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Definition of Stock split
Occurs when a firm issues new shares of stock but in turn lowers the current market price of its
Issue of additional shares to firm’s stockholders.
A proportionate decrease in the number of shares, but not the value of shares of stock
The highest (intraday) price of a stock over the past 52 weeks, adjusted for any stock splits.
After a stock split, the number of shares distributed for each share held and the date of the
Compares a stock's market value to the value of total assets less total liabilities (book
Shows the "multiple" of earnings at which a stock sells. Determined by dividing current
Determined by dividing current stock price by revenue per share (adjusted for stock splits).
Indicator of profitability. Determined by dividing net income for the past 12
A merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the acquiree's stock.
Publicly traded issues that may be collateralized by mortgages and MBSs.
The second-largest stock exchange in the United States. It trades
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products using a
Floating rate preferred stock, the dividend on which is adjusted every
The beta of a stock is determined as follows:
The theoretical amount per share that each stockholder would receive if a company’s assets were sold on the balance sheet’s date. Book value equals:
Ownership shares issued by a business corporation. A business
The total amount of plant, equipment, and other physical capital.
These are securities that represent equity ownership in a company. Common shares let an
Shares of ownership sold to the public.
A financial security that represents an ownership claim on the
Ownership shares in a publicly held corporation.
That part of the capital stock of a corporation that carries voting rights and represents
Common stock equivalent
A convertible security that is traded like an equity issue because the optioned
Common stock market
The market for trading equities, not including preferred stock.
Common stock/other equity
Value of outstanding common shares at par, plus accumulated retained
Common stock ratios
Ratios that are designed to measure the relative claims of stockholders to earnings
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
Inventories owned by a company, but located on the premises
Convertible exchangeable preferred stock
Convertible preferred stock that may be exchanged, at the
Convertible preferred stock
Preferred stock that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
Cost of Common Stock
The rate of return required by the investors in the common stock of
Cost of Preferred Stock
The rate of return required by the investors in the preferred stock of
Cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose dividends accrue, should the issuer not make timely
The informal and frequently unauthorized retention of excess inventory on the shop floor, which is used as buffer safety stock.
Direct stock-purchase programs
The purchase by investors of securities directly from the issuer.
Dividend yield (Stocks)
Indicated yield represents annual dividends divided by current stock price.
Earnings per share of common stock
How much profit a company made on each share of common stock this year.
Employee stock fund
A firm-sponsored program that enables employees to purchase shares of the firm's
Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP)
A company contributes to a trust fund that buys stock on behalf of
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
a profit-sharing compensation program in which investments are made in
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
A fund containing company stock and owned by employees, paid for by ongoing contributions by the employer.
Exchange of stock
Acquisition of another company by purchase of its stock in exchange for cash or shares.
Low-cost, high-usage inventory items stored near the shop floor,
Common stock of a company that has an opportunity to invest money and earn more than the
Heavenly Parachute Stock Option
A nonqualified stock option that allows a deceased option holder’s estate up to three years in which to exercise his or her
Incentive Stock Option
An option to purchase company stock that is not taxable
This is a tax planning strategy of arranging for income to be transferred to family members who are in lower tax brackets than the one earning the income, thus reducing taxes. Even though attribution rules limit income splitting, there are still a number of legitimate ways to do so, such as through the use of spousal RRSPs.
Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.
Privately placed common stock, so-called because the SEC requires a letter from the purchaser
stocks that are traded on an exchange.
stocks that are traded on an exchange.
A production scheduling system under which products are completed
Margin account (Stocks)
A leverageable account in which stocks can be purchased for a combination of
net realizable value at split-off allocation
a method of allocating joint cost to joint products that uses, as the proration base, sales value at split-off minus all costs necessary
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Also known as the Big Board or The Exhange. More than 2,00 common
No par value stock
stock issued by the company that does not have an arbitrary value (par value) assigned to it.
Non-cumulative preferred stock
Preferred stock whose holders must forgo dividend payments when the
Nonqualified Stock Option
A stock option not given any favorable tax treatment
Outbound stock point
A designated inventory location on the shop floor between
Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX)
A securities exchange where American and European foreign
A security that ranks junior to preferred stock but senior to common stock in the right to
Preferred equity redemption stock (PERC)
Preferred stock that converts automatically into equity at a
A security that shows ownership in a corporation and gives the holder a claim, prior to the
A type of equity security where holders have a claim on the assets
A type of stock that usually pays a fixed dividend prior to any distributions
stock that takes priority over common stock in regard to dividends.
Preferred stock agreement
A contract for preferred stock.
Preferred Stock Stock that has a claim on assets and dividends of a corporation that are prior
to that of common stock. Preferred stock typically does not carry the right to vote.
RATE OF RETURN ON STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The percentage return or profit that management made on each dollar stockholders invested in a company. Here’s how you figure it:
RATIO OF DEBT TO STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
A ratio that shows which group—creditors or stockholders—has the biggest stake in or the most control of a company:
Redeemable Preferred Stock
A preferred stock issue that must be redeemed by the issuing enterprise or is redeemable at the option of the investor. Considered a debt security for accountingpurposes.
Repurchase of stock
Device to pay cash to firm's shareholders that provides more preferable tax treatment
a buffer level of inventory kept on hand by a company in the event of fluctuating usage or unusual delays in lead time
Extra inventory kept on hand to guard against requirements
Sales value at split-off
A cost allocation methodology that allocates joint costs to joint
sales value at split-off allocation
a method of assigning joint cost to joint products that uses the relative sales values of the products at the split-off point as the proration basis; use of this method requires that all joint products
Sometimes, companies split their outstanding shares into a larger number of shares. If a company with 1
The practice of ordering large quantities on a single purchase order,
Split Dollar Life Insurance
The split dollar concept is usually associated with cash value life insurance where there is a death benefit and an accumulation of cash value. The basic premise is the sharing of the costs and benefits of a life insurance policy by two or more parties. Usually one party owns and pays for the insurance protection and the other owns and pays for the cash accumulation. There is no single way to structure a split dollar arrangement. The possible structures are limited only by the imagination of the parties involved.
An option on an option. The buyer generally executes the split fee with first an initial fee,
the point at which the outputs of a joint process are first identifiable or can be separated as individual products
The point in a production process when clearly identifiable joint costs
Split-rate tax system
A tax system that taxes retained earnings at a higher rate than earnings that are
Stated value stock
stock issued by the company that does not have a par value, but does have a stated value. For accounting purposes, stated value is functionally equivalent to par value.
Ownership of a corporation which is represented by shares which represent a piece of the corporation's
Certificates that signify ownership in a corporation. A share of stock represents a claim on a portion of the company’s assets.
Units of ownership, also called shares, in a public corporation. Owners of such units, called shareholders, share in the earnings of the company through dividends. The price of a stock is determined by supply and demand in the stock market.
Any item held in inventory.
stock appreciation right
a right to receive cash, stock, or a combination of cash and stock based on the difference between a specified dollar amount per share of stock and the quoted market price per share at some future date
A document that identifies a stockholder’s ownership share in a corporation.
Payment of a corporate dividend in the form of stock rather than cash. The stock dividend
Distribution of additional shares to a firm’s stockholders.
Formal organizations, approved and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission
Stock index option
An option in which the underlying is a common stock index.
Also called the equity market, the market for trading equities.
An option in which the underlying is the common stock of a corporation.
a right allowing the holder to purchase shares of common stock during some future time frame and at a specified price
A right to purchase a specific maximum number of shares at a specific
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