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Fair Value |
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Definition of Fair ValueFair ValueThe amount at which an asset could be purchased or sold or a liability incurred or
Related Terms:Fair market valueThe price that an asset or service will fetch on the open market. Fair Market ValueThe highest price available, expressed in terms of cash, in an open and unrestricted market between informed, prudent parties acting at arm's length and under no compulsion to transact. Accumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeCumulative gains or losses reported in shareholders' Impairment LossA special, nonrecurring charge taken to write down an asset with an overstated Market ValueA quoted market price per unit times the number of units being valued. Synonymous Realized Gains and LossesIncreases or decreases in the fair value of an asset or a liability that Value managerA manager who seeks to buy stocks that are at a discount to their "fair value" and sell them at Account ValueThe sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest. Accumulated ValueAn amount of money invested plus the interest earned on that money. Adjusted present value (APV)The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity approximated net realizable value at split-off allocationa method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a Benefit ValueThe amount of cash payable on a benefit. Bond valueWith respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible Book valueA company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A BOOK VALUEAn asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation. Book ValueThe value of an asset as carried on the balance sheet of a Book valueAn asset’s original cost, less any depreciation that has been subsequently incurred. book valueNet worth of the firm’s assets or liabilities according book value and book value per shareGenerally speaking, these terms BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCKThe theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals: Book value per shareThe ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. Book value Book Value per ShareThe book value of a company divided by the number of shares business-value-added activityan activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUEWhat a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share. Carrying valueBook value. Cash-surrender valueAn amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life Cash Surrender ValueThis is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications. Cash Surrender ValueBenefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy. Cash value added (CVA)A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an Conversion valueAlso called parity value, the value of a convertible security if it is converted immediately. Economic Value Added (EVA)Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge economic value added (EVA)a measure of the extent to which income exceeds the dollar cost of capital; calculated economic value added (EVA)Term used by the consulting firm Stern Stewart for profit remaining after deduction of the cost Exercise valueThe amount of advantage over a current market transaction provided by an in-the-money Exit valueThe value that an asset is expected to have at the time it is sold at a predetermined Expected valueThe weighted average of a probability distribution. Expected ValueThe value of the possible outcomes of a variable weighted by the Expected value of perfect informationThe expected value if the future uncertain outcomes could be known Extraordinary positive valueA positive net present value. Face valueSee: Par value. Face ValueThe nominal value of a security. Also called the par value. Face valueThe maturity value of a security. Also known as par value, face valuePayment at the maturity of the bond. Also called par value or maturity value. Face ValueThe payoff value of a bond upon maturity. Also called par value. See principal. Face ValueThe nominal value which appears on the face of a document recording an entitlement, generally an amount of money that has to be repaid on the maturity of a debt instrument. Fair-and-equitable testA set of requirements for a plan of reorganization to be approved by the bankruptcy court. Fair gameAn investment prospect that has a zero risk premium. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938A federal Act creating standards of overtime Fair market priceAmount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having Fair priceThe equilibrium price for futures contracts. Also called the theoretical futures price, which equals Fair price provisionSee:appraisal rights. Firm's net value of debtTotal firm value minus total firm debt. Future valueThe amount of cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified Future ValueThe amount a given payment, or series of payments, will be worth future valuethe amount to which one or more sums of Future valueThe value that a sum of money (the present value) earning future valueAmount to which an investment will grow after earning interest. Future ValueThe amount to which a payment or series of payments will grow by a given future date when compounded by a given interest rate. FVIF future value interest factor. Intrinsic value of a firmThe present value of a firm's expected future net cash flows discounted by the Intrinsic value of an optionThe amount by which an option is in-the-money. An option which is not in-themoney Investment valueRelated:straight value. Laissez-FaireA policy of minimum government intervention in the operation of the economy. Liquidation valueNet amount that could be realized by selling the assets of a firm after paying the debt. Liquidation ValueThe net proceeds (after taxes and expenses) of selling the assets liquidation valueNet proceeds that would be realized by selling the firm’s assets and paying off its creditors. Loan valueThe amount a policyholder may borrow against a whole life insurance policy at the interest rate Market value1) The price at which a security is trading and could presumably be purchased or sold. Market valueThe price at which a product or service could be sold on the open market. market value addedMarket value of equity minus book value. market-value balance sheetFinancial statement that uses the market value of all assets and liabilities. Market value ratiosRatios that relate the market price of the firm's common stock to selected financial Market value-weighted indexAn index of a group of securities computed by calculating a weighted average Maturity valueRelated: par value. Net adjusted present valueThe adjusted present value minus the initial cost of an investment. net asset valueThe value of all the holdings of a mutual fund, less the fund's liabilities. Net asset value (NAV)The value of a fund's investments. For a mutual fund, the net asset value per share Net book valueThe current book value of an asset or liability; that is, its original book value net of any Net present valueA discounted cash flow methodology that uses a required rate of net present value methoda process that uses the discounted Net present value (NPV)The present value of the expected future cash flows minus the cost. Net present value (NPV)A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the present value of future cash flows and deducts the initial capital investment. net present value (NPV)Equals the present value (PV) of a capital investment Net Present Value (NPV)The present value of all future cash inflows minus the present value net present value (NPV)the difference between the present values of all cash inflows and outflows for an investment project net present value (NPV)Present value of cash flows minus initial investment. Net Present Value (NPV) MethodA method of ranking investment proposals. NPV is equal to the present value of the future returns, discounted at the marginal cost of capital, minus the present value of the cost of the investment. Net present value of future investmentsThe present value of the total sum of NPVs expected to result from Net present value of growth opportunitiesA model valuing a firm in which net present value of new Net present value ruleAn investment is worth making if it has a positive NPV. Projects with negative NPVs Net Realizable ValueSelling price of an asset less expenses of bringing the asset into a saleable state and expenses of the sale. net realizable value approacha method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either net realizable value at split-off allocationa method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary Net realizeable valueThe expected revenue to be gained from the sale of an item or Net salvage valueThe after-tax net cash flow for terminating the project. No par value stockStock issued by the company that does not have an arbitrary value (par value) assigned to it. non-value-added (NVA) activityan activity that increases the time spent on a product or service but that does not increase its worth or value to the customer NPV (net present value of cash flows)Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay. Original face valueThe principal amount of the mortgage as of its issue date. Other-than-Temporary Decline in Market ValueThe standard used to describe a decline in market value that is not expected to recover. The use of the other-than-temporary description as
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