Financial Terms Equivalent annual annuity

# Definition of Equivalent annual annuity

## Equivalent annual annuity

The equivalent amount per year for some number of years that has a present
value equal to a given amount.

# Related Terms:

## Equivalent annual benefit

The equivalent annual annuity for the net present value of an investment project.

the present value of a finite stream of cash flows for every beginning \$1 of cash flow.

## Annual fund operating expenses

For investment companies, the management fee and "other expenses,"
including the expenses for maintaining shareholder records, providing shareholders with financial statements,
and providing custodial and accounting services. For 12b-1 funds, selling and marketing costs are included.

## Annual percentage rate (APR)

The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
quarterly return has an APR of 20%.

## Annual percentage yield (APY)

The effective, or true, annual rate of return. The APY is the rate actually
earned or paid in one year, taking into account the affect of compounding. The APY is calculated by taking
one plus the periodic rate and raising it to the number of periods in a year. For example, a 1% per month rate
has an APY of 12.68% (1.01^12).

## Annual report

Yearly record of a publicly held company's financial condition. It includes a description of the
firm's operations, its balance sheet and income statement. SEC rules require that it be distributed to all
shareholders. A more detailed version is called a 10-K.

## Annualized gain

If stock X appreciates 1.5% in one month, the annualized gain for that sock over a twelve
month period is 12*1.5% = 18%. Compounded over the twelve month period, the gain is (1.015)^12 = 19.6%.

## Annualized holding period return

The annual rate of return that when compounded t times, would have
given the same t-period holding return as actually occurred from period 1 to period t.

## Annuity

A regular periodic payment made by an insurance company to a policyholder for a specified period
of time.

## Annuity due

An annuity with n payments, wherein the first payment is made at time t = 0 and the last
payment is made at time t = n - 1.

## Annuity factor

Present value of \$1 paid for each of t periods.

## Annuity in arrears

An annuity with a first payment on full period hence, rather than immediately.

## Bond equivalent yield

Bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
effective yield.

## Bond-equivalent basis

The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.

## Bond-equivalent yield

The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.

## Cash and equivalents

The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a
company. Usually includes bank accounts and marketable securities, such as government bonds and Banker's
Acceptances. Cash equivalents on balance sheets include securities (e.g., notes) that mature within 90 days.

## Cash equivalent

A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
equivalent of cash.

## Cash-equivalent items

Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
investment media such as treasury bills and Banker's Acceptances.

## Certainty equivalent

An amount that would be accepted in lieu of a chance at a possible higher, but
uncertain, amount.

## Common stock equivalent

A convertible security that is traded like an equity issue because the optioned

## Corporate taxable equivalent

Rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
maturity that the premium or discount bond quoted would.

## Coupon equivalent yield

True interest cost expressed on the basis of a 365-day year.

## Deferred nominal life annuity

A monthly fixed-dollar payment beginning at retirement age. It is nominal
because the payment is fixed in dollar amount at any particular time, up to and including retirement.

## Effective annual interest rate

An annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of
compounding.

## Effective annual yield

annualized interest rate on a security computed using compound interest techniques.

## Equivalent annual cash flow

annuity with the same net present value as the company's proposed investment.

## Equivalent annual cost

The equivalent cost per year of owning an asset over its entire life.

## Equivalent bond yield

annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
comparable to yields quoted on coupon securities.

## Equivalent loan

Given the after-tax stream associated with a lease, the maximum amount of conventional
debt that the same period-by-period after-tax debt service stream is capable of supporting.

## Equivalent taxable yield

The yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax
yield as a tax-exempt issue.

## Fixed-income equivalent

Also called a busted convertible, a convertible security that is trading like a straight
security because the optioned common stock is trading low.

## Nominal annual rate

An effective rate per period multiplied by the number of periods in a year.

## Normal annuity form

The manner in which retirement benefits are paid out.

## RAMs (Reverse-annuity mortgages)

Mortgages in which the bank makes a loan for an amount equal to a
percentage of the appraisal value of the home. The loan is then paid to the homeowner in the form of an
annuity.

An insurance policy bought by the sponsor of a pension plan for a single
premium. In return, the insurance company agrees to make lifelong payments to the employee (the
policyholder) when that employee retires.

## Stated annual interest rate

The interest rate expressed as a per annum percentage, by which interest
payment is determined.

## CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

The balance in a companyâ€™s checking account(s) plus short-term or temporary investments (sometimes called â€śmarketable securitiesâ€ť), which are highly liquid.

## Annual Report

The report required by the Stock Exchange for all listed companies, containing the companyâ€™s financial statements.

## Annuity

A series of payments or deposits of equal size spaced evenly over
a specified period of time

## Annuity Due

annuity where the payments are to be made at the beginning of
each period

## Bond Equivalent Yield

Bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method

## Effective Annual Yield

annualized rate of return on a security computed using compound
interest techniques

## Ordinary Annuity

An annuity where the payments are made at the end of each
period

## annuity due

a series of equal cash flows being received or paid at the beginning of a period

## equivalent units of production (EUP)

an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
produced during a period from the actual effort expended
during that period; used in process costing systems to assign
costs to production

## ordinary annuity

a series of equal cash flows being received
or paid at the end of a period

## Annuity

A series of payments over a period of time. The payments are usually
in equal amounts and usually at regular intervals such as quarterly,
semi-annually, or annually.

## Annual report

A report issued to a companyâ€™s shareholders, creditors, and regulatory
organizations at the end of its fiscal year. It typically contains at least an income
statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and accompanying footnotes. It
may also contain management comments, an audit report, and other supporting
schedules that may be required by regulatory organizations.

## annual percentage rate (APR)

Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.

## annuity

Equally spaced level stream of cash flows.

## annuity due

Level stream of cash flows starting immediately.

## annuity factor

Present value of an annuity of \$1 per period.

## effective annual interest rate

Interest rate that is annualized using compound interest.

## equivalent annual cost

The cost per period with the same present value as the cost of buying and operating a machine.

## Individual Retirement Annuity

An IRA comprised of an annuity that is managed
through and paid out by a life insurance company.

## Cash Equivalents

Highly liquid, fixed-income investments with original maturities of three months or less.

## Annuity

A contract which provides an income for a specified period of time, such as a certain number of years or for life. An annuity is like a life insurance policy in reverse. The purchaser gives the life insurance company a lump sum of money and the life insurance company pays the purchaser a regular income, usually monthly.

## Back To Back Annuity

This term refers to the simultaneous issue of a life annuity with a non-guaranteed period and a guaranteed life insurance policy [usually whole life or term to 100]. The face value of the life insurance would be the same amount that was used to purchase the annuity. This combination of life annuity providing the highest payout of all types of annuities, along with a guaranteed life insurance policy allowed an uninsurable person to convert his/her RRSP into the best choice of annuity and guarantee that upon his/her death, the full value of the annuity would be paid tax free through the life insurance policy to his family members. However, in the early 1990's, the Federal tax authorities put a stop to the issuing of standard life rates to rated or uninsurable applicants. Insuring a life annuity in this manner is still an excellent way to provide guaranteed tax free funds to family members but the application for the annuity and the application for the life insurance are separate transactions and today, most likely conducted through two different insurance companies so that there is no suspicion of preferential treatment given to the life insurance application.

## Deferred Annuity

An annuity providing for income payments to commence at a specified future time.

## Cash Equivalents

Instruments or investments of such high liquidity and safety that they are virtually equal to cash.

## annual return

The fund return, for any 12-month period, including changes in unit value and the reinvestment of distributions, but not taking into account sales, redemption, distribution or other optional charges or income taxes payable by any unitholder that would reduce returns.

Yearly amount payable by a client for a policy or component.

## Annuity

Periodic payments made to an individual under the terms of the policy.

## Annuity Period

The time between each payment under an annuity.

## Guaranteed Interest Annuity (GIA)

Interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term.

## Variable Annuity

A form of annuity policy under which the amount of each benefit is not guaranteed or specified. The amounts fluctuate according to the earnings of a separate investment account.