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Definition of Refunding
The redemption of a bond with proceeds received from issuing lower-cost debt obligations
refunding of a high-coupon bond with a new, lower coupon bond.
refunding of a low coupon bond with a new, higher coupon bond.
The net present value of the savings from a refunding.
A refunding rate that falls on the stopping curve.
In a Treasury refunding, the amount by which the par value of the securities maturing exceeds that
Eligible for refunding under the terms of indenture.
A curve showing the refunding rates for different points in time at which the expected value
A bond on which interest accrues, but is not paid to the investor during the time of accrual.
Cash flow provided by operating
An offset to the accounts receivable balance, against which
A contra account related to accounts receivable that represents the amounts that the company expects will not be collected.
An estimate of the uncollectible portion of accounts receivable
A method of adjusting accounts receivable to the amount that is expected to be collected based on company experience.
bonds that are not registered on the books of the issuer. Such bonds are held in physical form by
A steep and rapid increase in price followed by a steep and rapid drop. This is an indicator seen
bonds are debt and are issued for a period of more than one year. The U.S. government, local
A long-term, interest-bearing promissory note that companies may use to borrow money for periods of time such as five, ten, or twenty years.
A long-term debt instrument in which the issuer (borrower) is
Security that obligates the issuer to make specified payments
A financial asset taking the form of a promise by a borrower to repay a specified amount (the bond's face value) on a maturity date and to make fixed periodic interest payments.
Usually a fixed interest security under which the issuer contracts to pay the lender a fixed principal amount at a stated date in the future, and a series of interest payments, either semi-annually or annually. Interest payments may vary through the life of bond.
A debt security issued by a government or company. You receive regular interest payments at specified rates while you hold the bond and you receive the face value when it matures. Short-term bonds mature in less than five years; medium-term bonds mature in six to ten years; and long-term bonds mature in eleven years or greater.
Fixed interest security issued by a corporation or government, having a specific maturity date.
A contract for privately placed debt.
A contractual provision in a bond indenture. A positive covenant requires certain actions, and
The method used for computing the bond-equivalent yield.
Bond equivalent yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method. Differs from annual
The annualized yield to maturity computed by doubling the semiannual yield.
Bond Equivalent Yield
bond yield calculated on an annual percentage rate method
The contract that sets forth the promises of a corporate bond issuer and the rights of
Designing a portfolio so that its performance will match the performance of some bond index.
A conventional unit of measure for bond prices set at $10 and equivalent to 1% of the $100 face
With respect to convertible bonds, the value the security would have if it were not convertible
A system that monitors and evaluates the performance of a fixed-income portfolio , as well as the
Amounts owed by the company that have been formalized by a legal document called a bond.
bonds issued by emerging countries under a debt reduction plan.
bond whose principal repayment is linked to the price of another security. The bonds are
Foreign bond issue made in London.
A bond that allows the issuer to buy back the bond at a
bond that may be repurchased by the issuer before maturity at specified call price.
Canada Savings Bonds
A bond issued each year by the federal government. These bonds can be cashed in at any time for their full face value.
Capital Consumption Allowance
Capital Cost Allowance (CCA)
The annual depreciation expense allowed by the Canadian Income Tax Act.
Purchase by foreigners of our assets (capital inflows) or our purchase of foreign assets (capital outflows).
In investments, it represents earnings before depreciation , amortization and non-cash charges.
An obvious but at the same time elusive term that refers to cash
the receipt or disbursement of cash; when related
Cash received and paid over time.
In investments, NET INCOME plus DEPRECIATION and other noncash charges. In this sense, it is synonymous with CASH EARNINGS. Investors focus on cash flow from operations because of their concern with a firm's ability to pay dividends.
Cash flow after interest and taxes
Net income plus depreciation.
Cash-flow break-even point
The point below which the firm will need either to obtain additional financing
Cash flow coverage ratio
The number of times that financial obligations (for interest, principal payments,
Cash Flow Forecast
An estimate of the timing and amount of a company's inflows and outflows of money measured over a specific period of time typically monthly for one to two years then annually for an additional one to three years.
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
Cash flow from operations
A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations
Cash flow matching
Also called dedicating a portfolio, this is an alternative to multiperiod immunization in
Cash flow per common share
Cash flow from operations minus preferred stock dividends, divided by the
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities
With some exceptions, the cash effects of transactions
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Financing Activities
Cash receipts and payments involving
Cash Flow Provided or Used from Investing Activities
Cash receipts and payments involving
A statement that shows where a company’s cash came from and where it went for a period of time, such as a year.
Cash Flow statement
A financial report that shows the movement in cash for a business during an accounting period.
Cash flow time-line
Line depicting the operating activities and cash flows for a firm over a particular period.
Cash Flow–to–Income Ratio (CFI)
Adjusted cash flow provided by continuing operations
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cash-flow statement that shows how much cash a company raised by selling stocks or bonds this year and how much was paid out for cash dividends and other finance-related obligations.
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
A section on the cashflow statement that shows how much cash came in and went out because of various investing activities like purchasing machinery.
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATIONS
A section on the cash-flow Stockholders’ equity statement that shows how much cash came into a company and how much went out during the normal course of business.
Income payments to factors of production are spent to buy output. The receipts from these sales are used to pay factors of production, creating a circular flow of income.
Collateral trust bonds
A bond in which the issuer (often a holding company) grants investors a lien on
Insurance that a construction contract will be successfully completed.
Conflict between bondholders and stockholders
These two groups may have interests in a corporation that
bond that the holder may exchange for a specified number of shares.
bonds that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder.
A eurobond that can be converted into another asset, often through exercise of
Debt obligations issued by corporations.
The periodic interest payment made to the bondholders during the life of the bond.
Detachable certificate attached to a bond that shows the amount of
The interest payments paid to the bondholder.
The annual interest payment associated with a bond.
Any bond with a coupon. Contrast with discount bond.
Coupon / Coupons
The periodic interest payment(s) made by the issuer of a bond
The dates when the coupons are paid. Typically a bond pays
Coupon equivalent yield
True interest cost expressed on the basis of a 365-day year.
A bond's interest payments.
In bonds, notes or other fixed income securities, the stated percentage rate of interest, usually
The rate of interest paid on a debt security. Generally stated on an
The nominal interest rate that the issuer promises to pay the
Annual interest payment as a percentage of face value.
A bond selling at or close to par, that is, a bond with a coupon close to the yields currently
Related: Benchmark issues
high-coupon bonds that sell at only at a moderate premium because they are callable at a
An unsecured bond whose holder has the claim of a general creditor on all assets of the
A bond issued with a very low coupon or no coupon and selling at a price far below par
Tax deductions that businesses can claim when they spend money on investment goods.
Debt sold for less than its principal value. If a discount bond pays no interest, it is called a
A bond with no coupons, priced below its face value; the return on this bond comes from the difference between its face value and its current price.
Discounted cash flow
A technique that determines the present value of future cash
Discounted Cash Flow
Techniques for establishing the relative worth of a future investment by discounting (at a required rate of return) the expected net cash flows from the project.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
Future cash flows multiplied by discount factors to obtain present values.
Discounted cash flow (DCF)
A method of investment appraisal that discounts future cash flows to present value using a discount rate, which is the risk-adjusted cost of capital.
discounted cash flow (DCF)
Refers to a capital investment analysis technique
Discretionary cash flow
Cash flow that is available after the funding of all positive NPV capital investment
Municipal revenue bonds for which quotes are given in dollar prices. Not to be confused with
Dollar price of a bond
Percentage of face value at which a bond is quoted.
Equivalent annual cash flow
Annuity with the same net present value as the company's proposed investment.
Equivalent bond yield
Annual yield on a short-term, non-interest bearing security calculated so as to be
A bond that is (1) underwritten by an international syndicate, (2) offered at issuance
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