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Definition of Double-tax agreement
agreement between two countries that taxes paid abroad can be offset against
The ratio of net income to net sales.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
A situation wherein participants in a transaction have different net tax rates.
taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
A contract for privately placed debt.
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
An agreement signed by the original United Nations members in 1944 that
This is an agreement entered into by the owners of a business to define the conditions under which the interests of each shareholder will be bought and sold. The agreement sets the value of each shareholders interest and stipulates what happens when one of the owners wishes to dispose of his/her interest during his/her lifetime as well as disposal of interest upon death or disability. Life insurance, critical illness coverage and disability insurance are major considerations to help fund this type of agreement.
An agreement to invest cash in a project to the extent required to cover any cash
Net income plus depreciation.
An understanding between a company and the host government that specifies the
An agreement entered into between a conditional buyer and a conditional seller setting out the terms under which goods change hands.
A legal document whereby the one party, usually the prospective investor, pledges to keep strictly confidential, and return on request, any and all information provided by the entrepreneur seeking funding.
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
Rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
Current Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is based on
Current Tax Payment Act of 1943
A federal Act requiring employers to withhold income taxes from employee pay.
Deferred Income Tax Expense
That portion of the total income tax provision that is the result
Deferred Tax Asset
Future tax benefit that results from (1) the origination of a temporary difference
Deferred Tax Liability
Future tax obligation that results from the origination of a temporary
A non-cash expense that provides a source of free cash flow. Amount allocated during the
Depreciation tax shield
The value of the tax write-off on depreciation of plant and equipment.
depreciation tax shield
Reduction in taxes attributable to the depreciation allowance.
Method of accelerated depreciation.
A cross-border lease in which the disparate rules of the lessor's and lessee's countries let
The system of recording business transactions in two accounts.
See accrual-basis accounting.
earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)
A measure of profit that
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
The operating profit before deducting interest and tax.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization.
Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)
An earningsbased measure that, for many, serves as a surrogate for cash flow. Actually consists of working
EBDDT - Earnings before depreciation and deferred taxes
This measure is used principally by
Effective Tax Rate
The total tax provision divided by pretax book income from continuing
Electronic Federal Tax Payment Systems (EFTPS)
An electronic funds transfer system used by businesses to remit taxes to the government.
Equity contribution agreement
An agreement to contribute equity to a project under certain specified
Equivalent taxable yield
The yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax
Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)
A federal Act requiring employers to pay a tax on the wages paid to their employees, which is then used to create a
Fiscal agency agreement
An alternative to a bond trust deed. Unlike the trustee, the fiscal agent acts as an
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
Forward rate agreement (FRA)
agreement to borrow or lend at a specified future date at an interest rate
on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) a treaty
Imputation tax system
Arrangement by which investors who receive a dividend also receive a tax credit for
What the business paid to the IRS.
A government tax on the income earned by an individual or corporation.
Income Tax Expense
See income tax provision.
Income Tax Provision
The expense deduction from pretax book income reported on the
taxes paid by consumers when they buy goods and services. A sales tax is an example.
The loss in purchasing power due to inflation eroding the real value of financial assets such as cash.
Interest equalization tax
tax on foreign investment by residents of the U.S. which was abolished in 1974.
Interest rate agreement
An agreement whereby one party, for an upfront premium, agrees to compensate the
Interest tax shield
The reduction in income taxes that results from the tax-deductibility of interest payments.
interest tax shield
tax savings resulting from deductibility of interest payments.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
Margin Tax Rate
The tax rate applicable to the last unit of income.
Marginal tax rate
The tax rate that would have to be paid on any additional dollars of taxable income earned.
marginal tax rate
Additional taxes owed per dollar of additional income.
Marginal Tax Rate
Percent of an increase in income paid in tax.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
an agreement among Canada, Mexico, and the United States establishing the North American Free Trade Zone, with a resulting reduction in trade barriers
A contract for privately placed debt.
Payroll tax expense
The amount of tax associated with salaries that an employer pays to governments (federal, state, and local).
Payroll taxes payable
The amount of payroll taxes owed to the various governments at the end of a period.
Personal tax view (of capital structure)
The argument that the difference in personal tax rates between
Preferred stock agreement
A contract for preferred stock.
Profit before interest and taxes (PBIT)
A tax in which the rich pay a larger percentage of income than the poor. Contrast with regressive tax.
Progressive tax system
A tax system wherein the average tax rate increases for some increases in income but
A tax taking the same percentage of income regardless of the level of income.
As used in connection with project financing, an agreement to purchase a specific
This legal document records the final understanding of the parties with respect to the proposed transaction.
Raw material supply agreement
As used in connection with project financing, an agreement to furnish a
A tax in which the poor pay a larger percentage of income than the rich. Contrast with progressive tax.
An agreement with a commitment by the seller (dealer) to buy a security back from
Revolving credit agreement
A legal commitment wherein a bank promises to lend a customer up to a
Roth IRA. An IRA account whose earnings are not taxable at all under certain
A tax levied as a percentage of retail sales.
Short-term tax exempts
Short-term securities issued by states, municipalities, local housing agencies, and
A revision to the Bretton Woods international monetary system which was signed at
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
In a rights issue, agreement that the underwriter will purchase any stock not purchased by investors.
Contracts where the bidding firm in a takeover attempt agrees to limit its holdings
State Disability Tax
A tax charged by selected states to maintain a disability insurance
Statutory Tax Rate
The income tax rate that is stated in income tax law. It is applied to taxable
TANs (tax anticipation notes)
tax anticipation notes issued by states or municipalities to finance current
Tax anticipation bills (TABs)
Special bills that the Treasury occasionally issues that mature on corporate
tax benefit (of depreciation)
the amount of depreciation deductible for tax purposes multiplied by the tax rate;
Set of books kept by a firm's management for the IRS that follows IRS rules. The stockholder's
Tax clawback agreement
An agreement to contribute as equity to a project the value of all previously
postponing taxation of an amount until a future date
Tax deferral option
The feature of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code that the capital gains tax on an asset is
current compensation that is taxed at a future date
Tax-deferred retirement plans
Employer-sponsored and other plans that allow contributions and earnings to
Tax differential view ( of dividend policy)
The view that shareholders prefer capital gains over dividends,
current compensation that is never taxed
The municipal bond market where state and local governments raise funds. Bonds issued
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