|Federal Reserve System|
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Definition of Federal Reserve System
Federal Reserve System
The central bank of the U.S., established in 1913, and governed by the federal
Federal Reserve System
The central banking authority responsible for monetary policy in the United States.
An international bank headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, which
See federal reserve system.
The twelve district banks in the federal reserve system.
Board of Governors of the federal reserve system.
A wire transfer system for high-value payments operated by the federal reserve system.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the federal reserve system to influence the
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
a valuation method that uses actual direct
A racking system using automated systems
a formal process for gathering and analyzing information and producing intelligence to meet decision making needs; requires information about
a system using transfer prices; see transfer
A computerized clearing system for sterling funds
An international wire transfer system for high-value
An overly aggressive accrual of operating expenses and the creation of
cost control system
a logical structure of formal and/or informal
cost management system (CMS)
a set of formal methods
Du Pont system
A breakdown of ROE and ROA into component ratios.
Dupont system of financial control
Highlights the fact that return on assets (ROA) can be expressed in terms
Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)
An electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government.
enterprise resource planning (ERP) system
a packaged software program that allows a company to
Enterprise resource planning system
A computer system used to manage all company
European Monetary System (EMS)
An exchange arrangement formed in 1979 that involves the currencies
Any excess of actual reserves above required reserves.
reserves of commercial banks in excess of those they are legally required to hold.
Federal agency securities
Securities issued by corporations and agencies created by the U.S. government,
Federal credit agencies
Agencies of the federal government set up to supply credit to various classes of
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A federal institution that insures bank deposits.
Federal Employer Identification Number
A unique identification number issued
Federal Financing Bank
A federal institution that lends to a wide array of federal credit agencies funds it
Non-interest bearing deposits held in reserve for depository institutions at their district federal
Federal funds market
The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
Federal funds rate
This is the interest rate that banks with excess reserves at a federal reserve district bank
Federal Funds Rate
The interest rate at which banks lend deposits at the federal reserve to one another overnight.
Federal Home Loan Banks
The institutions that regulate and lend to savings and loan associations. The
Federal Insurance Contributions Act of 1935 (FICA)
A federal Act authorizing the government to collect Social Security and Medicare payroll taxes.
Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
Fed committee that makes decisions about open-market operations.
Federal Reserve (the Fed)
The central bank in the United States, responsible for setting interest rates.
Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)
A federal Act requiring employers to pay a tax on the wages paid to their employees, which is then used to create a
Federally related institutions
Arms of the federal government that are exempt from SEC registration and
flexible manufacturing system (FMS)
a production system in which a single factory manufactures numerous variations
Foreign Exchange Reserves
A fund containing the central bank's holdings of foreign currency or claims thereon.
Fractional Reserve Banking
A banking system in which banks hold only a fraction of their outstanding deposits in cash or on deposit with the central bank.
Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
A Congressionally chartered corporation that
Excess reserves minus member bank borrowings at the Fed.
hybrid costing system
a costing system combining characteristics
Imputation tax system
Arrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for
Canada's bank machine and electronic debit system. If you use your bank card at a bank machine which displays the Interac symbol (and that bank machine is not your bank's machine), you will be charged a fee.
See foreign exchange reserves.
job order costing system
a system of product costing used
Just-in-time inventory systems
systems that schedule materials/inventory to arrive exactly as they are
just-in-time manufacturing system
a production system that attempts to acquire components and produce inventory only as needed, to minimize product defects, and to
Legal Reserve Requirement
See reserve requirement.
system whereby customers send payments to a post office box and a local bank collects and processes checks.
MACRS (Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System)
A depreciation method created by the IRS under the Tax Reform Act of 1986. Companies must use it to depreciate all plant and equipment assets installed after December 31, 1986 (for tax purposes).
management control system (MCS)
an information system that helps managers gather information about actual organizational occurrences, make comparisons against plans,
management information system (MIS)
a structure of interrelated elements that collects, organizes, and communicates
Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS)
Depreciation method that allows higher tax deductions in early years and lower deductions later.
A technical trading strategy that combines mechanical rules, such as the CRISMA
Nonmarket or firm-specific risk factors that can be eliminated by diversification. Also
normal cost system
a valuation method that uses actual
Holdings of gold and foreign currencies by official monetary institutions.
system whereby a depositor may write cheques in excess of the balance, with the bank automatically extending a loan to cover the shortage.
performance management system
a system reflecting the entire package of decisions regarding performance measurement and evaluation
Periodic inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the Inventory account is adjusted for the units sold only at the end of the period.
Perpetual inventory system
An inventory system in which the balance in the Inventory account is adjusted for the units sold each time a sale is made.
Planning, programming and budgeting system (PPBS)
A method of budgeting in which budgets are allocated to projects or programmes rather than to responsibility centres.
A bank machine network outside Canada, across the U.S. and internationally. Customers who use a bank machine with a 'PLUS' symbol may be charged a fee.
See market mechanism.
process costing system
a method of accumulating and assigning costs to units of production in companies producing large quantities of homogeneous products;
Progressive tax system
A tax system wherein the average tax rate increases for some increases in income but
a production system dictated by product sales
A materials flow concept in which parts are only withdrawn after a
the traditional production system in which
A materials flow concept in which parts are issued based on planned
an inventory ordering system in which a red
The dollar amounts based on reserve ratios that banks are required to keep on deposit at a federal reserve Bank.
reserves that the central bank requires commercial banks to hold.
An accounting entry that properly reflects the contingent liabilities.
A foreign currency held by a central bank or monetary authority for the purposes of
A currency, frequently the U.S. dollar, that is used by other countries to denominate the assets they hold as international reserves.
See reserve requirement.
This calculation is used by states to determine the unemployment contribution rate to charge employers. The ongoing balance of a firm’s unclaimed
Specified percentages of deposits, established by the federal reserve Board, that banks must
Fraction of total deposits that a commercial bank is required by the central bank to hold in the form of reserves.
The percentage of different types of deposits that member banks are required to hold
Material that has been reserved for a specific purpose.
Commercial banks' reserves consist of their holdings of cash and their balances in deposits with the central bank. See also foreign exchange reserves, excess reserves, required reserves, reserve requirement.
responsibility accounting system
an accounting information system for successively higher-level managers about the performance of segments or subunits under the control
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
standard cost system
a valuation method that uses predetermined
Common to all businesses.
Also called undiversifiable risk or market risk, the minimum level of risk that can be
The amount of total risk that cannot be eliminated by portfolio
Systematic risk principle
Only the systematic portion of risk matters in large, well-diversified portfolios.
systematic withdrawal plan
Plans offered by mutual fund companies that allow unitholders to receive payment from their investment at regular intervals.
an inventory ordering system in which two
A system in which parts are reordered when their supply in one
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