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Gross Domestic Product

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Definition of Gross Domestic Product

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Gross Domestic Product

Total output of final goods and services produced within a country during a year.



Related Terms:

Gross domestic product (GDP)

The market value of goods and services produced over time including the
income of foreign corporations and foreign residents working in the U.S., but excluding the income of U.S.
residents and corporations overseas.


GDP

See gross domestic product.


Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC)

A U.S. corporation that receives a tax incentive for
export activities.


Domestic market

Part of a nation's internal market representing the mechanisms for issuing and trading
securities of entities domiciled within that nation. Compare external market and foreign market.


Gross interest

Interest earned before taxes are deducted.



Gross national product (GNP)

Measures and economy's total income. It is equal to GDP plus the income
abroad accruing to domestic residents minus income generated in domestic market accruing to non-residents.


Gross profit margin

gross profit divided by sales, which is equal to each sales dollar left over after paying
for the cost of goods sold.


Gross Domestic Product Image 2

Gross spread

The fraction of the gross proceeds of an underwritten securities offering that is paid as
compensation to the underwriters of the offering.


Investment product line (IPML)

The line of required returns for investment projects as a function of beta
(nondiversifiable risk).


Product cycle

The time it takes to bring new and/or improved products to market.


Product risk

A type of mortgage-pipeline risk that occurs when a lender has an unusual loan in production or
inventory but does not have a sale commitment at a prearranged price.


Production payment financing

A method of nonrecourse asset-based financing in which a specified
percentage of revenue realized from the sale of the project's output is used to pay debt service.


Production-flow commitment

An agreement by the loan purchaser to allow the monthly loan quota to be
delivered in batches.


GROSS PROFIT

The profit a company makes before expenses and taxes are taken away.


UNITS OF PRODUCTION

A depreciation method that relates a machine’s depreciation to the number of units it makes each
accounting period. The method requires that someone record the machine’s output each year.


Gross profit

The difference between the price at which goods or services are sold and the cost of sales.
Income The revenue generated from the sale of goods or services.


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Non-production overhead

A general term referring to period costs, such as selling, administration and financial expenses.


Product cost

The cost of goods or services produced.



Product market

A business’s investment in technology, people and materials in order to make, buy and sell products or services to customers.


Product/service mix

See sales mix.


Production overhead

A general term referring to indirect costs.


Gross profit

The result of subtracting cost of goods sold from sales. Synonymous with gross margin.


gross margin, or gross profit

This first-line measure of profit
equals sales revenue less cost of goods sold. This is profit before operating
expenses and interest and income tax expenses are deducted. Financial
reporting standards require that gross margin be reported in
external income statements. gross margin is a key variable in management
profit reports for decision making and control. gross margin
doesn’t apply to service businesses that don’t sell products.


product cost

This is a key factor in the profit model of a business. product
cost is the same as purchase cost for a retailer or wholesaler (distributor).
A manufacturer has to accumulate three different types of production
costs to determine product cost: direct materials, direct labor, and
manufacturing overhead. The cost of products (goods) sold is deducted
from sales revenue to determine gross margin (also called gross profit),
which is the first profit line reported in an external income statement
and in an internal profit report to managers.


by-product

an incidental output of a joint process; it is salable,
but the sales value of by-products is not substantial enough
for management to justify undertaking the joint process; it
is viewed as having a higher sales value than scrap


cost of production report

a process costing document that
details all operating and cost information, shows the computation
of cost per equivalent unit, and indicates cost assignment
to goods produced during the period


economic production run (EPR)

an estimate of the number
of units to produce at one time that minimizes the total
costs of setting up production runs and carrying inventory


Gross Domestic Product Image 4

equivalent units of production (EUP)

an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
produced during a period from the actual effort expended
during that period; used in process costing systems to assign
costs to production



grade (of product or service)

the addition or removal of product
or service characteristics to satisfy additional needs, especially price


process productivity

the total units produced during a period
using value-added processing time


product complexity

an assessment about the number of components in a product


product contribution margin

the difference between selling price and variable cost of goods sold


product cost

a cost associated with making or acquiring inventory


productive capacity

the number of total units that could be
produced during a period based on available equipment time
productive processing time the proportion of total time that
is value-added time; also known as manufacturing cycle
efficiency


product- (or process-) level cost

a cost that is caused by the development, production, or acquisition of specific products or services


product life cycle

a model depicting the stages through
which a product class (not necessarily each product) passes


product line margin

see segment margin


product variety

the number of different types of products
produced (or services rendered) by a firm


By-product

A product that is an ancillary part of the primary production process, having
a minor resale value in comparison to the value of the primary product being
manufactured. Any proceeds from the sale of a by-product are typically offset
against the cost of the primary product, or recorded as miscellaneous revenue.


Gross margin

Revenues less the cost of goods sold.


Gross sales

The total sales recorded prior to sales discounts and returns.


Joint product

A product that has the highest sales value from among a group of products
that are the result of a joint production process.


Product cost

The total of all costs assigned to a product, typically including direct
labor, materials (with normal spoilage included), and overhead.


Production yield variance

The difference between the actual and budgeted proportions
of product resulting from a production process, multiplied by the standard unit cost.


Aggregate Production Function

An equation determining aggregate output as a function of aggregate inputs such as labor and capital.


Factor of Production

A resource used to produce a good or service. The main macroeconomic factors of production are capital and labor.


Gross National Product

Total output of final goods and services produced by a country's citizens during a year.


National Income and Product Accounts

The national accounting system that records economic activity such as GDP and related measures.


Net Domestic Product

GDP minus depreciation.


Net National Product

GNP minus depreciation.


Productivity

Output per unit of input, usually measured as output per hour of labor.


Gross Pay

The amount of earnings due to an employee prior to tax and other deductions.


Gross Profit

Revenue less cost of goods sold.


Gross Profit Margin

gross profit divided by revenue.


Sales Revenue Revenue recognized from the sales of products as opposed to the provision of

services.


By-product

A material created incidental to a production process, which can be
sold for value.


Lean production

The technique of stripping all non-value-added activities from
the production process, thereby using the minimum possible amount of resources
to accomplish manufacturing goals.


Process flow production

A production configuration in which products are continually
manufactured with minimal pauses or queuing.


Product

Any item intended for sale.



 

 

 

 

 

 

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