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Definition of Eurocredits
Intermediate-term loans of Eurocurrencies made by banking syndicates to corporate and
A measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and
The acquisition of one firm by anther firm.
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
A legal document creating a corporation.
One of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash
Withdrawal of funds from a financial institution in order to invest them directly.
A non-underwritten Euronote issued directly to the market. Euro-
Institutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or
That portion of domestic bank loans supplied to foreigners for use abroad.
See: government securities.
Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae)
A wholly owned U.S. government corporation
Government sponsored enterprises
Privately owned, publicly chartered entities, such as the Student Loan
Negotiable U.S. Treasury securities.
Sale of some shares of stock to get cash that would be similar to receiving a cash dividend.
Idea that as long as individuals borrow (or lend) on the same terms as the firm, they can
spread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for
Intermarket spread swaps
An exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a
Typically 1-10 years.
Investment through a financial institution. Related: disintermediation.
International Banking Facility (IBF)
International banking Facility. A branch that an American bank
Liquidity theory of the term structure
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the implied forward
In accounting information, one year or greater.
Value of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an
An obligation having a maturity of more than one year from the date it was issued. Also
Indicator of financial leverage. Shows long-term debt as a proportion of the
Long-term debt ratio
The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization.
Long-term financial plan
Financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
Amount owed for leases, bond repayment and other items due after 1 year.
Long-term debt to equity ratio
A capitalization ratio comparing long-term debt to shareholders' equity.
A corporate debt instrument that is continuously offered to investors over a period of
Give the borrower the possibility of drawing a loan in different currencies.
loans usually represented by conventional mortgages on multi-family rental apartments.
Other long term liabilities
Value of leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes and other obligations
Usually FHA-insured and HUD-guaranteed mortgages on multiple-family housing complexes,
Short-term financial plan
A financial plan that covers the coming fiscal year.
Short-term investment services
Services that assist firms in making short-term investments.
Short-term solvency ratios
Ratios used to judge the adequacy of liquid assets for meeting short-term
Short-term tax exempts
Short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
Often referred to as bullet-maturity bonds or simply bullet bonds, bonds whose principal is
Term Fed Funds
Fed Funds sold for a period of time longer than overnight.
Term life insurance
A contract that provides a death benefit but no cash build-up or investment component.
A bank loan, typically with a floating interest rate, for a specified amount that matures in between
Provides a death benefit only, no build-up of cash value.
A repurchase agreement with a term of more than one day.
Term to maturity
The time remaining on a bond's life, or the date on which the debt will cease to exist and
Excess of the yields to maturity on long-term bonds over those of short-term bonds.
A closed-end fund that has a fixed termination or maturity date.
The value of a bond at maturity, typically its par value, or the value of an asset (or an entire
Terms of sale
Conditions on which a firm proposes to sell its goods services for cash or credit.
Terms of trade
The weighted average of a nation's export prices relative to its import prices.
Wholesale mortgage banking
The purchasing of loans originated by others, with the servicing rights
Bills that are payable in more than one year, such as a mortgage or bonds.
Amounts owing after more than one year.
Amounts that have been loaned to the company and that it still owes.
coefficient of determination
a measure of dispersion that
predetermined overhead rate
an estimated constant charge per unit of activity used to assign overhead cost to production or services of the period; it is calculated by dividing total budgeted annual overhead at a selected level of volume or activity by that selected measure of volume or activity; it is also the standard overhead application rate
The relationship between the yields on fixed-interest
A debt for which payments will be required for a period of more than
System whereby customers make payments to a regional collection center which transfers funds to
Firm that raises money from many small investors and provides financing to businesses or other
terms of sale
Credit, discount, and payment terms offered on a sale.
Any institution, such as a bank, that takes deposits from savers and loans them to borrowers.
The process whereby financial intermediaries channel funds from lender/savers to borrower/spenders.
Fractional Reserve Banking
A banking system in which banks hold only a fraction of their outstanding deposits in cash or on deposit with the central bank.
A good used in producing another good.
See term to maturity.
An interest-earning bank deposit that cannot be withdrawn without penalty until a specific time.
Term to Maturity
Period of time from the present to the redemption date of a bond.
Term Structure of Interest Rates
Relationship among interest rates on bonds with different terms to maturity.
Terms of Trade
The quantity of imports that can be obtained for a unit of exports, measured by the ratio of an export price index to an import price index.
Additional pay due to an employee whose employment is
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
Term Life Insurance
A plan of insurance which covers the insured for only a certain period of time and not necessarily for his or her entire life. The policy pays a death benefit only if the insured dies during the term.
Yearly Renewable Term Insurance
Sometimes, simply called YRT, this is a form of term life insurance that may be renewed annually without evidence of insurability to a stated age.
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
Farm Improvement and Marketing Cooperatives Loans Act
Optional periods of time which the conditions of a contract will be carried out.
An independent third party that may act as a mediator during negotiations.
Long Term Debt
Liability due in a year or more.
Longer-Term Fixed Assets
Assets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied.
The length of time given a borrower by a lender to repay a debt and the frequency of principal payments which the borrower has to meet.
This is usually the duration of a loan.
A secured loan made to business concerns for a specific period (normally three to ten years). It is repaid with interest, usually with periodical payments.
A list of the major points of the proposed financing being offered by an investor.
ABM (automated banking machine)
A bank machine, sometimes referred to as an automated teller machine (ATM).
The period of time during which a financial contract – such as a GIC or a loan – is in force.
The time period during which a policy is in force, or the time it takes for a policy to reach maturity.
A product that provides life coverage for a specified duration typically not beyond the age of 75.
Terminal Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become terminally ill. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
Cease all legal obligations under a contract.
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