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return on assets (ROA) |
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Definition of return on assets (ROA)return on assets (ROA)Although there is no single uniform practice for Return on assets (ROA)Indicator of profitability. Determined by dividing net income for the past 12 months
Related Terms:Abnormal returnsPart of the return that is not due to systematic influences (market wide influences). In Absolute Right of ReturnGoods may be returned to the seller by the purchaser without restrictions. Accounting rate of return (ARR)A method of investment appraisal that measures accounting rate of return (ARR)the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow Acquisition of assetsA merger or consolidation in which an acquirer purchases the selling firm's assets. After-tax real rate of returnMoney after-tax rate of return minus the inflation rate. annual returnThe fund return, for any 12-month period, including changes in unit value and the reinvestment of distributions, but not taking into account sales, redemption, distribution or other optional charges or income taxes payable by any unitholder that would reduce returns. Annualized holding period returnThe annual rate of return that when compounded t times, would have Arithmetic average (mean) rate of returnArithmetic mean return. Arithmetic mean returnAn average of the subperiod returns, calculated by summing the subperiod returns AssetsA firm's productive resources. ASSETSAnything of value that a company owns. AssetsThings that the business owns. AssetsItems owned by the company or expenses that have been paid for but have not been used up. Assets requirementsA common element of a financial plan that describes projected capital spending and the Average accounting returnThe average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average Average rate of return (ARR)The ratio of the average cash inflow to the amount invested. book rate of returnAccounting income divided by book value. Book ReturnsBook yield is the investment income earned in a year on a portfolio of assets purchased over a number of years and at different interest rates, divided by the book value of those assets. CARs (cumulative abnormal returns)a measure used in academic finance articles to measure the excess returns an investor would have received over a particular time period if he or she were invested in a particular stock. Cross-sectional approachA statistical methodology applied to a set of firms at a particular point in time. Cumulative abnormal return (CAR)Sum of the differences between the expected return on a stock and the Current assetsValue of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, marketable securities and other assets that Current assetsCash, things that will be converted into cash within a year (such as accounts receivable), and inventory. Current assetsAmounts receivable by the business within a period of 12 months, including bank, debtors, inventory and prepayments. current assetsCurrent refers to cash and those assets that will be turned Current AssetsCash and other company assets that can be readily turned into cash within one year. Debt service parity approachAn analysis wherein the alternatives under consideration will provide the firm Dollar returnThe return realized on a portfolio for any evaluation period, including (1) the change in market Dollar-weighted rate of returnAlso called the internal rate of return, the interest rate that will make the Ex post returnRelated: Holding period return Exante returnThe expected return of a portfolio based on the expected returns of its component assets and Excess return on the market portfolioThe difference between the return on the market portfolio and the Excess returnsAlso called abnormal returns, returns in excess of those required by some asset pricing model. Exchange of assetsAcquisition of another company by purchase of its assets in exchange for cash or stock. Expected future returnThe return that is expected to be earned on an asset in the future. Also called the Expected returnThe return expected on a risky asset based on a probability distribution for the possible rates Expected ReturnThe total amount of money (return) an investor anticipates to receive from an investment. Expected return-beta relationshipImplication of the CAPM that security risk premiums will be Expected return on investmentThe return one can expect to earn on an investment. See: capital asset Financial assetsClaims on real assets. financial assetsClaims to the income generated by real assets. Also called securities. Fixed assetsThings that the business owns and are part of the business infrastructure – fixed assets may be fixed assetsAn informal term that refers to the variety of long-term operating Fixed AssetsLand, buildings, plant, equipment, and other assets acquired for carrying on the business of a company with a life exceeding one year. Normally expressed in financial accounts at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Fixed Assets Turnover RatioA measure of the utilization of a company's fixed assets to Geometric mean returnAlso called the time weighted rate of return, a measure of the compounded rate of Holding period returnThe rate of return over a given period. Horizon returnTotal return over a given horizon. Incremental internal rate of returnIRR on the incremental investment from choosing a large project Intangible assetsassets owned by the company that do not possess physical substance; they usually take the form of rights and privileges such as patents, copyrights, and franchises. Intangible fixed assetsNon-physical assets, e.g. customer goodwill or intellectual property (patents and trademarks). Internal rate of returnDollar-weighted rate of return. Discount rate at which net present value (NPV) Internal rate of return a. The average annual yield earned by an investment during the period held. Internal rate of returnThe rate of return at which the present value of a series of future Internal rate of return (IRR)A discounted cash flow technique used for investment appraisal that calculates the effective cost of capital that produces a net present value of zero from a series of future cash flows and an internal rate of return (IRR)The precise discount rate that makes the Internal Rate of Return (IRR)The discount rate that equates the present value of the net cash internal rate of return (IRR)the expected or actual rate of internal rate of return (IRR)Discount rate at which project NPV = 0. Inventory returnsInventory returned from a customer for any reason. This receipt Leveraged required returnThe required return on an investment when the investment is financed partially by debt. Long-term assetsValue of property, equipment and other capital assets minus the depreciation. This is an Longer-Term Fixed Assetsassets having a useful life greater than one year but the duration of the 'long term' will vary with the context in which the term is applied. Market returnThe return on the market portfolio. Money rate of returnAnnual money return as a percentage of asset value. Multiple rates of returnMore than one rate of return from the same project that make the net present value Net assetsThe difference between total assets on the one hand and current liabilities and noncapitalized longterm net realizable value approacha method of accounting for by-products or scrap that requires that the net realizable value of these products be treated as a reduction in the cost of the primary products; primary product cost may be reduced by decreasing either Non-reproducible assetsA tangible asset with unique physical properties, like a parcel of land, a mine, or a Optimization approach to indexingAn approach to indexing which seeks to Optimize some objective, such Other assetsA cluster of accounts that are listed after fixed assets on the balance sheet, Other current assetsValue of non-cash assets, including prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, due Personal Assetsassets, the title of which are held personally rather than in the name of some other legal entity. Portfolio internal rate of returnThe rate of return computed by first determining the cash flows for all the Preferred Stock Stock that has a claim on assets and dividends of a corporation that are priorto that of common stock. Preferred stock typically does not carry the right to vote. Publicly traded assetsassets that can be traded in a public market, such as the stock market. Purchase returnsA contra account that reduces purchases by the amount of items purchased that were subsequently returned. Quick assetsCurrent assets minus inventories. rate of returnTotal income per period per dollar invested. Rate of Returnreturn on invested capital (calculated as a percentage). Often an investor has, as one of their investment criteria, a minimum acceptable rate of return on an acquisition. RATE OF RETURN ON STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITYThe percentage return or profit that management made on each dollar stockholders invested in a company. Here’s how you figure it: RATE OF RETURN ON TOTAL ASSETSThe percentage return or profit that management made on each dollar of assets. The formula is: Rate of return ratiosRatios that are designed to measure the profitability of the firm in relation to various Real assetsIdentifiable assets, such as buildings, equipment, patents, and trademarks, as distinguished from a real assetsassets used to produce goods and services. Realizable Revenue A revenue transaction where assets received in exchange for goods andservices are readily convertible into known amounts of cash or claims to cash. Realized returnThe return that is actually earned over a given time period. realized value approacha method of accounting for byproducts or scrap that does not recognize any value for these products until they are sold; the value recognized Reproducible assetsA tangible asset with physical properties that can be reproduced, such as a building or Required returnThe minimum expected return you would require to be willing to purchase the asset, that is, Residual assetsassets that remain after sufficient assets are dedicated to meet all senior debtholder's claims in full. Residual dividend approachAn approach that suggests that a firm pay dividends if and only if acceptable ReturnThe change in the value of a portfolio over an evaluation period, including any distributions made ReturnSee yield. return of capitalthe recovery of the original investment (or principal) in a project return on capitalincome; it is equal to the rate of return multiplied by the amount of the investment Return on capital employed (ROCE)The operating profit before interest and tax as a percentage of the total shareholders’ funds plus
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