|job order costing system|
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Definition of job order costing system
job order costing system
a system of product costing used
A method of costing in which all fixed and variable production costs are charged to products or services using an allocation base.
a cost accumulation and reporting
A methodology under which all manufacturing costs are assigned
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
A method of costing that uses cost pools to accumulate the cost of significant business activities and then assigns the costs from the cost pools to products or services based on cost drivers.
A relatively new method advocated for the
a process using multiple cost drivers to predict and allocate costs to products and services;
A cost allocation system that compiles costs and assigns
a valuation method that uses actual direct
an extension of activitybased costing using cost-benefit analysis (based on increased customer utility) to choose the product attribute
A racking system using automated systems
a streamlined cost accounting method that speeds up, simplifies, and reduces accounting effort in an environment that minimizes inventory balances, requires
a formal process for gathering and analyzing information and producing intelligence to meet decision making needs; requires information about
A conditional trading order that indicates a security may be purchased only at the designated
a system using transfer prices; see transfer
Clearing House Automated Payments System (CHAPS)
A computerized clearing system for sterling funds
Clearing House Interbank Payments System (CHIPS)
An international wire transfer system for high-value
cost control system
a logical structure of formal and/or informal
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Refers to the volatility of returns on international investments caused by events associated
An order to buy or sell stock that automatically expires if it can't be executed on the day it is entered.
see variable costing
A costing methodology that only assigns direct labor and material costs
Discrete order picking
A picking method requiring the sequential completion of
Du Pont system
A breakdown of ROE and ROA into component ratios.
Dupont system of financial control
Highlights the fact that return on assets (ROA) can be expressed in terms
economic order quantity
order size that minimizes total inventory costs.
Economic order quantity (EOQ)
The order quantity that minimizes total inventory costs.
economic order quantity (EOQ)
an estimate of the number
Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)
An electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government.
engineering change order (ECO)
a business mandate that changes the way in which a product is manufactured or a
enterprise resource planning (ERP) system
a packaged software program that allows a company to
Enterprise resource planning system
A computer system used to manage all company
European Monetary System (EMS)
An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
Federal Reserve System
The central bank of the U.S., established in 1913, and governed by the Federal
Federal Reserve System
The central banking authority responsible for monetary policy in the United States.
FIFO method (of process costing)
the method of cost assignment that computes an average cost per equivalent
Fill or kill order
A trading order that is canceled unless executed within a designated time period.
First in, first-out costing method (FIFO)
A process costing methodology that assigns the earliest
flexible manufacturing system (FMS)
a production system in which a single factory manufactures numerous variations
see absorption costing
hybrid costing system
a costing system combining characteristics
Imputation tax system
Arrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for
Canada's bank machine and electronic debit system. If you use your bank card at a bank machine which displays the Interac symbol (and that bank machine is not your bank's machine), you will be charged a fee.
a single unit or group of units identifiable as being produced
A distinctly identifiable batch of a product.
job cost record
see job order cost sheet
A method of accounting that accumulates the costs of a product/service that is produced either
Job Loss Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become involuntarily unemployed. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
job order cost sheet
a source document that provides virtually
Just-in-time inventory systems
systems that schedule materials/inventory to arrive exactly as they are
just-in-time manufacturing system
a production system that attempts to acquire components and produce inventory only as needed, to minimize product defects, and to
The process of continual cost reduction that occurs after a product
life cycle costing
the accumulation of costs for activities that
An approach to costing that estimates and accumulates the costs of a product/service over
An order to buy a stock at or below a specified price or to sell a stock at or above a specified
Limit order book
A record of unexecuted limit orders that is maintained by the specialist. These orders are
system whereby customers send payments to a post office box and a local bank collects and processes checks.
MACRS (Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System)
A depreciation method created by the IRS under the Tax Reform Act of 1986. Companies must use it to depreciate all plant and equipment assets installed after December 31, 1986 (for tax purposes).
A production scheduling system under which products are only
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
This is an order to immediately buy or sell a security at the current trading price.
Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS)
Depreciation method that allows higher tax deductions in early years and lower deductions later.
modified FIFO method (of process costing)
the method of cost assignment that uses FIFO to compute a cost per
A guaranteed form of payment in amounts up to and including $5,000. You might request a money order in order to pay for tuition fees at a university or a college, or for a magazine subscription.
A technical trading strategy that combines mechanical rules, such as the CRISMA
Negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW)
Demand deposits that pay interest.
Nonmarket or firm-specific risk factors that can be eliminated by diversification. Also
normal cost system
a valuation method that uses actual
Open (good-til-cancelled) order
An individual investor can place an order to buy or sell a security. That
open purchase ordering
a process by which a single purchase
Order penetration point
The point in the production process when a product is
The process of moving items from stock for shipment to customers.
the level of inventory that triggers the placement
the variable cost associated with preparing,
system whereby a depositor may write cheques in excess of the balance, with the bank automatically extending a loan to cover the shortage.
pecking order theory
Firms prefer to issue debt rather than equity if internal finance is insufficient.
Pecking-order view (of capital structure)
The argument that external financing transaction costs, especially
performance management system
a system reflecting the entire package of decisions regarding performance measurement and evaluation
Periodic inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the Inventory account is adjusted for the units sold only at the end of the period.
Perpetual inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the Inventory account is adjusted for the units sold each time a sale is made.
Planning, programming and budgeting system (PPBS)
A method of budgeting in which budgets are allocated to projects or programmes rather than to responsibility centres.
A bank machine network outside Canada, across the U.S. and internationally. Customers who use a bank machine with a 'PLUS' symbol may be charged a fee.
See market mechanism.
A method of costing for continuous manufacture in which costs for an accounting compared are compared with production for the same period to determine a cost per unit produced.
A costing methodology that arrives at an individual product cost through the calculation of average costs for large quantities of identical products.
process costing system
a method of accumulating and assigning costs to units of production in companies producing large quantities of homogeneous products;
Progressive tax system
A tax system wherein the average tax rate increases for some increases in income but
a production system dictated by product sales
A materials flow concept in which parts are only withdrawn after a
the traditional production system in which
A materials flow concept in which parts are issued based on planned
an inventory ordering system in which a red
a process that compares, to the extent possible
responsibility accounting system
an accounting information system for successively higher-level managers about the performance of segments or subunits under the control
Sell limit order
Conditional trading order that indicates that a, security may be sold at the designated price or
special order decision
a situation in which management must determine a sales price to charge for manufacturing or service jobs outside the company’s normal production/service market
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