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Definition of unit-driven expenses
expenses that vary in close proportion to changes
expenses that have to be recorded in order for the financial statements to be accurate. Accrued expenses usually do not involve the receipt of an invoice from the company providing the goods or services.
The account that records the short-term, noninterest-
For investment companies, the management fee and "other expenses,"
Dollar deposits held in Singapore or other Asian centers.
a unit that has been rejected at a control inspection
Doctrine that says a nation may not be tried in the courts of another country
an approximation of the number of whole units of output that could have been
An index of foreign exchange consisting of about 10 European currencies,
The costs incurred in buying, making or producing goods and services.
Costs involved in running the company.
Cost of doing business which does not change with the volume of business. Examples might be rent for business premises, insurance payments, heat and light.
expenses or costs that remain the same in amount,
The options to identify additional, more valuable investment opportunities
What was spent to run the non-sales and non-manufacturing part of a company, such as office salaries and interest paid on loans.
Opportunity to invest in profitable projects.
Net present value of growth opportunities
A model valuing a firm in which net present value of new
The total amount that was spent to run a company this year.
The amount of money the company must spend on overhead, distribution, taxes, underwriting the risk and servicing the policy. It is a factor in calculating premium rates.
The lost opportunity of not doing something, which may be financial or non-financial, e.g. time.
a potential benefit that is foregone because
Lost revenue that would otherwise have been realized if a different
Benefit or cash flow forgone as a result of an action.
The forgone value of an alternative not chosen, usually the most profitable alternative.
Opportunity cost of capital
Expected return that is foregone by investing in a project rather than in
opportunity cost of capital
the highest rate of return that
opportunity cost of capital
Expected rate of return given up by investing in a project.
The difference in the performance of an actual investment and a desired investment
The possible expected return and standard deviation pairs of all portfolios that can be
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
A federal Act requiring the reporting of new hires into a national database.
Portfolio opportunity set
The expected return/standard deviation pairs of all portfolios that can be
expenses that have been paid for but have not yet been used up; examples are prepaid insurance and prepaid rent.
Present value of growth opportunities (NPV)
Net present value of investments the firm is expected to make
present value of growth opportunities (PVGO)
Net present value of a firm’s future investments.
Operating expenses that vary in proportion to
What was spent to run the sales part of a company, such as sales salaries, travel, meals, and lodging for salespeople, and advertising.
a unit that is rejected at a control inspection
total units to account for
the sum of the beginning inventory
Unit benefit formula
Method used to determine a participant's benefits in a defined benefit plan by
Unit investment trust
Money invested in a portfolio whose composition is fixed for the life of the fund.
a cost caused by the production or acquisition
The profit per unit sold of a product after deducting product
Unit of measure (UOM, UofM)
The summarization unit by which an item is tracked, such as a
UNITS OF PRODUCTION
A depreciation method that relates a machine’s depreciation to the number of units it makes each
units started and completed
the difference between the number of units completed for the period and the units in beginning inventory; it can also be computed as the number of units started during the period minus the units in ending inventory
Those that vary with the amount of goods you produce or sell. These may include utility bills, labor, etc.
expenses that change with changes in either sales volume
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