|Income Tax Expense|
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Definition of Income Tax Expense
Income Tax Expense
See income tax provision.
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
An intermediate measure of profit equal to sales revenue
This first-line measure of profit
The expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the
The ratio of net income to net sales.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
For investment companies, the management fee and "other expenses,"
A situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates.
taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Net income plus depreciation.
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
A non-cash expense that provides a source of free cash flow. Amount allocated during the
Depreciation tax shield
The value of the tax write-off on depreciation of plant and equipment.
Agreement between two countries that taxes paid abroad can be offset against
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Cash flow plus change in present value.
Equivalent taxable yield
The yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax
The percentage of the assets that were spent to run a mutual fund (as of the last annual
Charged to an expense account, fully reducing reported profit of that year, as is appropriate for
Also called a busted convertible, a convertible security that is trading like a straight
Assets that pay a fixed-dollar amount, such as bonds and preferred stock.
The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
Imputation tax system
Arrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for
One who receives income from a trust.
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
A mutual fund providing for liberal current income from investments.
Income statement (statement of operations)
A statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the
Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.
Interest equalization tax
tax on foreign investment by residents of the U.S. which was abolished in 1974.
Interest tax shield
The reduction in income taxes that results from the tax-deductibility of interest payments.
The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
Marginal tax rate
The tax rate that would have to be paid on any additional dollars of taxable income earned.
Monthly income preferred security (MIP)
Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven.
The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
Personal tax view (of capital structure)
The argument that the difference in personal tax rates between
Progressive tax system
A tax system wherein the average tax rate increases for some increases in income but
Short-term tax exempts
Short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
Also called margin income, the difference between income and cost. For a depository
TANs (tax anticipation notes)
tax anticipation notes issued by states or municipalities to finance current
Tax anticipation bills (TABs)
Special bills that the Treasury occasionally issues that mature on corporate
Set of books kept by a firm's management for the IRS that follows IRS rules. The stockholder's
Tax clawback agreement
An agreement to contribute as equity to a project the value of all previously
Tax differential view ( of dividend policy)
The view that shareholders prefer capital gains over dividends,
The municipal bond market where state and local governments raise funds. Bonds issued
Tax free acquisition
A merger or consolidation in which 1) the acquirer's tax basis in each asset whose
A nation with a moderate level of taxation and/or liberal tax incentives for undertaking specific
Tax Reform Act of 1986
A 1986 law involving a major overhaul of the U.S. tax code.
The reduction in income taxes that results from taking an allowable deduction from taxable income.
Swapping two similar bonds to receive a tax benefit.
Tax deferral option
The feature of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code that the capital gains tax on an asset is
Tax-deferred retirement plans
Employer-sponsored and other plans that allow contributions and earnings to
The option to sell an asset and claim a loss for tax purposes or not to sell the asset and
A merger or consolidation that is not a tax-fee acquisition. The selling shareholders are
Gross income less a set of deductions.
Any transaction that is not tax-free to the parties involved, such as a taxable acquisition.
Two-tier tax system
A method of taxation in which the income going to shareholders is taxed twice.
For an insurance company, the difference between the premiums earned and the costs
Method of indirect taxation whereby a tax is levied at each stage of production on the value
A tax levied by a country of source on income paid, usually on dividends remitted to the
What was spent to run the non-sales and non-manufacturing part of a company, such as office salaries and interest paid on loans.
An accounting statement that summarizes information about a company in the following format:
What the business paid to the IRS.
The profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales.
The total amount that was spent to run a company this year.
RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES
A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Here’s the formula:
RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME
A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
What was spent to run the sales part of a company, such as sales salaries, travel, meals, and lodging for salespeople, and advertising.
Those that vary with the amount of goods you produce or sell. These may include utility bills, labor, etc.
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
The operating profit before deducting interest and tax.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.
The costs incurred in buying, making or producing goods and services.
Profit before interest and taxes (PBIT)
Residual income (RI)
The profit remaining after deducting from profit a notional cost of capital on the investment in a business or division of a business.
Accrued expenses payable
expenses that have to be recorded in order for the financial statements to be accurate. Accrued expenses usually do not involve the receipt of an invoice from the company providing the goods or services.
An expense account that represents the portion of the cost of an asset that is being charged to expense during the current period.
income that a company receives in the form of dividends on stock in other companies that it holds.
Costs involved in running the company.
One of the basic financial statements; it lists the revenue and expense accounts of the company.
income that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies.
The last line of the income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period.
The amount of expense incurred for the general operation of an office.
The amount paid to employees for services rendered; synonymous with salary expense and wage expense.
Payroll tax expense
The amount of tax associated with salaries that an employer pays to governments (federal, state, and local).
Payroll taxes payable
The amount of payroll taxes owed to the various governments at the end of a period.
expenses that have been paid for but have not yet been used up; examples are prepaid insurance and prepaid rent.
The amount of expense paid for the use of property.
The amount paid to employees for services rendered; synonymous with payroll expense and wage expense.
The amount paid to employees for services rendered; synonymous with salary expense and payroll expense.
accrued expenses payable
The account that records the short-term, noninterest-
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
fixed expenses (costs)
expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
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