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Single-level bill of material

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Definition of Single-level bill of material

Single-level Bill Of Material Image 1

Single-level bill of material

A list of all components used in a parent item.



Related Terms:

accepted quality level (AQL)

the maximum limit for the number of defects or errors in a process


Advance material request

Very early orders for materials before the completion
of a product design, given the long lead times required to supply some items.


batch-level cost

a cost that is caused by a group of things
being made, handled, or processed at a single time


Bill and Hold Practices

Products that have been sold with an explicit agreement that delivery
will occur at a later, often yet-to-be-determined, date.
Capitalize To report an expenditure or accrual as an asset as opposed to expensing it and charging it against earnings currently.


Bill of exchange

General term for a document demanding payment.



Bill of lading

A contract between the exporter and a transportation company in which the latter agrees to
transport the goods under specified conditions which limit its liability. It is the exporter's receipt for the goods
as well as proof that goods have been or will be received.


Bill of materials

A listing of all the materials and quantities that go to make up a completed product.


Single-level Bill Of Material Image 2

bill of materials

a document that contains information about
the product materials components and their specifications
(including quality and quantities needed)


Bill of materials

An itemization of the parts and subassemblies required to create a
product, frequently including assumed scrap rates that will arise as part of the production
process.


Bill of materials (BOM)

A listing of all parts and subassemblies required to produce one
unit of a finished product, including the required number of units of each part
and subassembly.


Breeder bill of materials

A bill of material that accounts for the generation and
cost implications of byproducts as a result of manufacturing the parent item.


Cash management bill

Very short maturity bills that the Treasury occasionally sells because its cash
balances are down and it needs money for a few days.


Confidence level

The degree of assurance that a specified failure rate is not exceeded.


Cost Plus Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings

Revenue recognized to date under the percentage-of-completion method in excess of amounts billed. Also known as unbilled accounts
receivable.


direct material

a readily identifiable part of a product; the cost of such a part


Direct materials cost

The cost of all materials used in a cost object, such as finished goods.


Single-level Bill Of Material Image 3

Direct materials mix variance

The variance between the budgeted and actual mixes of
direct materials costs, both using the actual total quantity used. This variance isolates
the unit cost of each item, excluding all other variables.


Due bill

An instrument evidencing the obligation of a seller to deliver securities sold to the buyer.
Occasionally used in the bill market.



Earmarked material

Inventory that has been physically marked as being for a
specific purpose.


Indented bill of material

A bill of material reporting format under which successively
lower levels of components are indented farther away from the left
margin.


Invoice billing

billing system in which the invoices are sent off at the time of customer orders are all separate
bills to be paid.


Level-coupon bond

Bond with a stream of coupon payments that are the same throughout the life of the bond.


Level pay

The characteristic of the scheduled principal and interest payments due under a mortgage such that
total monthly payment of P&I is the same while characteristically the principal payment component of the
monthly payment becomes gradually greater while the monthly interest payment becomes less.


Level Premium

A premium that remains unchanged throughout the life of a policy


Level Premium Life Insurance

This is a type of insurance for which the cost is distributed evenly over the premium payment period. The premium remains the same from year to year and is more than actual cost of protection in the earlier years of the policy and less than the actual cost of protection in the later years. The excess paid in the early years builds up a reserve to cover the higher cost in the later years.


material mix variance

(actual mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X actual quantity X standardprice);
it computes the monetary effect of substituting a nonstandard mix of material


material price variance

total actual cost of material purchased
minus (actual quantity of material  standard
price); it is the amount of money spent below (favorable)
or in excess (unfavorable) of the standard price for the
quantity of materials purchased; it can be calculated based
on the actual quantity of material purchased or the actual
quantity used


Single-level Bill Of Material Image 4

material quantity variance

(actual quantity X standard price) - (standard quantity allowed  standard price);
the standard cost saved (favorable) or expended (unfavorable)
due to the difference between the actual quantity
of material used and the standard quantity of material
allowed for the goods produced during the period



Material requirements planning

A computerized system used to calculate material
requirements for a manufacturing operation.


Material requirements planning (MRP)

A computer-driven production methodology
that manufactures products based on an initial demand forecast. It tends to result in
more inventory of all types than a just-in-time (JIT) production system.


material requisition form

a source document that indicates
the types and quantities of material to be placed into production
or used in performing a service; it causes materials
and its cost to be released from the Raw material Inventory
warehouse and sent to Work in Process Inventory


Material review board

A company committee typically comprising members representing
multiple departments, which determines the disposition of inventory
items that will not be used in the normal manufacturing or distribution process.


material yield variance

(standard mix X actual quantity X standard price) - (standard mix X standard quantity X standard price);
it computes the difference between the
actual total quantity of input and the standard total quantity
allowed based on output and uses standard mix and
standard prices to determine variance


Materiality

The proportional size of a financial misstatement. It can be construed as
the net impact on reported profits, or the percentage or dollar change in a specific
line item.


Materiality

A characterization of the magnitude of a financial statement item's effect on a
company's overall financial condition and performance. An item is material when its size is
likely to influence decisions of investors or creditors.


Materials price variance

The difference between the actual and budgeted cost to
acquire materials, multiplied by the total number of units purchased.


Materials quantity variance

The difference between the actual and budgeted quantities
of material used in the production process, multiplied by the standard cost per
unit.


Materials requirement planning

Computer-based systems that plan backward from the production schedule
to make purchases in order to manage inventory levels.


materials requirements planning (MRP)

a computerbased information system that simulates the ordering and
scheduling of demand-dependent inventories; a simulation
of the parts fabrication and subassembly activities that are
required, in an appropriate time sequence, to meet a production
master schedule


Materials requisition

A document listing the quantities of specific parts to be withdrawn
from inventory.


Matrix bill of material

A bill of materials chart listing the bills for similar products,
which is useful for determining common components.


Modular bill of material

A bill of material format in which components and subassemblies
are clustered by product option, so one can more easily plan for the
assembly of finished goods with different configurations.


Multilevel bill of material

An itemization of all bill of material components, including
a nested categorization of all components used for subassemblies.


Nonconforming material

Any inventory item that does not match its original design
specifications within approved tolerance levels.


Offal material

The waste materials resulting from a production process.


online bill payment

The electronic payment of a bill via the Internet. The specified amount of the bill is electronically debited from your account.


organizational-level cost

a cost incurred to support the ongoing
facility or operations


Phantom bill of material

A bill of materials for a subassembly that is not normally
kept in stock, because it is used at once as part of a higher-level assembly or
finished product.


Price Level

A weighted average of prices of all goods and services where the weights are given by total spending on each good or service. Measured by a price index.


product- (or process-) level cost

a cost that is caused by the development, production, or acquisition of specific products or services


Raw material

Base-level items used by the manufacturing process to create either
subassemblies or finished goods.


Raw material supply agreement

As used in connection with project financing, an agreement to furnish a
specified amount per period of a specified raw material.


Raw materials

Unprocessed goods bought for manufacture, part of inventory.


Raw materials inventory

The total cost of all component parts currently in stock that
have not yet been used in work-in-process or finished goods production.


Repair bill of material

A special bill itemizing changes needed to refurbish an
existing product.


Reprocessed material

material that has been reworked and returned to stock.


Reserved material

material that has been reserved for a specific purpose.


Resistance level

A price level above which it is supposedly difficult for a security or market to rise.


Single country fund

A mutual fund that invests in individual countries outside the United States.


Single factor model

A model of security returns that acknowledges only one common factor.
See: factor model.


Single index model

A model of stock returns that decomposes influences on returns into a systematic factor,
as measured by the return on the broad market index, and firm specific factors.


Single-index model

Related: market model


Single-payment bond

A bond that will make only one payment of principal and interest.


Single-premium deferred annuity

An insurance policy bought by the sponsor of a pension plan for a single
premium. In return, the insurance company agrees to make lifelong payments to the employee (the
policyholder) when that employee retires.


Single sourcing

Using a single supplier as the only source of a part.


Statement billing

billing method in which the sales for a period such as a month (for which a customer also
receives invoices) are collected into a single statement and the customer must pay all of the invoices
represented on the statement.


Summarized bill of materials

A bill of materials format showing the grand total
usage requirement for each component of a finished product.


Support level

A price level below which it is supposedly difficult for a security or market to fall.


T-bill

See Treasury bill.


Tax anticipation bills (TABs)

Special bills that the Treasury occasionally issues that mature on corporate
quarterly income tax dates and can be used at face value by corporations to pay their tax liabilities.


Treasury bill

Short-term U.S. government security issued at a discount from
the face value and paying the face value at maturity.


Treasury Bill

A short-term (less than one year) government discount bond.


Treasury Bill

Short-term government security.


Treasury bills

Debt obligations of the U.S. Treasury that have maturities of one year or less. Maturities for Tbills
are usually 91 days, 182 days, or 52 weeks.


U.S. Treasury bill

U.S. government debt with a maturity of less than a year.


Unbilled Accounts Receivable

Revenue recognized under the percentage-of-completion
method in excess of amounts billed. Also known as cost plus estimated earnings in excess of
billings.


unit-level cost

a cost caused by the production or acquisition
of a single unit of product or the delivery of a single
unit of service



 

 

 

 

 

 

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