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Definition of credit analysis
Procedure to determine the likelihood a customer will pay its bills.
The process of analyzing information on companies and bond issues in order to estimate the
A method of analysis in which a firm is compared to others that have a desired
Provides additional financial security should an insured person be dismembered or lose the use of a limb as the result of an accident.
the process of detailing the various repetitive actions that are performed in making a product or
Refers to the reduction of debt by regular payments of interest and principal in order to pay off a loan by maturity.
A method developed by BARRA, a consulting firm in
The person or party designated to receive proceeds entitled by a benefit. Payment of a benefit is triggered by an event. In the case of credit insurance, the beneficiary will always be the creditor.
The requirement that a claim holder voting against a plan of reorganization
A consumer who borrows money from a lender.
An analysis of the level of sales at which a project would make zero profit.
analysis of the level of sales at which the company breaks even.
An analytical technique for studying the relationships between fixed cost, variable cost, and profits. A breakeven chart graphically depicts the nature of breakeven analysis. The breakeven point represents the volume of sales at which total costs equal total revenues (that is, profits equal zero).
Refers to various techniques and procedures
A statistical technique that identifies clusters of stocks whose returns are highly correlated
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.
The representing of accounting information over multiple years as percentages
credit granted by a firm to consumers for the purchase of goods or services. Also called
Consumer Credit Protection Act
A federal Act specifying the proportion of
an analytical technique that uses statistical
The calculation and comparison of the costs and benefits of a policy or project.
cost-benefit analysis the analytical process of comparing the
relative costs and benefits that result from a specific course
cost driver analysis
the process of investigating, quantifying,
Cost–volume–profit analysis (CVP)
A method for understanding the relationship between revenue, cost and sales volume.
Buying or selling goods or services now with the intention of payment following at some time in
One side of a journal entry, usually depicted as the right side.
A rating of a company's credit (ability to payback debt), usually by a third party credit agency.
On your bank statement, 'credit' represents funds that you have deposited into your account. The opposite of a credit is a debit.
An organization that provides financial institutions with credit information concerning existing or potential customers who are looking to obtain credit services.
A revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit. You have to pay interest on a credit card if you have an outstanding balance.
A decline in the ability or willingness of banks to lend.
Purchase of the financial guarantee of a large insurance company to raise funds.
A loan receivable that has proven uncollectible and is written off.
A record of the funds which have been credited to your account.
The length of time for which the customer is granted credit.
Standards set to determine the amount and nature of credit to extend to customers.
Restriction of loans by lenders so that not all borrowers willing to pay the current interest rate are able to obtain loans.
The risk that an issuer of debt securities or a borrower may default on his obligations, or that the
Financial and moral risk that an obligation will not be paid and a loss will result.
A statistical technique wherein several financial characteristics are combined to form a single
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
credit unions are community based financial co-operatives and most offer a full range of services. All are owned and controlled by members who are also shareholders. credit unions are regulated provincially and insured by a stabilization fund, deposit insurance or guarantee corporation.
The interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy.
Lender of money.
Person or business that is owed money.
Creditor (Credit Insurance)
A lender or lending institution that offers financing and loans to a borrower, for the purpose of acquiring a commodity.
Creditor Proof Protection
The creditor proof status of such things as life insurance, non-registered life insurance investments, life insurance RRSPs and life insurance RRIFs make these attractive products for high net worth individuals, professionals and business owners who may have creditor concerns. Under most circumstances the creditor proof rules of the different provincial insurance acts take priority over the federal bankruptcy rules.
Purchases of goods or services from suppliers on credit to whom the debt is not yet paid. Or a
Critical Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become seriously ill with a specified illness. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
Debt (Credit Insurance)
Money, goods or services that someone is obligated to pay someone else in accordance with an expressed or implied agreement. Debt may or may not be secured.
Demand line of credit
A bank line of credit that enables a customer to borrow on a daily or on-demand basis.
Disability Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group Insurance designed to cover monthly obligations due to a borrower being unable to work due to sickness or injury.
A statistical process that links the probability of default to a specified set of financial ratios.
Intermediate-term loans of Eurocurrencies made by banking syndicates to corporate and
Revolving credit without maturity.
Export Credit Insurance
The granting of insurance to cover the commercial and political risks of selling in foreign markets.
A statistical procedure that seeks to explain a certain phenomenon, such as the return on a
The examination of failure incidents to identify components
Federal credit agencies
Agencies of the federal government set up to supply credit to various classes of
Financial Trend Analysis
Process of analyzing financial statements of a company for any continuing relationship.
Five Cs of credit
Five characteristics that are used to form a judgement about a customer's creditworthiness:
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
Formalized Line of Credit
A contractual commitment to make loans to a particular borrower up to a specified maximum during a specified period, usually one year.
Full Credit Period
The period of trade credit given by a supplier to its customer.
Full faith-and-credit obligations
The security pledges for larger municipal bond issuers, such as states and
Security analysis that seeks to detect misvalued securities by an analysis of the firm's
An analysis of returns using total return to assess performance over some investment horizon.
The process of dividing each expense item of a given year by the same expense item in
a process of evaluating changes that
Insurance Policy (Credit Insurance)
A policy under which the insurance company promises to pay a benefit of the person who is insured.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
Job Loss Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become involuntarily unemployed. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
Lease (Credit Insurance)
Contract granting use of real estate, equipment or other fixed assets for a specified period of time in exchange for payment. The owner or a leased property is the lessor and the user the lessee.
least squares regression analysis
a statistical technique that investigates the association between dependent and independent variables; it determines the line of "best fit" for a set of observations by minimizing the sum of the squares
Lender (Credit Insurance)
Individual or firm that extends money to a borrower with the expectation of being repaid, usually with interest. Lenders create debt in the form of loans. Lenders include financial institutions, leasing companies government lending agencies and automobile dealers.
Letter of credit (L/C)
A form of guarantee of payment issued by a bank used to guarantee the payment of
Letters of Credit
A letter of credit is a guarantee of payment by a bank (issuing institution)to a third party for a specific amount of money, if certain conditions are met.
Life Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group Term life insurance that pays or reduces the balance due on a loan if the borrower dies before the loan is repaid.
Line of credit
An informal arrangement between a bank and a customer establishing a maximum loan
Line of credit
An informal arrangement between a bank and a customer establishing a maximum loan
line of credit
Agreement by a bank that a company may borrow at any time up to an established limit.
Line of Credit
An agreement negotiated between a borrower and a lender which establishes the maximum amount against which a borrower may draw. The agreement also sets out other conditions, such as how and when money borrowed against the line of credit is to be repaid.
line of credit
A revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit. You access the funds only as you need them, and any amount that you pay back becomes accessible to you again. Unlike a personal loan, a line of credit permits you to write cheques and make bank machine withdrawals, and requires you to pay interest only on the funds that you actually use.
Evaluation of risky prospects based on the expected value and variance of possible outcomes.
Mortgage (Credit Insurance)
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for purposes of purchasing a loan secured by a home.
Mortgage Life insurance (Credit Insurance)
Decreasing term life insurance that provides a death benefit amount corresponding to the decreasing amount owed on a mortgage.
Multiple-discriminant analysis (MDA)
Statistical technique for distinguishing between two groups on the
Operating Line of Credit
A bank's commitment to make loans to a particular borrower up to a specified maximum for a specified period, usually one year.
a method of ranking the causes of variation
The 80:20 ratio that states that 20% of the variables included in an
Performance attribution analysis
The decomposition of a money manager's performance results to explain
Personal Line of credit (Credit Insurance)
A bank's commitment to make loans to a borrower up to a specified maximum during a specific period, usually one year.
personal line of credit (PLC)
A revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit. You access the funds only as you need them, and any amount that you pay back becomes accessible to you again. Unlike a personal loan, a PLC permits you to write cheques and make bank machine withdrawals, and requires you to pay interest only on the funds that you actually use.
Pre-existing medical condition (Credit Insurance)
A medical condition that existed before you became insured. Most policies exclude benefits if the condition is related to the event that triggers a claim if occurs within a certain period (6-12 months) after you became insured.
Premium (Credit Insurance)
Annual or monthly amounts payable, by a client, for a selected insurance coverage to insure debt obligations to their creditors are protected.
Pro forma capital structure analysis
A method of analyzing the impact of alternative capital structure
A method of analysing financial reports to interpret trends and make comparisons by using ratios – two numbers, with one generally expressed as a percentage of the other.
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