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Definition of Cash transaction
A transaction where exchange is immediate, as contrasted to a forward contract, which
Transaction demand (for money)
The need to accommodate a firm's expected cash transactions.
NPV (net present value of cash flows)
Same as PV, but usually includes a subtraction for an initial cash outlay.
PV (present value of cash flows)
the value in today’s dollars of cash flows that occur in different time periods.
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a company. Usually
A forecasted summary of a firm's expected cash inflows and cash outflows as well as its
Cash and carry
Purchase of a security and simultaneous sale of a future, with the balance being financed
Cash and equivalents
The value of assets that can be converted into cash immediately, as reported by a
The actual physical commodity, as distinguished from a futures contract.
Cash conversion cycle
The length of time between a firm's purchase of inventory and the receipt of cash
A company that pays out all earnings per share to stockholders as dividends. Or, a company or
In general, the time between cash disbursement and cash collection. In net working capital
Cash deficiency agreement
An agreement to invest cash in a project to the extent required to cover any cash
The provision of some futures contracts that requires not delivery of underlying assets but
An incentive offered to purchasers of a firm's product for payment within a specified time
A dividend paid in cash to a company's shareholders. The amount is normally based on
A short-term security that is sufficiently liquid that it may be considered the financial
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash management bill
Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
A public equity issue that is sold to all interested investors.
The proportion of a firm's assets held as cash.
Cash settlement contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, that settle for cash, not involving
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Refers to a situation where a firm runs out of cash and cannot readily sell marketable securities.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
Discretionary cash flow
cash flow that is available after the funding of all positive NPV capital investment
Equivalent annual cash flow
Annuity with the same net present value as the company's proposed investment.
Expected future cash flows
Projected future cash flows associated with an asset of decision.
Free cash flows
cash not required for operations or for reinvestment. Often defined as earnings before
General cash offer
A public offering made to investors at large.
Publicly owned stock in a firm is replaced with complete equity ownership by a
Highly leveraged transaction (HLT)
Bank loan to a highly leveraged firm.
Incremental cash flows
Difference between the firm's cash flows with and without a project.
transaction carried out between two units of the same corporation.
A firm's cash balance as reported in its financial statements. Also called book cash.
Net cash balance
Beginning cash balance plus cash receipts minus cash disbursements.
Nominal cash flow
A cash flow expressed in nominal terms if the actual dollars to be received or paid out are given.
A cost, such as depreciation, depletion, and amortization, that does not involve any cash outflow.
Operating cash flow
Earnings before depreciation minus taxes. It measures the cash generated from
Real cash flow
A cash flow is expressed in real terms if the current, or date 0, purchasing power of the cash
Round-trip transactions costs
Costs of completing a transaction, including commissions, market impact
Scheduled cash flows
The mortgage principal and interest payments due to be paid under the terms of the
Statement of cash flows
A financial statement showing a firm's cash receipts and cash payments during a
A method of cash budgeting that is organized along the lines of the statement of cash flows.
Structured arbitrage transaction
A self-funding, self-hedged series of transactions that usually utilize
Symmetric cash matching
An extension of cash flow matching that allows for the short-term borrowing of
Target cash balance
Optimal amount of cash for a firm to hold, considering the trade-off between the
Any transaction that is not tax-free to the parties involved, such as a taxable acquisition.
Risk to a firm with known future cash flows in a foreign currency that arises from
The time, effort, and money necessary, including such things as commission fees and the
A loan extended by a bank for a specific purpose. In contrast, lines of credit and revolving
A desire to hold cash for the purpose of conducting cash based transactions.
Wanted for cash
A statement displayed on market tickers indicating that a bidder will pay cash for same day
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The balance in a company’s checking account(s) plus short-term or temporary investments (sometimes called “marketable securities”), which are highly liquid.
A statement that shows where a company’s cash came from and where it went for a period of time, such as a year.
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cash-flow statement that shows how much cash a company raised by selling stocks or bonds this year and how much was paid out for cash dividends and other finance-related obligations.
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cashflow statement that shows how much cash came in and went out because of various investing activities like purchasing machinery.
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
The amount of cash expended.
Cash Flow statement
A financial report that shows the movement in cash for a business during an accounting period.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
A method of investment appraisal that discounts future cash flows to present value using a discount rate, which is the risk-adjusted cost of capital.
The financial description of a business event.
Amounts held in currency and coin (commonly referred to as petty cash) and amounts on deposit in financial institutions.
Cash receipts journal
A journal used to record the transactions that result in a debit to cash.
The amount of currency and coin that a company keeps on hand to pay for small purchases and expenses.
Statement of Cash Flows
One of the basic financial statements; it lists the cash inflows and cash outflows of the company, grouped into the categories of operating activities, financing activities, and investing activities. The Statement of cash Flows is prepared for a specified period of time.
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
statement of cash flows
One of the three primary financial statements
discounted cash flow (DCF)
Refers to a capital investment analysis technique
free cash flow
Generally speaking, this term refers to cash flow from
negative cash flow
The cash flow from the operating activities of a business
operating cash flow
See cash flow from operating activities.
Free Cash Flow
The funds available for distribution to the capital providers of the
Operating Cash Flow
Income available after the payment of taxes, plus the value of the
the receipt or disbursement of cash; when related
cash received and paid over time.
Discounted cash flow
A technique that determines the present value of future cash
Statement of cash flows
Part of the financial statements; it summarizes an entity’s cash
A business event that has a monetary impact on an entity’s financial statements,
cash conversion cycle
Period between firm’s payment for materials
Business that produces a lot of cash but few growth prospects.
Payment of cash by the firm to its shareholders.
general cash offer
Sale of securities open to all investors by an already-public company.
statement of cash flows
Financial statement that shows the firm’s cash receipts and cash payments over a period of time.
Adjusted Cash Flow Provided by Continuing Operations
cash flow provided by operating
Currency, coin, and funds on deposit that are available for immediate withdrawal without
Highly liquid, fixed-income investments with original maturities of three months or less.
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