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Definition of Registered representative
A person registered with the CFTC who is employed by, and soliciting business
A bond whose issuer records ownership and interest payments. Differs from a bearer bond
Commonly referred to as an RPP this is a tax sheltered employee group plan approved by Federal and Provincial governments allowing employees to have deductions made directly from their wages by their employer with a resulting reduction of income taxes at source. These plans are easy to implement but difficult to dissolve should the group have a change of heart. Employer contributions are usually a percentage of the employee's salary, typically from 3% to 5%, with a maximum of the lessor of 20% or $3,500 per annum. The employee has the same right of contribution. Vesting is generally set at 2 years, which means that the employee has right of ownership of both his/her and his/her employers contributions to the plan after 2 years. It also means that all contributions are locked in after 2 years and cannot be cashed in for use by the employee in a low income year. Should the employee change jobs, these funds can only be transferred to the RPP of a new employer or the funds can be transferred to an individual RRSP (or any number of RRSPs) but in either scenario, the funds are locked in and cannot be accessed until at least age 60. The only choices available to access locked in RPP funds after age 60 are the conversion to a Life Income Fund or a Unisex Annuity.
Commonly referred to as a RRIF, this is one of the options available to RRSP holders to convert their tax sheltered savings into taxable income.
Commonly referred to as an RRSP, this is a tax sheltered and tax deferred savings plan recognized by the Federal and Provincial tax authorities, whereby deposits are fully tax deductable in the year of deposit and fully taxable in the year of receipt. The ability to defer taxes on RRSP earnings allows one to save much faster than is ordinarily possible. The new rules which apply to RRSP's are that the holder of such a plan must convert it into income by the end of the year in which the holder turns age 69. The choices for conversion are to simply cash it in an pay full tax in the year of receipt, convert it to a RRIF and take a varying stream of income, paying tax on the amount received annually until the income is exhausted, or converting it into an annuity with guaranteed payments for a chosen number of years, again paying tax each year on moneys received.
A member of the exchange who executes frequent trades for his or her own account.
A savings plan registered with Revenue Canada, which allows you to set aside a portion of your earned income now for use in the future. When you contribute to your RRSP, you are eligible to claim a tax deduction. However, cashing RRSPs at a later date will result in the payment of tax.
This is an RRSP owned by the spouse of the person contributing to it. The contributor can direct up to 100% of eligible RRSP deposits into a spousal RRSP each and every year. Contributing to a spouses RRSP reduces the amount one can contribute to one's own RRSP, however, if the spouse is a lower income earner, it is an excellent way in which to split income for lower taxation in retirement years.
A retirement plan set up by an employer, into which employees can
A retirement plan similar to a 401k plan, except that it is designed
A bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid to the investor during the time of accrual.
A budgeting process using summary-level information to
A plan by U.S. Treasury Secretary James Baker under which 15 principal middle-income debtor
bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local
A long-term, interest-bearing promissory note that companies may use to borrow money for periods of time such as five, ten, or twenty years.
A long-term debt instrument in which the issuer (borrower) is
Security that obligates the issuer to make specified payments
A financial asset taking the form of a promise by a borrower to repay a specified amount (the bond's face value) on a maturity date and to make fixed periodic interest payments.
Usually a fixed interest security under which the issuer contracts to pay the lender a fixed principal amount at a stated date in the future, and a series of interest payments, either semi-annually or annually. Interest payments may vary through the life of bond.
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. Short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
Fixed interest security issued by a corporation or government, having a specific maturity date.
A contract for privately placed debt.
A contractual provision in a bond indenture. A positive covenant requires certain actions, and
The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.
Bond equivalent yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.
Bond Equivalent Yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method
The contract that sets forth the promises of a corporate bond issuer and the rights of
Designing a portfolio so that its performance will match the performance of some bond index.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A system that monitors and evaluates the performance of a fixed-income portfolio , as well as the
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
bonds issued by emerging countries under a debt reduction plan.
bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
Foreign bond issue made in London.
A flexible benefits plan authorized under the Internal Revenue
cafeteria plan a “menu” of fringe benefit options that include
cash or nontaxable benefits
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
Canada Pension Plan (CPP)
A plan that provides retirement and long term disability income benefits to residents of Canadian provinces (excluding Quebec).
Canada Savings Bonds
A bond issued each year by the federal government. These bonds can be cashed in at any time for their full face value.
Collateral trust bonds
A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
Insurance that a construction contract will be successfully completed.
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
Contingent pension liability
Under ERISA, the firm is liable to the plan participants for up to 39% of the net
bond that the holder may exchange for a specified number of shares.
bonds that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
A eurobond that can be converted into another asset, often through exercise of
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
Corporate financial planning
Financial planning conducted by a firm that encompasses preparation of both
Any bond with a coupon. Contrast with discount bond.
High-coupon bonds that sell at only at a moderate premium because they are callable at a
An unsecured bond whose holder has the claim of a general creditor on all assets of the
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Defined benefit plan
A pension plan in which the sponsor agrees to make specified dollar payments to
Defined Benefit Plan
A pension plan that pays out a predetermined dollar
Defined contribution plan
A pension plan in which the sponsor is responsible only for making specified
Defined Contribution Plan
A qualified retirement plan under which the employer
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
Dividend reinvestment plan (DRP)
Automatic reinvestment of shareholder dividends in more shares of a
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Educational Assistance Plan
A plan that an employer creates on behalf of its
Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP)
A company contributes to a trust fund that buys stock on behalf of
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
a profit-sharing compensation program in which investments are made in
Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)
A fund containing company stock and owned by employees, paid for by ongoing contributions by the employer.
enterprise resource planning (ERP) system
a packaged software program that allows a company to
Enterprise resource planning system
A computer system used to manage all company
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
An insurance program designed to provide funds for insured's dependents upon death of the insured, and to also conserve, as much as possible, the personal assets that the insured wants to bequeath to heirs.
A bond that is (1) underwritten by an international syndicate, (2) offered at issuance
A debt security issued in a market other than the home market of
bond that is marketed internationally.
Eurobonds denominated in U.S.dollars.
Eurobonds denominated in Japanese yen.
bond whose maturity can be extended at the option of the lender or issuer.
A financial blueprint for the financial future of a firm.
The process of evaluating the investing and financing options available to a firm. It
Arrangement used to finance inventory. A finance company buys the inventory, which is then
Government bonds that are acceptable at par in payment of federal estate taxes when owned by
A bond issued on the domestic capital market of anther company.
Foreign bond market
That portion of the domestic bond market that represents issues floated by foreign
Full coupon bond
A bond with a coupon equal to the going market rate, thereby, the bond is selling at par.
General obligation bonds
Municipal securities secured by the issuer's pledge of its full faith, credit, and
bonds that are designed so as to qualify for immediate trading in any domestic capital market
See: Government securities.
High-coupon bond refunding
Refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.
Hourly Rate Plan
A method for calculating wages for hourly employees that involves
A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
bond whose payments are linked to an index, e.g. the consumer price index.
Industrial revenue bond (IRB)
bond issued by local government agencies on behalf of corporations.
A municipal bond backed both by the credit of the municipal issuer and by commercial
Defined benefit pension plans that are guaranteed by life insurance products. Related: noninsured plans
Insured Retirement Plan
This is a recently coined phrase describing the concept of using Universal Life Insurance to tax shelter earnings which can be used to generate tax-free income in retirement. The concept has been described by some as "the most effective tax-neutralization strategy that exists in Canada today."
A collective term that refers to global bonds, Eurobonds, and foreign bonds.
The movement of inventory from one company location to
Investment grade bonds
A bond that is assigned a rating in the top four categories by commercial credit
A bond with a speculative credit rating of BB (S&P) or Ba (Moody's) or lower is a junk or high
bond with a rating below Baa or BBB.
bond with a stream of coupon payments that are the same throughout the life of the bond.
Limited-tax general obligation bond
A general obligation bond that is limited as to revenue sources.
bonds with a long current maturity. The "long bond" is the 30-year U.S. government bond.
bonds with a long current maturity. The "long bond" is the 30-year U.S. government bond.
Long-term financial plan
Financial plan covering two or more years of future operations.
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