|Variable price security|
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Definition of Variable price security
Variable price security
A security, such as stocks or bonds, that sells at a fluctuating, market-determined price.
The price at which a willing buyer and a willing unrelated seller would freely agree to
A dealer's price to sell a security; also called the offer price.
A security that is collateralized by loans, leases, receivables, or installment contracts
A debt or equity security not classified as a held-to-maturity security or a trading security. Can be classified as a current or noncurrent investment depending on the intended holding period.
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
price expressed in terms of yield to maturity or annual rate of return.
This is the quoted bid, or the highest price an investor is willing to pay to buy a security. Practically
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
Bond price excluding accrued interest.
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
An index calculated by tracking the cost of a typical bundle of consumer goods and services over time. It is commonly used to measure inflation.
A random value that can take any fractional value within specified ranges, as
Related:Market conversion price
The contractually specified price per share at which a convertible security can be
A security that can be converted into common stock at the option of the security holder,
A security representing a debt relationship with an enterprise, including a government
an unknown item for which a linear programming
The price fixed by the Clearing house at which deliveries on futures are in invoiced; also the
an unknown variable that is to be predicted
A financial security, such as an option, or future, whose value is derived in part from the
Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
Bond price including accrued interest, i.e., the price paid by the bond buyer.
Discrete random variable
A random variable that can take only a certain specified set of discrete possible
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Effective call price
The strike price in an optional redemption provision plus the accrued interest to the
Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA)
A federal Act that sets minimum operational and funding standards for employee benefit
A value determined within the context of a model.
Equilibrium market price of risk
The slope of the capital market line (CML). Since the CML represents the
An ownership interest in an enterprise, including preferred and common stock.
Escalating Price Option
A nonqualified stock option that uses a sliding scale for
security that grants the security holder the right to exchange the security for the
The price at which the underlying future or options contract may be bought or sold.
The price set for buying an asset (call) or selling an asset (put).
A variable whose value is determined outside the model in which it is used. Also called
Fair market price
Amount at which an asset would change hands between two parties, both having
The equilibrium price for futures contracts. Also called the theoretical futures price, which equals
Fair price provision
A nonnegotiable debt security that can be redeemed at some fixed price or according to
A security that pays a specified cash flow over a
Fixed price basis
An offering of securities at a fixed price.
Fixed-price tender offer
A one-time offer to purchase a stated number of shares at a stated fixed price,
Flat price (also clean price)
The quoted newspaper price of a bond that does not include accrued interest.
Flat price risk
Taking a position either long or short that does not involve spreading.
security paying dividends or interest that vary with short-term interest rates.
Also called dirty price, the price of a bond including accrued interest. Related: flat price.
The price at which the parties to a futures contract agree to transact on the settlement date.
A debt security for which the investing entity has both the positive
The highest (intraday) price of a stock over the past 52 weeks, adjusted for any stock splits.
The security to which a warrant is attached.
A convertible security whose optioned common stock is trading in a middle range, causing
a variable that, when changed, will
The price that the buyer of a futures contract must pay the seller when a Treasury Bond is delivered.
a critical factor that management believes will
Law of one price
An economic rule stating that a given security must have the same price regardless of the
law of one price
Theory that prices of goods in all countries should be equal when translated to a common currency.
Maximum price fluctuation
Maximum price fluctuation
This is the day's lowest price of a security that has changed hands between a buyer and a seller.
Low price-earnings ratio effect
The tendency of portfolios of stocks with a low price-earnings ratio to
Market conversion price
Also called conversion parity price, the price that an investor effectively pays for
Market price of risk
A measure of the extra return, or risk premium, that investors demand to bear risk. The
The amount of money that a willing buyer pays to acquire something from a willing seller,
An easily traded investment, such as treasury bills, which is
Marketplace price efficiency
The degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace
material price variance
total actual cost of material purchased
Materials price variance
The difference between the actual and budgeted cost to
Maximum price fluctuation
The maximum amount the contract price can change, up or down, during one
Minimum price fluctuation
Smallest increment of price movement possible in trading a given contract. Also
Monthly income preferred security (MIP)
Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven.
Mortgage pass-through security
Also called a passthrough, a security created when one or more mortgage
negotiated transfer price
an intracompany charge for goods
price quotations on futures for a period in which no actual trading took place.
A debt or equity security for which there is no posted price or bidand-
Normal random variable
A random variable that has a normal probability distribution.
The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were
Optimum selling price
The price at which profit is maximized, which takes into account the cost behaviour of fixed and variable costs and the relationship between price and demand for a product/service.
Also called the option premium, the price paid by the buyer of the options contract for the right
A firm that reacts to excess supply or excess demand by adjusting price rather than quantity. Contrast with quantity adjuster.
Compares a stock's market value to the value of total assets less total liabilities (book
The limitation of the price appreciation potential for a callable bond in a declining interest
Price discovery process
The process of determining the prices of the assets in the marketplace through the
price-earnings (P/E) multiple (ratio)
Ratio of stock price to earnings per share.
Price / Earnings (P/E) Ratio
The ratio of price to earnings. Faster growing or less-risky firms typically have higher P/E ratios than either slower-growing or more risky firms.
Price/earnings ratio (PE ratio)
Shows the "multiple" of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current
price/earnings ratio (price to earnings ratio, P/E ratio, PE ratio)
This key ratio equals the current market price
The percentage change in the quantity divided by the percentage change in the price.
a practice by which firms conspire to set a products
Ease with which prices adjust in response to excess supply or demand.
Price impact costs
Related: market impact costs
A measure of the price level calculated by comparing the cost of a bundle of goods and services in a given year with its cost in a base year. See also index.
A weighted average of prices of all goods and services where the weights are given by total spending on each good or service. Measured by a price index.
Related: Relative strength
Related: Relative strength
The risk that the value of a security (or a portfolio) will decline in the future. Or, a type of
Price/sales ratio (PS Ratio)
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
Adjustment mechanism under the classical gold standard whereby
Resistance of prices to change.
See market mechanism.
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