Financial Terms Registered Retirement Income Fund (Canada)

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# Definition of Registered Retirement Income Fund (Canada)

## Registered Retirement Income Fund (Canada)

Commonly referred to as a RRIF, this is one of the options available to RRSP holders to convert their tax sheltered savings into taxable income.

# Related Terms:

## Annual fund operating expenses

For investment companies, the management fee and "other expenses,"
including the expenses for maintaining shareholder records, providing shareholders with financial statements,
and providing custodial and accounting services. For 12b-1 funds, selling and marketing costs are included.

## Balanced fund

An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.

## Balanced mutual fund

This is a fund that buys common stock, preferred stock and bonds. The same as a
balanced fund.

## Beta (Mutual Funds)

The measure of a fund's or stocks risk in relation to the market. A beta of 0.7 means
the fund's total return is likely to move up or down 70% of the market change; 1.3 means total return is likely
to move up or down 30% more than the market. Beta is referred to as an index of the systematic risk due to
general market conditions that cannot be diversified away.

## Beta equation (Mutual Funds)

The beta of a fund is determined as follows:
[(n) (sum of (xy)) ]-[ (sum of x) (sum of y)]
[(n) (sum of (xx)) ]-[ (sum of x) (sum of x)]
where: n = # of observations (36 months)
x = rate of return for the S&P 500 Index
y = rate of return for the fund

## Closed-end fund

An investment company that sells shares like any other corporation and usually does not
redeem its shares. A publicly traded fund sold on stock exchanges or over the counter that may trade above or
below its net asset value. Related: Open-end fund.

## Cost of funds

Interest rate associated with borrowing money.

## Dividend yield (Funds)

Indicated yield represents return on a share of a mutual fund held over the past 12
months. Assumes fund was purchased 1 year ago. Reflects effect of sales charges (at current rates), but not
redemption charges.

## Economic income

Cash flow plus change in present value.

## Employee stock fund

A firm-sponsored program that enables employees to purchase shares of the firm's
common stock on a preferential basis.

## Endowment funds

Investment funds established for the support of institutions such as colleges, private
schools, museums, hospitals, and foundations. The investment income may be used for the operation of the
institution and for capital expenditures.

## Federal funds

Non-interest bearing deposits held in reserve for depository institutions at their district Federal
Reserve Bank. Also, excess reserves lent by banks to each other.

## Federal funds market

The market where banks can borrow or lend reserves, allowing banks temporarily
short of their required reserves to borrow reserves from banks that have excess reserves.

## Federal funds rate

This is the interest rate that banks with excess reserves at a Federal Reserve district bank
charge other banks that need overnight loans. The Fed funds rate, as it is called, often points to the direction
of U.S. interest rates.

## Fixed-income equivalent

Also called a busted convertible, a convertible security that is trading like a straight
security because the optioned common stock is trading low.

## Fixed-income instruments

Assets that pay a fixed-dollar amount, such as bonds and preferred stock.

## Fixed-income market

The market for trading bonds and preferred stock.

## Forward Fed funds

Fed funds traded for future delivery.

## Fund family

Set of funds with different investment objectives offered by one management company. In many
cases, investors may move their assets from one fund to another within the family at little or no cost.

## Fundamental analysis

Security analysis that seeks to detect misvalued securities by an analysis of the firm's
business prospects. Research analysis often focuses on earnings, dividend prospects, expectations for future
interest rates, and risk evaluation of the firm.

## Fundamental beta

The product of a statistical model to predict the fundamental risk of a security using not
only price data but other market-related and financial data.

## Fundamental descriptors

In the model for calculating fundamental beta, ratios in risk indexes other than
market variability, which rely on financial data other than price data.

## Funded debt

Debt maturing after more than one year.

## Funding ratio

The ratio of a pension plan's assets to its liabilities.

## Funding risk

Related: interest rate risk

## Funds From Operations (FFO)

Used by real estate and other investment trusts to define the cash flow from
trust operations. It is earnings with depreciation and amortization added back. A similar term increasingly
used is funds Available for Distribution (FAD), which is FFO less capital investments in trust property and
the amortization of mortgages.

## Global fund

A mutual fund that can invest anywhere in the world, including the U.S.

## Hedge fund

A fund that may employ a variety of techniques to enhance returns, such as both buying and
shorting stocks based on a valuation model.

## High-coupon bond refunding

Refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.

## Income beneficiary

One who receives income from a trust.

## Income bond

A bond on which the payment of interest is contingent on sufficient earnings. These bonds are
commonly used during the reorganization of a failed or failing business.

## Income fund

A mutual fund providing for liberal current income from investments.

## Income statement (statement of operations)

A statement showing the revenues, expenses, and income (the
difference between revenues and expenses) of a corporation over some period of time.

## Income stock

Common stock with a high dividend yield and few profitable investment opportunities.

## Index fund

Investment fund designed to match the returns on a stockmarket index.

## International fund

A mutual fund that can invest only outside the United States.

## International Monetary Fund

An organization founded in 1944 to oversee exchange arrangements of
member countries and to lend foreign currency reserves to members with short-term balance of payment
problems.

## Investment income

The revenue from a portfolio of invested assets.
Investment management Also called portfolio management and money management, the process of
managing money.

## Liability funding strategies

Investment strategies that select assets so that cash flows will equal or exceed
the client's obligations.

## Load fund

A mutual fund with shares sold at a price including a large sales charge -- typically 4% to 8% of
the net amount indicated. Some "no-load" funds have distribution fees permitted by article 12b-1 of the
Investment Company Act; these are typically 0. 25%. A "true no-load" fund has neither a sales charge nor
Freddie Mac program, the aggregation that the fund purchaser receives some investment advice or other
service worthy of the charge.

## Low-coupon bond refunding

Refunding of a low coupon bond with a new, higher coupon bond.

## Match fund

A bank is said to match fund a loan or other asset when it does so by buying (taking) a deposit of
the same maturity. The term is commonly used in the Euromarket.

## Money market fund

A mutual fund that invests only in short term securities, such as bankers' acceptances,
commercial paper, repurchase agreements and government bills. The net asset value per share is maintained at
\$1. 00. Such funds are not federally insured, although the portfolio may consist of guaranteed securities
and/or the fund may have private insurance protection.

## Monthly income preferred security (MIP)

Preferred stock issued by a subsidiary located in a tax haven.
The subsidiary relends the money to the parent.

## Mutual fund

Mutual funds are pools of money that are managed by an investment company. They offer
investors a variety of goals, depending on the fund and its investment charter. Some funds, for example, seek
to generate income on a regular basis. Others seek to preserve an investor's money. Still others seek to invest
in companies that are growing at a rapid pace. funds can impose a sales charge, or load, on investors when
they buy or sell shares. Many funds these days are no load and impose no sales charge. Mutual funds are
investment companies regulated by the Investment Company Act of 1940.
Related: open-end fund, closed-end fund.

## Mutual fund theorem

A result associated with the CAPM, asserting that investors will choose to invest their
entire risky portfolio in a market-index or mutual fund.

## Net advantage of refunding

The net present value of the savings from a refunding.

## Net income

The company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business,
depreciation, interest, taxes and other expenses.

## No load mutual fund

An open-end investment company, shares of which are sold without a sales charge.
There can be other distribution charges, however, such as Article 12B-1 fees. A true "no load" fund will have
neither a sales charge nor a distribution fee.

## No-load fund

A mutual fund that does not impose a sales commission. Related: load fund

## Nonrefundable

Not permitted, under the terms of indenture, to be refundable.

## Objective (mutual fund)

The fund's investment strategy category as stated in the prospectus. There are
more than 20 standardized categories.

## Open-end fund

Also called a mutual fund, an investment company that stands ready to sell new shares to the
public and to redeem its outstanding shares on demand at a price equal to an appropriate share of the value of
its portfolio, which is computed daily at the close of the market.

## Overfunded pension plan

A pension plan that has a positive surplus (i.e., assets exceed liabilities).

Refunded bond.

## Private Export Funding Corporation (PEFCO)

Company that mobilizes private capital for financing the
export of big-ticket items by U.S. firms by purchasing at fixed interest rates the medium- to long-term debt
obligations of importers of U.S. products.

## Purchase fund

Resembles a sinking fund except that money is used only to purchase bonds if they are selling
below their par value.

## Pure index fund

A portfolio that is managed so as to perfectly replicate the performance of the market portfolio.

## Refundable

Eligible for refunding under the terms of indenture.

## Refunded bond

Also called a prerefunded bond, one that originally may have been issued as a general
obligation or revenue bond but that is now secured by an "escrow fund" consisting entirely of direct U.S.
government obligations that are sufficient for paying the bondholders.

## Refunding

The redemption of a bond with proceeds received from issuing lower-cost debt obligations
ranking equal to or superior to the debt to be redeemed.

## Regional fund

A mutual fund that invests in a specific geographical area overseas, such as Asia or Europe.

## Registered bond

A bond whose issuer records ownership and interest payments. Differs from a bearer bond
which is traded without record of ownership and whose possession is the only evidence of ownership.

## Registered representative

A person registered with the CFTC who is employed by, and soliciting business
for, a commission house or futures commission merchant.

## Registered trader

A member of the exchange who executes frequent trades for his or her own account.

## Revenue fund

A fund accounting for all revenues from an enterprise financed by a municipal revenue bond.

## Single country fund

A mutual fund that invests in individual countries outside the United States.

## Sinking fund requirement

A condition included in some corporate bond indentures that requires the issuer to
retire a specified portion of debt each year. Any principal due at maturity is called the balloon maturity.

## Spread income

Also called margin income, the difference between income and cost. For a depository
institution, the difference between the assets it invests in (loans and securities) and the cost of its funds
(deposits and other sources).

## Stopping curve refunding rate

A refunding rate that falls on the stopping curve.

## Surplus funds

Cash flow available after payment of taxes in the project.

## Tax-deferred retirement plans

Employer-sponsored and other plans that allow contributions and earnings to
be made and accumulate tax-free until they are paid out as benefits.

## Taxable income

Gross income less a set of deductions.

## Term Fed Funds

Fed funds sold for a period of time longer than overnight.

## 12b-1 funds

Mutual funds that do not charge an upfront or back-end commission, but instead take out up to
1.25% of average daily fund assets each year to cover the costs of selling and marketing shares, an
arrangement allowed by the SEC's Rule 12b-I (passed in 1980).

## Two-fund separation theorem

The theoretical result that all investors will hold a combination of the riskfree
asset and the market portfolio.

## Underfunded pension plan

A pension plan that has a negative surplus (i.e., liabilities exceed assets).

## Underwriting income

For an insurance company, the difference between the premiums earned and the costs
of settling claims.

## Unfunded debt

Debt maturing within one year (short-term debt). See: funded debt.

## INCOME STATEMENT

An accounting statement that summarizes information about a company in the following format:
Net Sales
â€“ Cost of goods sold
--------------------
Gross profit
â€“ Operating expenses
--------------------
Earnings before income tax
â€“ income tax
--------------------
= Net income or (Net loss)
Formally called a â€śconsolidated earnings statement,â€ť it covers a period of time such as a quarter or a year.

## INCOME TAX

What the business paid to the IRS.

## NET INCOME

The profit a company makes after cost of goods sold, expenses, and taxes are subtracted from net sales.

## RATIO OF NET INCOME TO NET SALES

A ratio that shows how much net income (profit) a company made on each dollar of net sales. Hereâ€™s the formula:
(Net income) / (Net sales)

## RATIO OF NET SALES TO NET INCOME

A ratio that shows how much a company had to collect in net sales to make a dollar of profit. Figure it this way:
(Net sales) / (Net income)

## Residual income (RI)

The profit remaining after deducting from profit a notional cost of capital on the investment in a business or division of a business.

## Shareholdersâ€™ funds

The capital invested in a business by the shareholders, including retained profits.

## Dividend income

income that a company receives in the form of dividends on stock in other companies that it holds.

## Income Statement

One of the basic financial statements; it lists the revenue and expense accounts of the company.
The income Statement is prepared for a given period of time.

## Interest income

income that a company receives in the form of interest, usually as the result of keeping money in interest-bearing accounts at financial institutions and the lending of money to other companies.

## Net income

The last line of the income Statement; it represents the amount that the company earned during a specified period.

## earnings before interest and income tax (EBIT)

A measure of profit that
equals sales revenue for the period minus cost-of-goods-sold expense
and all operating expensesâ€”but before deducting interest and income
tax expenses. It is a measure of the operating profit of a business before
considering the cost of its debt capital and income tax.

## income statement

Financial statement that summarizes sales revenue
and expenses for a period and reports one or more profit lines for the
period. Itâ€™s one of the three primary financial statements of a business.
The bottom-line profit figure is labeled net income or net earnings by
most businesses. Externally reported income statements disclose less
information than do internal management profit reportsâ€”but both are
based on the same profit accounting principles and methods. Keep in
mind that profit is not known until accountants complete the recording
of sales revenue and expenses for the period (as well as determining any
extraordinary gains and losses that should be recorded in the period).
Profit measurement depends on the reliability of a businessâ€™s accounting
system and the choices of accounting methods by the business. Caution:
A business may engage in certain manipulations of its accounting methods,
and managers may intervene in the normal course of operations for
the purpose of improving the amount of profit recorded in the period,
which is called earnings management, income smoothing, cooking the
books, and other pejorative terms.

## net income (also called the bottom line, earnings, net earnings, and net

operating earnings)
This key figure equals sales revenue for a period
less all expenses for the period; also, any extraordinary gains and losses
for the period are included in this final profit figure. Everything is taken
into account to arrive at net income, which is popularly called the bottom
line. Net income is clearly the single most important number in business
financial reports.

## residual income

the profit earned by a responsibility center that exceeds an amount "charged" for funds committed to that center

## Society of Management Accountants of Canada

the professional body representing an influential and diverse
group of Certified Management Accountants; this body produces
numerous publications that address business management issues

## tax-deferred income

current compensation that is taxed at a future date

## tax-exempt income

current compensation that is never taxed

## Fixed-income security

A security that pays a specified cash flow over a
specific period. Bonds are typical fixed-income securities.

## Income

Net earnings after all expenses for an accounting period are subtracted from all
revenues recognized during that period.

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