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Definition of Credit
A rating of a company's credit (ability to payback debt), usually by a third party credit agency.
Buying or selling goods or services now with the intention of payment following at some time in
On your bank statement, 'credit' represents funds that you have deposited into your account. The opposite of a credit is a debit.
One side of a journal entry, usually depicted as the right side.
Provides additional financial security should an insured person be dismembered or lose the use of a limb as the result of an accident.
Refers to the reduction of debt by regular payments of interest and principal in order to pay off a loan by maturity.
The person or party designated to receive proceeds entitled by a benefit. Payment of a benefit is triggered by an event. In the case of credit insurance, the beneficiary will always be the creditor.
The requirement that a claim holder voting against a plan of reorganization
A consumer who borrows money from a lender.
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for business purposes.
A method of analysis in which a firm is compared to others that have a desired
credit granted by a firm to consumers for the purchase of goods or services. Also called
A federal Act specifying the proportion of
The process of analyzing information on companies and bond issues in order to estimate the
Procedure to determine the likelihood a customer will pay its bills.
An organization that provides financial institutions with credit information concerning existing or potential customers who are looking to obtain credit services.
A revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit. You have to pay interest on a credit card if you have an outstanding balance.
A decline in the ability or willingness of banks to lend.
Purchase of the financial guarantee of a large insurance company to raise funds.
A loan receivable that has proven uncollectible and is written off.
A record of the funds which have been credited to your account.
The length of time for which the customer is granted credit.
Standards set to determine the amount and nature of credit to extend to customers.
Restriction of loans by lenders so that not all borrowers willing to pay the current interest rate are able to obtain loans.
The risk that an issuer of debt securities or a borrower may default on his obligations, or that the
Financial and moral risk that an obligation will not be paid and a loss will result.
A statistical technique wherein several financial characteristics are combined to form a single
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
credit unions are community based financial co-operatives and most offer a full range of services. All are owned and controlled by members who are also shareholders. credit unions are regulated provincially and insured by a stabilization fund, deposit insurance or guarantee corporation.
The interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy.
Lender of money.
Person or business that is owed money.
Creditor (Credit Insurance)
A lender or lending institution that offers financing and loans to a borrower, for the purpose of acquiring a commodity.
Creditor Proof Protection
The creditor proof status of such things as life insurance, non-registered life insurance investments, life insurance RRSPs and life insurance RRIFs make these attractive products for high net worth individuals, professionals and business owners who may have creditor concerns. Under most circumstances the creditor proof rules of the different provincial insurance acts take priority over the federal bankruptcy rules.
Purchases of goods or services from suppliers on credit to whom the debt is not yet paid. Or a
Critical Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become seriously ill with a specified illness. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
Debt (Credit Insurance)
Money, goods or services that someone is obligated to pay someone else in accordance with an expressed or implied agreement. Debt may or may not be secured.
Demand line of credit
A bank line of credit that enables a customer to borrow on a daily or on-demand basis.
Disability Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group Insurance designed to cover monthly obligations due to a borrower being unable to work due to sickness or injury.
Intermediate-term loans of Eurocurrencies made by banking syndicates to corporate and
Revolving credit without maturity.
Export Credit Insurance
The granting of insurance to cover the commercial and political risks of selling in foreign markets.
Federal credit agencies
Agencies of the federal government set up to supply credit to various classes of
Five Cs of credit
Five characteristics that are used to form a judgement about a customer's creditworthiness:
Foreign tax credit
Home country credit against domestic income tax for foreign taxes paid on foreign
Formalized Line of Credit
A contractual commitment to make loans to a particular borrower up to a specified maximum during a specified period, usually one year.
Full Credit Period
The period of trade credit given by a supplier to its customer.
Full faith-and-credit obligations
The security pledges for larger municipal bond issuers, such as states and
Insurance Policy (Credit Insurance)
A policy under which the insurance company promises to pay a benefit of the person who is insured.
Investment tax credit
Proportion of new capital investment that can be used to reduce a company's tax bill
Investment Tax Credit
A reduction in taxes offered to firms to induce them to increase investment spending.
Job Loss Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become involuntarily unemployed. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
Lease (Credit Insurance)
Contract granting use of real estate, equipment or other fixed assets for a specified period of time in exchange for payment. The owner or a leased property is the lessor and the user the lessee.
Lender (Credit Insurance)
Individual or firm that extends money to a borrower with the expectation of being repaid, usually with interest. Lenders create debt in the form of loans. Lenders include financial institutions, leasing companies government lending agencies and automobile dealers.
Letter of credit (L/C)
A form of guarantee of payment issued by a bank used to guarantee the payment of
Letters of Credit
A letter of credit is a guarantee of payment by a bank (issuing institution)to a third party for a specific amount of money, if certain conditions are met.
Life Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Group Term life insurance that pays or reduces the balance due on a loan if the borrower dies before the loan is repaid.
Line of credit
An informal arrangement between a bank and a customer establishing a maximum loan
Line of credit
An informal arrangement between a bank and a customer establishing a maximum loan
line of credit
Agreement by a bank that a company may borrow at any time up to an established limit.
Line of Credit
An agreement negotiated between a borrower and a lender which establishes the maximum amount against which a borrower may draw. The agreement also sets out other conditions, such as how and when money borrowed against the line of credit is to be repaid.
line of credit
A revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit. You access the funds only as you need them, and any amount that you pay back becomes accessible to you again. Unlike a personal loan, a line of credit permits you to write cheques and make bank machine withdrawals, and requires you to pay interest only on the funds that you actually use.
Mortgage (Credit Insurance)
An agreement between a creditor and a borrower, where the creditor has loaned an amount to the borrower for purposes of purchasing a loan secured by a home.
Mortgage Life insurance (Credit Insurance)
Decreasing term life insurance that provides a death benefit amount corresponding to the decreasing amount owed on a mortgage.
Operating Line of Credit
A bank's commitment to make loans to a particular borrower up to a specified maximum for a specified period, usually one year.
Personal Line of credit (Credit Insurance)
A bank's commitment to make loans to a borrower up to a specified maximum during a specific period, usually one year.
personal line of credit (PLC)
A revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit. You access the funds only as you need them, and any amount that you pay back becomes accessible to you again. Unlike a personal loan, a PLC permits you to write cheques and make bank machine withdrawals, and requires you to pay interest only on the funds that you actually use.
Pre-existing medical condition (Credit Insurance)
A medical condition that existed before you became insured. Most policies exclude benefits if the condition is related to the event that triggers a claim if occurs within a certain period (6-12 months) after you became insured.
Premium (Credit Insurance)
Annual or monthly amounts payable, by a client, for a selected insurance coverage to insure debt obligations to their creditors are protected.
Refinancing (Credit Insurance)
Extending the maturity date or increasing the amount of existing debt or both. Also, revising a payment schedule, usually to reduce the monthly payments and often to modify interest charges.
credit granted by a firm to consumers for the purchase of goods or services.
Line of credit against which funds may be borrowed at any time, with regular scheduled repayments of a predetermined minimum amount.
Revolving credit agreement
A legal commitment wherein a bank promises to lend a customer up to a
Revolving line of credit
A bank line of credit on which the customer pays a commitment fee and can take
secured loan or line of credit
A lump sum of funds (loan), or a revolving source of credit with a pre-established limit (line of credit), for which the customer must provide collateral.
Strike Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that can pay down your debt should you become unemployed due to a legal strike in your place of work. The payment is made to your creditors to reduce your debt owing.
Period of delay allowed by a firm's supplier to pay its invoices. Frequently, the terms are : 2% discount on invoice if paid in 10 days or net if paid in 30 days.
Terminal Illness Insurance (Credit Insurance)
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment should you become terminally ill. The payment is made to your creditors to pay off your debt owing.
credit granted by a firm to another firm for the purchase of goods or services.
Waiting Period (Credit Insurance)
A specific time that must pass following the onset of a covered disability before any benefits will be paid under a creditor disability policy. (Also known as an elimination period).
Rule in bankruptcy proceedings whereby senior creditors are required to be paid in full
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Amounts a company owes to creditors.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing liabilities of a business
Amounts owed to a company by customers that it sold to on credit. Total accounts receivable are usually reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing debts owed to a
Accounts receivable turnover
The ratio of net credit sales to average accounts receivable, a measure of how
accounts receivable turnover ratio
A ratio computed by dividing annual
accrued expenses payable
The account that records the short-term, noninterest-
acid test ratio (also called the quick ratio)
The sum of cash, accounts receivable, and short-term marketable
Adjusted present value (APV)
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
A report issued to a company’s shareholders, creditors, and regulatory
the amount of overhead that has been assigned to Work in Process Inventory as a result of productive activity; credits for this amount are to an overhead account
Asset for asset swap
creditors exchange the debt of one defaulting borrower for the debt of another
Average collection period, or days' receivables
The ratio of accounts receivables to sales, or the total
Refers to accounts receivable from credit sales to customers
Line of credit granted by a bank to a customer.
A short-term credit investment created by a non-financial firm and guaranteed by a
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