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Definition of Transmission Mechanism
The channels by which a change in the demand or supply of money affects aggregate demand for goods and services.
The methodology by which members of the EMS maintain their
The system whereby using prices, the interaction of supply and demand allocates inputs and distributes outputs.
Adjustment mechanism under the classical gold standard whereby
Schedule of depreciation rates allowed for tax purposes.
Any depreciation method that produces larger deductions for depreciation in the
(1) The estimated useful life of the fixed asset being depreciated is
Any of several methods that recognize an increased amount
Coverage that provides a lump-sum payment to you or your survivors if an accident results in the loss of a limb, paralysis or your death.
Provides additional financial security should an insured person be dismembered or lose the use of a limb as the result of an accident.
A method of investment appraisal that measures
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A strategy that uses available information and forecasting techniques to seek a
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
Money after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate.
The discount rate that reflects only the business risks of a project and abstracts from the
American Stock Exchange (AMEX)
The second-largest stock exchange in the United States. It trades
Amortizing interest rate swap
Swap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates
Annual percentage rate (APR)
The periodic rate times the number of periods in a year. For example, a 5%
annual percentage rate (APR)
Interest rate that is annualized using simple interest.
Arithmetic average (mean) rate of return
Arithmetic mean return.
markets in which the prevailing price is determined through the free interaction of
Auction rate preferred stock (ARPS)
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
Average rate of return (ARR)
The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested.
Average tax rate
Taxes as a fraction of income; total taxes divided by total taxable income.
average tax rate
Total taxes owed divided by total income.
A strategy in which the maturities of the securities included in the portfolio are concentrated
Base interest rate
Related: Benchmark interest rate.
Basic business strategies
Key strategies a firm intends to pursue in carrying out its business plan.
Any market in which prices are in a declining trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally
A prolonged period of falling stock market prices.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will
Bill of exchange
General term for a document demanding payment.
An illegal market.
Blue Ribbon Committee on Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees
A committee formed in response to SEC chairman Arthur Levitt's initiative to improve the financial
book rate of return
Accounting income divided by book value.
Break-even payment rate
The prepayment rate of a MBS coupon that will produce the same CFY as that of
Break-even tax rate
The tax rate at which a party to a prospective transaction is indifferent between entering
Broker loan rate
Related: Call money rate.
A market where an intermediary offers search services to buyers and sellers.
Any market in which prices are in an upward trend.
A market in which stock or bond prices are generally rising.
A prolonged period of rising stock market prices.
The foreign market in the United Kingdom.
A strategy in which a portfolio is constructed so that the maturities of its securities are highly
A passive investment strategy with no active buying and selling of stocks from the
Call money rate
Also called the broker loan rate , the interest rate that banks charge brokers to finance
The market for trading long-term debt instruments (those that mature in more than one year).
The market in which investors buy and sell shares of companies, normally associated with a Stock exchange.
A market that specializes in trading long-term, relatively high risk
The market in which savings are made available to those needing funds to undertake investment projects. A financial market in which longer-term (maturity greater than one year) bonds and stocks are traded.
Capital market efficiency
Reflects the relative amount of wealth wasted in making transactions. An efficient
Capital market imperfections view
The view that issuing debt is generally valuable but that the firm's
Capital market line (CML)
The line defined by every combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
markets for long-term financing.
A discount rate used to find the present value of a series of future cash receipts. Sometimes called discount rate.
cash burn rate
A relatively recent term that refers to how fast a business
Also called spot markets, these are markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security
Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)
A not-for-profit corporation owned by its members. Its primary
Coefficient of determination
A measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and
coefficient of determination
a measure of dispersion that
A strategy in which a put and with the same strike price and expiration are either both
Commodities Exchange Center (CEC)
The location of five New York futures exchanges: Commodity
An agreement between two or more countries that permits the free movement of capital
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
a foundation for the compensation plan that addresses the role compensation should play in the organization
Complete capital market
A market in which there is a distinct marketable security for each and every
computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
the integration of two or more flexible manufacturing systems through the use of a host computer and an information networking system
an organizational strategy in which company management decides to confront, rather than avoid, competition; an organizational strategy in which company management still attempts to differentiate company
A firm engaged in two or more unrelated businesses.
A merger involving two or more firms that are in unrelated businesses.
The percentage tax charged by a state to an employer to
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be exchanged, at the
Corner A Market
To purchase enough of the available supply of a commodity or stock in order to
The acquisition of one firm by anther firm.
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
A legal document creating a corporation.
One of the three areas of the discipline of finance. It deals with the operation of the firm
Corporate financial management
The application of financial principals within a corporation to create and
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Corporate processing float
The time that elapses between receipt of payment from a customer and the
Corporate tax view
The argument that double (corporate and individual) taxation of equity returns makes
Corporate taxable equivalent
rate of return required on a par bond to produce the same after-tax yield to
cost leadership strategy
a plan to achieve the position in a
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
The nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the
Annual interest payment as a percentage of face value.
Covered call writing strategy
A strategy that involves writing a call option on securities that the investor
Covered or hedge option strategies
Strategies that involve a position in an option as well as a position in the
Conditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower.
The interest rate offered on an investment type insurance policy.
The exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates
The return at which two alternative projects have the same net present value.
Current rate method
Under this currency translation method, all foreign currency balance-sheet and income
A market where traders specializing in particular commodities buy and sell assets for their
The market for trading debt instruments.
Refers to multi-period cash flow matching.
markets for derivative instruments.
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash
a technique for avoiding competition by distinguishing a product or service from that of competitors through adding sufficient value (including quality and/or features) that customers are willing to pay
Direct search market
Buyers and sellers seek each other directly and transact directly.
the rate of return on investment that would be required by a prudent investor to invest in an asset with a specific level risk. Also, a rate of return used to convert a monetary sum, payable or receivable in the future, into present value.
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