Yearly amount payable by a client for a policy or component.

# Related Terms:

After premiums have been paid for a number of years, further annual premiums may be paid by the current dividends and the surrender of some of the paid-up additions which have built up in the policy. In effect, the policy can begin to pay for itself. Whether a policy becomes eligible for premium offset, the date on which it becomes eligible and whether it remains eligible once premium offset begins, will all depend on how the dividend scale changes over the years. Since dividends are not guaranteed, premium offset cannot be guaranteed either.

the additional value inherent in the control interest as contrasted to a minority interest, which reflects its power of control

## Annual fund operating expenses

For investment companies, the management fee and "other expenses,"
including the expenses for maintaining shareholder records, providing shareholders with financial statements,
and providing custodial and accounting services. For 12b-1 funds, selling and marketing costs are included.

## Annual percentage rate (APR)

The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
quarterly return has an APR of 20%.

## Annual percentage yield (APY)

The effective, or true, annual rate of return. The APY is the rate actually
earned or paid in one year, taking into account the affect of compounding. The APY is calculated by taking
one plus the periodic rate and raising it to the number of periods in a year. For example, a 1% per month rate
has an APY of 12.68% (1.01^12).

## Annual report

Yearly record of a publicly held company's financial condition. It includes a description of the
firm's operations, its balance sheet and income statement. SEC rules require that it be distributed to all
shareholders. A more detailed version is called a 10-K.

## Annualized gain

If stock X appreciates 1.5% in one month, the annualized gain for that sock over a twelve
month period is 12*1.5% = 18%. Compounded over the twelve month period, the gain is (1.015)^12 = 19.6%.

## Annualized holding period return

The annual rate of return that when compounded t times, would have
given the same t-period holding return as actually occurred from period 1 to period t.

The percentage by which the conversion price in a convertible security exceeds the
prevailing common stock price at the time the convertible security is issued.

A differential in promised yield that compensates the investor for the risk inherent in
purchasing a corporate bond that entails some risk of default.

## Effective annual interest rate

An annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of
compounding.

## Effective annual yield

annualized interest rate on a security computed using compound interest techniques.

## Equivalent annual annuity

The equivalent amount per year for some number of years that has a present
value equal to a given amount.

## Equivalent annual benefit

The equivalent annual annuity for the net present value of an investment project.

## Equivalent annual cash flow

Annuity with the same net present value as the company's proposed investment.

## Equivalent annual cost

The equivalent cost per year of owning an asset over its entire life.

A currency trades at a forward premium when its forward price is higher than its spot price.

Forward rate minus expected future short-term interest rate.

## Nominal annual rate

An effective rate per period multiplied by the number of periods in a year.

The option price.

1) Amount paid for a bond above the par value.
2) The price of an option contract; also, in futures
trading, the amount the futures price exceeds the price of the spot commodity. Related: inverted market premium payback period. Also called break-even time, the time it takes to recover the premium per share of a
convertible security.

A bond that is selling for more than its par value.

The reward for holding the risky market portfolio rather than the risk-free asset. The spread
between Treasury and non-Treasury bonds of comparable maturity.

The most common approach for tactical asset allocation to determine the relative
valuation of asset classes based on expected returns.

An insurance policy bought by the sponsor of a pension plan for a single
premium. In return, the insurance company agrees to make lifelong payments to the employee (the
policyholder) when that employee retires.

## Stated annual interest rate

The interest rate expressed as a per annum percentage, by which interest
payment is determined.

The premium offered above the current market price in a tender offer.

Excess of the yields to maturity on long-term bonds over those of short-term bonds.

Also called time value, the amount by which the option price exceeds its intrinsic value. The
value of an option beyond its current exercise value representing the optionholder's control until expiration,
the risk of the underlying asset, and the riskless return.

## Annual Report

The report required by the Stock Exchange for all listed companies, containing the companyâ€™s financial statements.

## Effective Annual Yield

annualized rate of return on a security computed using compound
interest techniques

The additional rate of return required on a risky project
(investment) when compared to a risk-free project (investment)

## Annual report

A report issued to a companyâ€™s shareholders, creditors, and regulatory
organizations at the end of its fiscal year. It typically contains at least an income
statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and accompanying footnotes. It
may also contain management comments, an audit report, and other supporting
schedules that may be required by regulatory organizations.

## annual percentage rate (APR)

Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.

Difference in promised yields between a default-free bond and a riskier bond.

## effective annual interest rate

Interest rate that is annualized using compound interest.

## equivalent annual cost

The cost per period with the same present value as the cost of buying and operating a machine.

Risk premium of market portfolio. Difference between market return and return on risk-free Treasury bills.

Extra average return from investing in longversus short-term Treasury securities.

Expected return in excess of risk-free return as compensation for risk.

The difference between the yields of two bonds because of differences in their risk.

A nonqualified stock option whose option price is set substantially
higher than the current fair market value at the grant date.

This is a type of insurance for which the cost is distributed evenly over the premium payment period. The premium remains the same from year to year and is more than actual cost of protection in the earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost of protection in the later years. The excess paid in the early years builds up a reserve to cover the higher cost in the later years.

This is your payment for the cost of insurance. You may pay annually, semi-annually, quarterly or monthly. The least expensive method is annually. Using any of the other payment modes will cost you more money. For example, paying monthly will cost about 17% more. If you pay annually and terminate your coverage part way through the year, you may not receive a refund for the remaining months to the annual renewal date.
The cost of life insurance varies by age, sex, health, lifestyle, avocation and occupation. Generally speaking, the following is true at the time of applying for coverage; the older you are, the more will be the cost; of a male and female of the same age, the female will be considered 4 years younger; health problems will increase the cost of insurance and may result in rejection altogether; dangerous hobbies such as SCUBA diving, private flying, bungi jumping, parachuting, etc. may increase the cost of insurance and may result in rejection altogether; abuse of alcohol or drugs or a poor driving record will make getting coverage difficult.

This term relates to participating whole life insurance and the use of the dividend to reduce or completely eliminate the need for future premiums. In the 1980's life insurance company's profits from investment were exceedingly high compared to historical experience. It became common for a salesperson to show new prospective clients how quickly his or her insurance company's dividends would cover the future cost of future premiums. In some cases more emphasis was put on the value of future dividends than on the fact that future dividends were not guaranteed and could only be projected based on current earnings. Many life insurance buyers have since learned that the dividends they expected in the 80's no longer exist in the 90's and they are continuing to dig into their pockets to pay insurance premiums.

This is an option available to the applicant for life insurance which sets certain conditions under which an insurance policy will be kept in full force by the insurance company without the payment of premiums. Very specifically, a life insured would have to become totally disabled through injury or illness for a period of six months before the benefit kicks in. When it does, the insurance company retroactively pays premiums from the beginning of the disability until the time the insured is able to perform some form of regular activity. 'Totally disabled' is highlited here, because that is what is required to receive this benefit.

The difference between the required rate of return on a riskless asset with the same expected life.

## annual return

The fund return, for any 12-month period, including changes in unit value and the reinvestment of distributions, but not taking into account sales, redemption, distribution or other optional charges or income taxes payable by any unitholder that would reduce returns.

A benefit that automatically forfeits premium payments.

A premium that remains unchanged throughout the life of a policy

annual amount payable, by a client, for selected product or service.

annual or monthly amounts payable, by a client, for a selected insurance coverage to insure debt obligations to their creditors are protected.

Payment schedule of policy premiums, usually selected by the policy owner (monthly, quarterly, annually).

premiums paid for coverage not yet provided.

A benefit that allows CLA to pay premiums on behalf of the insured.

## Guaranteed investment contract (GIC)

A pure investment product in which a life company agrees, for a
single premium, to pay the principal amount of a predetermined annual crediting (interest) rate over the life of
the investment, all of which is paid at the maturity date.