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Definition of Gross margin
Revenues less the cost of goods sold.
This first-line measure of profit
gross profit divided by sales, which is equal to each sales dollar left over after paying
gross profit divided by revenue.
The result of subtracting cost of goods sold from sales. Synonymous with gross margin.
This is a key factor in the profit model of a business. Product
The general term profit is not precisely defined; it may refer to net
This concept refers to a separate source of revenue and
Ratios based on sales revenue for a period. A measure of
The sales level at which a company, division, or product line makes a
A financial report that summarizes a company’s revenue, cost of
The ratio of net income to net sales.
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
A transaction in which an investor borrows to buy additional shares, using the shares
The difference between variable revenue and variable cost.
The dollar equivalent of the safety cushion for a portfolio in a contingent immunization
Effective margin (EM)
Used with SAT performance measures, the amount equaling the net earned spread, or
Gross domestic product (GDP)
The market value of goods and services produced over time including the
Interest earned before taxes are deducted.
Gross national product (GNP)
Measures and economy's total income. It is equal to GDP plus the income
The fraction of the gross proceeds of an underwritten securities offering that is paid as
Initial margin requirement
When buying securities on margin, the proportion of the total market value of
Maintenance margin requirement
A sum, usually smaller than -but part of the original margin, which must
This allows investors to buy securities by borrowing money from a broker. The margin is the
Margin account (Stocks)
A leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of
A demand for additional funds because of adverse price movement. Maintenance margin
Margin requirement (Options)
The amount of cash an uncovered (naked) option writer is required to
Marginal tax rate
The tax rate that would have to be paid on any additional dollars of taxable income earned.
Net operating margin
The ratio of net operating income to net sales.
Net profit margin
Net income divided by sales; the amount of each sales dollar left over after all expenses
Operating profit margin
The ratio of operating margin to net sales.
The margin needed to cover a specific new position. Related: margin, security deposit (initial)
Indicator of profitability. The ratio of earnings available to stockholders to net sales.
An additional required deposit to bring an investor's equity account up to the initial margin
The profit a company makes before expenses and taxes are taken away.
The difference between the price at which goods or services are sold and the cost of sales.
The amount added to a lower figure to reach a higher figure, expressed as a percentage of the higher figure, e.g. the margin that profit represents as a percentage of selling price.
The cost of producing one extra unit.
Margin of safety
A measure of the difference between the anticipated and breakeven levels of activity.
An intermediate measure of profit equal to sales revenue
The profit per unit sold of a product after deducting product
Profit Margin Ratio
A measure of how much profit is earned on each dollar of sales. It
the difference between selling price and
contribution margin ratio
the proportion of each revenue dollar remaining after variable costs have been covered;
margin of safety
the excess of the budgeted or actual sales
product contribution margin
the difference between selling price and variable cost of goods sold
product line margin
see segment margin
the ratio of income to sales
the excess of revenues over direct variable expenses and avoidable fixed expenses for a particular segment
total contribution margin
see contribution margin
The margin that results when variable production costs are subtracted
The total sales recorded prior to sales discounts and returns.
The incremental change in the unit cost of a product as a result of a
marginal tax rate
Additional taxes owed per dollar of additional income.
Gross Domestic Product
Total output of final goods and services produced within a country during a year.
Gross National Product
Total output of final goods and services produced by a country's citizens during a year.
Marginal Propensity to Consume
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on consumption.
Marginal Propensity to Import
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is spent on imports.
Marginal Propensity to Save
Fraction of an increase in disposable income that is saved.
Marginal Tax Rate
Percent of an increase in income paid in tax.
The amount of earnings due to an employee prior to tax and other deductions.
EBITDA divided by total sales or total revenue.
Revenue less cost of goods sold.
Margin Tax Rate
The tax rate applicable to the last unit of income.
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