates the causes of the variance and takes corrective action to ensure that targets are achieved.
A method of relating numbers from the various financial statements to one another in order to get meaningful information for comparison.
capital investment analysis
Refers to various techniques and procedures
The process of using financial ratios, calculated from key accounts
the process of detailing the various repetitive actions that are performed in making a product or
an analytical technique that uses statistical
cost-benefit analysis the analytical process of comparing the
relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
cost driver analysis
the process of investigating, quantifying,
a process of evaluating changes that
least squares regression analysis
a statistical technique that investigates the association between dependent and independent variables; it determines the line of "best fit" for a set of observations by minimizing the sum of the squares
a method of ranking the causes of variation
a process of determining the amount of change that must occur in a variable before a different decision would be made
the process of categorizing the nature (favorable or unfavorable) of the differences between standard and actual costs and determining the reasons for those differences
Statistical analysis techniques that quantify the
The 80:20 ratio that states that 20% of the variables included in an
analysis of the level of sales at which the company breaks even.
Procedure to determine the likelihood a customer will pay its bills.
Project analysis given a particular combination of assumptions.
analysis of the effects of changes in sales, costs, and so on, on project profitability.
Estimation of the probabilities of different possible outcomes, e.g., from an investment project.
The calculation and comparison of the costs and benefits of a policy or project.
The examination of failure incidents to identify components
An analytical technique for studying the relationships between fixed cost, variable cost, and profits. A breakeven chart graphically depicts the nature of breakeven analysis. The breakeven point represents the volume of sales at which total costs equal total revenues (that is, profits equal zero).
Financial Trend Analysis
Process of analyzing financial statements of a company for any continuing relationship.
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