Information about financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit.
Main Page: financial advisor, business, credit, inventory, payroll, tax advisor, accounting, financial,
Definition of Underlying Results
Earnings after removing the effects of nonrecurring or nonoperating items.
benchmarking in which an end product or service is examined; the focus is on product/service specifications and performance results
security’s risk-free interest rate.
The asset that an option gives the option holder the right to buy or to sell.
Options: the security subject to being purchased or sold upon exercise of an option
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
An alteration in the accounting methodology or estimates used in
A method of investment appraisal that measures
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
American Stock Exchange (AMEX)
The second-largest stock exchange in the United States. It trades
Amortizing interest rate swap
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
Annual percentage rate (APR)
The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
annual percentage rate (APR)
Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.
Arithmetic average (mean) rate of return
Arithmetic mean return.
Arm's length price
The price at which a willing buyer and a willing unrelated seller would freely agree to
A dealer's price to sell a security; also called the offer price.
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated
Gives the lessee the option to purchase the asset at a price below fair market
Base interest rate
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
price expressed in terms of yield to maturity or annual rate of return.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
the process of investigating how others do something better so that the investigating company can imitate,
This is the quoted bid, or the highest price an investor is willing to pay to buy a security. Practically
Bill of exchange
General term for a document demanding payment.
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
book rate of return
Accounting income divided by book value.
Break-even payment rate
The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
Break-even tax rate
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Broker loan rate
Related: Call money rate.
A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly
A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
The price, specified at issuance, at which the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond at a
The price for which a bond can be repaid before maturity under a call provision.
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in accounting that occurs as the result of new information
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in the implementation of an existing accounting
Change in Accounting Principle
A change from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principle—for example, a change from capitalizing expenditures
Change in Reporting Entity
A change in the scope of the entities included in a set of, typically, consolidated financial statements.
Changes in Financial Position
Sources of funds internally provided from operations that alter a company's
Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)
A not-for-profit corporation owned by its members. Its primary
Bond price excluding accrued interest.
A strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both
Commodities Exchange Center (CEC)
The location of five New York futures exchanges: Commodity
a foundation for the compensation plan that addresses the role compensation should play in the organization
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
an organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company
A firm engaged in two or more unrelated businesses.
A merger involving two or more firms that are in unrelated businesses.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI, as it is called, measures the prices of consumer goods and services and is a
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
An index calculated by tracking the cost of a typical bundle of consumer goods and services over time. It is commonly used to measure inflation.
The percentage tax charged by a state to an employer to
Conversion parity price
Related:Market conversion price
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be exchanged, at the
The contractually specified price per share at which a convertible security can be
The acquisition of one firm by anther firm.
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
A legal document creating a corporation.
One of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Corporate processing float
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
cost leadership strategy
a plan to achieve the position in a
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
The nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the
Annual interest payment as a percentage of face value.
Covered call writing strategy
A strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor
Covered or hedge option strategies
Strategies that involve a position in an option as well as a position in the
The interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy.
The exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates
The return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value.
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
The change in earnings of previous years
Cumulative Effect of Accounting Change
The change in earnings of previous years assuming
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
Refers to multi-period cash flow matching.
The price fixed by the Clearing house at which deliveries on futures are in invoiced; also the
A financial instrument that is based on some underlying asset.
Contracts such as options and futures whose price is derived from the price of the
Markets for derivative instruments.
A financial security, such as an option, or future, whose value is derived in part from the
Devaluation A decrease in the spot price of the currency
a technique for avoiding competition by distinguishing a product or service from that of competitors through adding sufficient value (including quality and/or features) that customers are willing to pay
Bond price including accrued interest, i.e., the price paid by the bond buyer.
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
The interest rate that the Federal Reserve charges a bank to borrow funds when a bank is
The rate of interest used to calculate the present value of a stream
the rate of return used to discount future cash
Interest rate used to compute present values of future cash flows.
The interest rate at which the Fed is prepared to loan reserves to commercial banks.
Related to : financial, finance, business, accounting, payroll, inventory, investment, money, inventory control, stock trading, financial advisor, tax advisor, credit.