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Term Structure of Interest Rates |
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Definition of Term Structure of Interest RatesTerm Structure of Interest RatesRelationship among interest rates on bonds with different terms to maturity.
Related Terms:Expectations hypothesis theoriesTheories of the term structure of interest rates which include the pure Inflation uncertaintyThe fact that future inflation rates are not known. It is a possible contributing factor to Term repoA repurchase agreement with a term of more than one day. Theoretical spot rate curveA curve derived from theoretical considerations as applied to the yields of Yield curveThe graphical depiction of the relationship between the yield on bonds of the same credit quality Accrued interestThe accumulated coupon interest earned but not yet paid to the seller of a bond by the Accrued InterestThe amount of interest accumulated on a debt security between Accrued InterestThe amount of interest owing but not paid. Amortizing interest rate swapSwap in which the principal or national amount rises (falls) as interest rates Base interest rateRelated: Benchmark interest rate. Benchmark interest rateAlso called the base interest rate, it is the minimum interest rate investors will Best-interests-of-creditors testThe requirement that a claim holder voting against a plan of reorganization Capital structureThe makeup of the liabilities and stockholders' equity side of the balance sheet, especially Capital StructureThe combination of debt, preferred stock, and common stock used capital structureFirm’s mix of long-term financing. Capital StructureThe mix of the various types of debt and equity capital maintained by a firm. The more debt capital a firm has in its capital structure, the more highly leveraged the firm is considered to be. capital structure, or capitalizationterms that refer to the combination of Capitalized interestinterest that is not immediately expensed, but rather is considered as an asset and is then Capitalized Interestinterest incurred during the construction period on monies invested in Cash flow after interest and taxesNet income plus depreciation. Coefficient of determinationA measure of the goodness of fit of the relationship between the dependent and coefficient of determinationa measure of dispersion that Compound interestinterest paid on previously earned interest as well as on the principal. Compound Interestinterest paid on principal and on interest earned in previous compound interesta method of determining interest in which interest that was earned in prior periods is added to the original investment so that, in each successive period, interest is earned on both principal and interest compound interestinterest earned on interest. Compound Interestinterest earned on an investment at periodic intervals and added to principal and previous interest earned. Each time new interest earned is calculated it is on a combined total of principal and previous interest earned. Essentially, interest is paid on top of interest. cost structurethe relative composition of an organization’s Covered interest arbitrageA portfolio manager invests dollars in an instrument denominated in a foreign Credit TermsConditions under which credit is extended by a lender to a borrower. Cross ratesThe exchange rate between two currencies expressed as the ratio of two foreign exchange rates Daily Interest AccumulationAccount in which interest is accrued daily and credited to the account at the end of a specified time. Deterministic modelsLiability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash DisintermediationWithdrawal of funds from a financial institution in order to invest them directly. earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)A measure of profit that Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)A financial measure defined as revenues less cost of goods sold Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)The operating profit before deducting interest and tax. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)The operating profit before deducting interest, tax, depreciation and amortization. Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA)An earningsbased measure that, for many, serves as a surrogate for cash flow. Actually consists of working Effective annual interest rateAn annual measure of the time value of money that fully reflects the effects of effective annual interest rateinterest rate that is annualized using compound interest. Effective Interest RateThe rate of interest actually earned on an investment. It is Equilibrium rate of interestThe interest rate that clears the market. Also called the market-clearing interest Euro-medium term note (Euro-MTN)A non-underwritten Euronote issued directly to the market. Euro- expectations theory of exchange ratesTheory that expected spot exchange rate equals the forward rate. Financial intermediariesInstitutions that provide the market function of matching borrowers and lenders or financial intermediaryFirm that raises money from many small investors and provides financing to businesses or other Financial IntermediaryAny institution, such as a bank, that takes deposits from savers and loans them to borrowers. Financial IntermediationThe process whereby financial intermediaries channel funds from lender/savers to borrower/spenders. Fixed Interest RateA rate that does not fluctuate with general market conditions. Flexible TermOptional periods of time which the conditions of a contract will be carried out. Floating Interest RateA rate that fluctuates with general market condition. Forward interest rateinterest rate fixed today on a loan to be made at some future date. fractional interest discountthe combined discounts for lack of control and marketability. g the constant growth rate in cash flows or net income used in the ADF, Gordon model, or present value factor. Gross interestinterest earned before taxes are deducted. Growth ratesCompound annual growth rate for the number of full fiscal years shown. If there is a negative Guaranteed Interest Annuity (GIA)interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term. Guaranteed Interest Certificate (GIC)interest bearing investment with fixed rate and term. InfrastructureBasic facilities, such as transportation, communication, and legal systems, on which economic activity depends. Insurable InterestIn England in the 1700's it was popular to bet on the date of death of certain prominent public figures. Anyone could buy life insurance on another's life, even without their consent. Unfortunately, some died before it was their time, dispatched prematurely in order that the life insurance proceeds could be collected. In 1774, English Parliament passed a law which restricted the right to be a beneficiary on a life insurance contract to those who would suffer an economic loss when the life insured died. The law also provided that a person has an unlimited insurable interest in his own life. It is still a legal stipulation that an insurance contract is not valid unless insurable interest exists at the time the policy is issued. Life Insurance companies will not, however, issue unlimited amounts of coverage to an individual. The amount of life insurance which will be approved has to approximate the loss caused by the death of the individual and must not result in a windfall for the beneficiary. InterestThe price paid for borrowing money. It is expressed as a percentage rate over a period of time and InterestThe cost of money, received on investments or paid on borrowings. InterestThe cost of funds loaned to an entity. It can also refer to the equity ownership InterestA charge for the use of money supplied by a lender. interestThe cost of a loan or the compensation paid for the use of money. For example, you are paid interest for deposits you make into a savings account, and you pay interest for money that you borrow from a low-cost borrowing account. Interest coverage ratioThe ratio of the earnings before interest and taxes to the annual interest expense. This Interest coverage testA debt limitation that prohibits the issuance of additional long-term debt if the issuer's Interest equalization taxTax on foreign investment by residents of the U.S. which was abolished in 1974. Interest FactorNumbers found in compound interest and annuity tables. Usually called the FVIF or PVIF. Interest incomeIncome that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies. Interest on interestinterest earned on reinvestment of each interest payment on money invested. Interest-only strip (IO)A security based solely on the interest payments form a pool of mortgages, Treasury Interest OptionOne of several investment accounts in which your premiums may be invested within your life insurance policy. Interest payableThe amount of interest that is owed but has not been paid at the end of a period. Interest paymentsContractual debt payments based on the coupon rate of interest and the principal amount. Interest RateCost of using money, expressed as a rate per period of time, usually one year. Interest RateRate charged or paid for the use of money, normally expressed as a percentage Interest rate agreementAn agreement whereby one party, for an upfront premium, agrees to compensate the Interest rate capAlso called an interest rate ceiling, an interest rate agreement in which payments are made Interest rate ceilingRelated: interest rate cap. Interest Rate DifferentialThe interest rate on our financial assets minus the interest rate on a foreign country's financial assets. Interest rate floorAn interest rate agreement in which payments are made when the reference rate falls Interest Rate, NominalPayment for the use of borrowed funds, measured as a percentage per year of these funds. Interest rate on debtThe firm's cost of debt capital. interest rate parityTheory that forward premium equals interest rate differential. Interest Rate ParityTheory that real interest rates are approximately the same across countries except for a risk premium. Interest rate parity theoreminterest rate differential between two countries is equal to the difference Interest Rate, RealNominal interest rate less expected inflation. Interest rate riskThe risk that a security's value changes due to a change in interest rates. For example, a Interest Rate RiskPossibility that interest rates will rise during the term of a loan thereby increasing the annual cost of borrowing. Interest rate swapA binding agreement between counterparties to exchange periodic interest payments on Interest subsidyA firm's deduction of the interest payments on its debt from its earnings before it calculates Interest tax shieldThe reduction in income taxes that results from the tax-deductibility of interest payments. interest tax shieldTax savings resulting from deductibility of interest payments. Intermarket sectorspread The spread between the interest rate offered in two sectors of the bond market for Intermarket spread swapsAn exchange of one bond for another based on the manager's projection of a IntermediaryAn independent third party that may act as a mediator during negotiations. Intermediate GoodA good used in producing another good. Intermediate-termTypically 1-10 years.
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