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Definition of Account Value
The sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest.
An explanation or report in financial terms about the transactions of an organization.
The process of satisfying stakeholders in the organization that managers have acted in the best interests of the stakeholders, a result of the stewardship function of managers, which takes place through accounting.
A collection of systems and processes used to record, report and interpret business transactions.
A broad, all-inclusive term that refers to the methods and procedures
Administrative proceedings or litigation releases that entail an accounting or auditing-related violation of the securities laws.
An alteration in the accounting methodology or estimates used in
Earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
A business for which a separate set of accounting records is being
The representation of the double-entry system of accounting such that assets are equal to liabilities plus capital.
The formula Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Unintentional mistakes in financial statements. accounted for by restating
The change in the value of a firm's foreign currency denominated accounts due to a
Total liabilities exceed total assets. A firm with a negative net worth is insolvent on
Intentional misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures in
The ease and quickness with which assets can be converted to cash.
The period of time for which financial statements are produced – see also financial year.
The principles, bases, conventions, rules and procedures adopted by management in preparing and presenting financial statements.
Accounting rate of return (ARR)
A method of investment appraisal that measures
accounting rate of return (ARR)
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
‘Buckets’ within the ledger, part of the accounting system. Each account contains similar transactions (line items) that are used for the production of financial statements. Or commonly used as an abbreviation for financial statements.
Money owed to suppliers.
Amounts a company owes to creditors.
Amounts owed by the company for goods and services that have been received, but have not yet been paid for. Usually accounts payable involves the receipt of an invoice from the company providing the services or goods.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing liabilities of a business
Acurrent liability on the balance sheet, representing short-term obligations
Amounts due to vendors for purchases on open account, that is, not evidenced
Accounts Payable Days (A/P Days)
The number of days it would take to pay the ending balance
Money owed by customers.
Amounts owed to a company by customers that it sold to on credit. Total accounts receivable are usually reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts.
Amounts owed to the company, generally for sales that it has made.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing debts owed to a
A current asset on the balance sheet, representing short-term
Amounts due from customers for sales on open account, not evidenced
Money owed to a business for merchandise or services sold on open account.
Accounts Receivable Days (A/R Days)
The number of days it would take to collect the ending
Accounts receivable turnover
The ratio of net credit sales to average accounts receivable, a measure of how
accounts receivable turnover ratio
A ratio computed by dividing annual
The recording of revenue when earned and expenses when
Well, frankly, accrual is not a good descriptive
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income when it is earned and expenses when they are incurred.
An amount of money invested plus the interest earned on that money.
Adjusted present value (APV)
The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity
A forceful and intentional choice and application of accounting principles
Allowance for doubtful accounts
A contra account related to accounts receivable that represents the amounts that the company expects will not be collected.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
An estimate of the uncollectible portion of accounts receivable
approximated net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Average accounting return
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
Average age of accounts receivable
The weighted-average age of all of the firm's outstanding invoices.
Balance of Payments Accounts
A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.
The amount of cash payable on a benefit.
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A company's book value is its total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A
An asset’s cost basis minus accumulated depreciation.
The value of an asset as carried on the balance sheet of a
An asset’s original cost, less any depreciation that has been subsequently incurred.
Net worth of the firm’s assets or liabilities according
book value and book value per share
Generally speaking, these terms
BOOK VALUE OF COMMON STOCK
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
Book value per share
The ratio of stockholder equity to the average number of common shares. Book value
Book Value per Share
The book value of a company divided by the number of shares
an activity that is necessary for the operation of the business but for which a customer would not want to pay
Net result of public and private international investment and lending activities.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from purchases or sales of assets.
CAPITAL IN EXCESS OF PAR VALUE
What a company collected when it sold stock for more than the par value per share.
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
An amount the insurance company will pay if the policyholder ends a whole life
Cash Surrender Value
This is the amount available to the owner of a life insurance policy upon voluntary termination of the policy before it becomes payable by the death of the life insured. This does not apply to term insurance but only to those policies which have reduced paid up values and cash surrender values. A cash surrender in lieu of death benefit usually has tax implications.
Cash Surrender Value
Benefit that entitles a policy owner to an amount of money upon cancellation of a policy.
Cash value added (CVA)
A method of investment appraisal that calculates the ratio of the net present value of an
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in accounting that occurs as the result of new information
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in the implementation of an existing accounting
Change in Accounting Principle
A change from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principle—for example, a change from capitalizing expenditures
Chart of accounts
A listing of all accounts used in the general ledger, usually sorted in
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
Constant dollar accounting
A method for restating financial statements by reducing or
An offset to an asset account that reduces the balance of the asset account.
An account that reduces an equity account. An example is Treasury stock.
Method of accounting for sales or service agreements where completion
An account maintained in the general ledger that holds the balance without the detail. The detail is maintained in a subsidiary ledger.
Also called parity value, the value of a convertible security if it is converted immediately.
a discipline that focuses on techniques or
Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)
a body established by Congress in 1970 to promulgate cost accounting
Creative Accounting Practices
Any and all steps used to play the financial numbers game, including
Creative Acquisition Accounting
The allocation to expense of a greater portion of the price
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
The change in earnings of previous years
Cumulative Effect of Accounting Change
The change in earnings of previous years assuming
Cumulative Translation Adjustment (CTA) account
An entry in a translated balance sheet in which gains
Net flow of goods, services, and unilateral transactions (gifts) between countries.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
accounts over which an individual or organization, other than the person in whose
See accrual-basis accounting.
Economic Value Added (EVA)
Operating profit, adjusted to remove distortions caused by certain accounting rules, less a charge
economic value added (EVA)
a measure of the extent to which income exceeds the dollar cost of capital; calculated
economic value added (EVA)
Term used by the consulting firm Stern Stewart for profit remaining after deduction of the cost
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