|Individual Retirement Annuity|
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Definition of Individual Retirement Annuity
Individual Retirement Annuity
An IRA comprised of an annuity that is managed
the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning $1 of cash flow.
A regular periodic payment made by an insurance company to a policyholder for a specified period
A series of payments or deposits of equal size spaced evenly over
A series of payments over a period of time. The payments are usually
Equally spaced level stream of cash flows.
A contract which provides an income for a specified period of time, such as a certain number of years or for life. An annuity is like a life insurance policy in reverse. The purchaser gives the life insurance company a lump sum of money and the life insurance company pays the purchaser a regular income, usually monthly.
Periodic payments made to an individual under the terms of the policy.
An annuity with n payments, wherein the first payment is made at time t = 0 and the last
annuity where the payments are to be made at the beginning of
a series of equal cash flows being received or paid at the beginning of a period
Level stream of cash flows starting immediately.
Present value of $1 paid for each of t periods.
Present value of an annuity of $1 per period.
An annuity with a first payment on full period hence, rather than immediately.
The time between each payment under an annuity.
Back To Back Annuity
This term refers to the simultaneous issue of a life annuity with a non-guaranteed period and a guaranteed life insurance policy [usually whole life or term to 100]. The face value of the life insurance would be the same amount that was used to purchase the annuity. This combination of life annuity providing the highest payout of all types of annuities, along with a guaranteed life insurance policy allowed an uninsurable person to convert his/her RRSP into the best choice of annuity and guarantee that upon his/her death, the full value of the annuity would be paid tax free through the life insurance policy to his family members. However, in the early 1990's, the Federal tax authorities put a stop to the issuing of standard life rates to rated or uninsurable applicants. Insuring a life annuity in this manner is still an excellent way to provide guaranteed tax free funds to family members but the application for the annuity and the application for the life insurance are separate transactions and today, most likely conducted through two different insurance companies so that there is no suspicion of preferential treatment given to the life insurance application.
An annuity providing for income payments to commence at a specified future time.
Deferred nominal life annuity
A monthly fixed-dollar payment beginning at retirement age. It is nominal
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA)
A federal Act that sets minimum operational and funding standards for employee benefit
Equivalent annual annuity
The equivalent amount per year for some number of years that has a present
Guaranteed Interest Annuity (GIA)
Interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term.
Insurance that is offered to individuals rather than groups.
Individual Retirement Account
A personal savings account into which a defined
Insured Retirement Plan
This is a recently coined phrase describing the concept of using Universal Life Insurance to tax shelter earnings which can be used to generate tax-free income in retirement. The concept has been described by some as "the most effective tax-neutralization strategy that exists in Canada today."
Nonqualified Retirement Plan
A pension plan that does not follow ERISA and
Normal annuity form
The manner in which retirement benefits are paid out.
An annuity where the payments are made at the end of each
a series of equal cash flows being received
Qualified Retirement Plan
A retirement plan designed to observe all of the requirements
RAMs (Reverse-annuity mortgages)
Mortgages in which the bank makes a loan for an amount equal to a
Registered Retirement Income Fund (Canada)
Commonly referred to as a RRIF, this is one of the options available to RRSP holders to convert their tax sheltered savings into taxable income.
Registered Retirement Savings Plan (Canada)
Commonly referred to as an RRSP, this is a tax sheltered and tax deferred savings plan recognized by the Federal and Provincial tax authorities, whereby deposits are fully tax deductable in the year of deposit and fully taxable in the year of receipt. The ability to defer taxes on RRSP earnings allows one to save much faster than is ordinarily possible. The new rules which apply to RRSP's are that the holder of such a plan must convert it into income by the end of the year in which the holder turns age 69. The choices for conversion are to simply cash it in an pay full tax in the year of receipt, convert it to a RRIF and take a varying stream of income, paying tax on the amount received annually until the income is exhausted, or converting it into an annuity with guaranteed payments for a chosen number of years, again paying tax each year on moneys received.
Retail investors, individual investors
Small investors who commit capital for their personal account.
RRSP (Registered Retirement Savings Plan) (Canada)
A savings plan registered with Revenue Canada, which allows you to set aside a portion of your earned income now for use in the future. When you contribute to your RRSP, you are eligible to claim a tax deduction. However, cashing RRSPs at a later date will result in the payment of tax.
Single-premium deferred annuity
An insurance policy bought by the sponsor of a pension plan for a single
Spousal Registered Retirement Savings Plan
This is an RRSP owned by the spouse of the person contributing to it. The contributor can direct up to 100% of eligible RRSP deposits into a spousal RRSP each and every year. Contributing to a spouses RRSP reduces the amount one can contribute to one's own RRSP, however, if the spouse is a lower income earner, it is an excellent way in which to split income for lower taxation in retirement years.
Tax-deferred retirement plans
Employer-sponsored and other plans that allow contributions and earnings to
A form of annuity policy under which the amount of each benefit is not guaranteed or specified. The amounts fluctuate according to the earnings of a separate investment account.
Registered Pension Plan
Commonly referred to as an RPP this is a tax sheltered employee group plan approved by Federal and Provincial governments allowing employees to have deductions made directly from their wages by their employer with a resulting reduction of income taxes at source. These plans are easy to implement but difficult to dissolve should the group have a change of heart. Employer contributions are usually a percentage of the employee's salary, typically from 3% to 5%, with a maximum of the lessor of 20% or $3,500 per annum. The employee has the same right of contribution. Vesting is generally set at 2 years, which means that the employee has right of ownership of both his/her and his/her employers contributions to the plan after 2 years. It also means that all contributions are locked in after 2 years and cannot be cashed in for use by the employee in a low income year. Should the employee change jobs, these funds can only be transferred to the RPP of a new employer or the funds can be transferred to an individual RRSP (or any number of RRSPs) but in either scenario, the funds are locked in and cannot be accessed until at least age 60. The only choices available to access locked in RPP funds after age 60 are the conversion to a Life Income Fund or a Unisex annuity.
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