|Profit and Loss account|
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Definition of Profit and Loss account
Profit and Loss account
A financial statement measuring the profit or loss of a business – income less expenses – for an accounting period.
To make a payment that might otherwise be an expense (in the profit and loss account) an asset
The profit and loss account, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow statement of a business.
An explanation or report in financial terms about the transactions of an organization.
The sum of all the interest options in your policy, including interest.
The process of satisfying stakeholders in the organization that managers have acted in the best interests of the stakeholders, a result of the stewardship function of managers, which takes place through accounting.
A collection of systems and processes used to record, report and interpret business transactions.
A broad, all-inclusive term that refers to the methods and procedures
Administrative proceedings or litigation releases that entail an accounting or auditing-related violation of the securities laws.
An alteration in the accounting methodology or estimates used in
Earnings of a firm as reported on its income statement.
A business for which a separate set of accounting records is being
The representation of the double-entry system of accounting such that assets are equal to liabilities plus capital.
The formula Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
An equation that reflects the two-sided nature of a
Unintentional mistakes in financial statements. accounted for by restating
The change in the value of a firm's foreign currency denominated accounts due to a
Total liabilities exceed total assets. A firm with a negative net worth is insolvent on
Intentional misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures in
The ease and quickness with which assets can be converted to cash.
The period of time for which financial statements are produced – see also financial year.
The principles, bases, conventions, rules and procedures adopted by management in preparing and presenting financial statements.
Accounting rate of return (ARR)
A method of investment appraisal that measures
accounting rate of return (ARR)
the rate of earnings obtained on the average capital investment over the life of a capital project; computed as average annual profits divided by average investment; not based on cash flow
A set of accounts that summarize the transactions of a business that have been recorded on source documents.
‘Buckets’ within the ledger, part of the accounting system. Each account contains similar transactions (line items) that are used for the production of financial statements. Or commonly used as an abbreviation for financial statements.
Money owed to suppliers.
Amounts a company owes to creditors.
Amounts owed by the company for goods and services that have been received, but have not yet been paid for. Usually accounts payable involves the receipt of an invoice from the company providing the services or goods.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing liabilities of a business
Acurrent liability on the balance sheet, representing short-term obligations
Amounts due to vendors for purchases on open account, that is, not evidenced
Accounts Payable Days (A/P Days)
The number of days it would take to pay the ending balance
Money owed by customers.
Amounts owed to a company by customers that it sold to on credit. Total accounts receivable are usually reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts.
Amounts owed to the company, generally for sales that it has made.
Short-term, non-interest-bearing debts owed to a
A current asset on the balance sheet, representing short-term
Amounts due from customers for sales on open account, not evidenced
Money owed to a business for merchandise or services sold on open account.
Accounts Receivable Days (A/R Days)
The number of days it would take to collect the ending
Accounts receivable turnover
The ratio of net credit sales to average accounts receivable, a measure of how
accounts receivable turnover ratio
A ratio computed by dividing annual
The recording of revenue when earned and expenses when
Well, frankly, accrual is not a good descriptive
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income when it is earned and expenses when they are incurred.
After-tax profit margin
The ratio of net income to net sales.
A forceful and intentional choice and application of accounting principles
Allowance for doubtful accounts
A contra account related to accounts receivable that represents the amounts that the company expects will not be collected.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
An estimate of the uncollectible portion of accounts receivable
Average accounting return
The average project earnings after taxes and depreciation divided by the average
Average age of accounts receivable
The weighted-average age of all of the firm's outstanding invoices.
Balance of Payments Accounts
A statement of a country's transactions with other countries.
Base probability of loss
The probability of not achieving a portfolio expected return.
Before-tax profit margin
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
The cumulative book income plus any gain or loss on disposition of the assets on termination of the SAT.
Net result of public and private international investment and lending activities.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from purchases or sales of assets.
The difference between the net cost of a security and the net sale price, if that security is sold at a loss.
The negative difference between the adjusted cost base of an investment held as a capital property and the proceeds of disposition you receive when you sell it. When you sell such an investment for less than you paid, you incur a capital loss.
A method of accounting in which profit is calculated as the difference between income
cash flow from operating activities, or cash flow from profit
This equals the cash inflow from sales during the period minus the cash
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
a professional designation in the area of management accounting that
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in accounting that occurs as the result of new information
Change in Accounting Estimate
A change in the implementation of an existing accounting
Change in Accounting Principle
A change from one generally accepted accounting principle to another generally accepted accounting principle—for example, a change from capitalizing expenditures
Chart of accounts
A listing of all accounts used in the general ledger, usually sorted in
A single centralized account into which funds collected at regional locations
Constant dollar accounting
A method for restating financial statements by reducing or
any reduction in units that occurs uniformly
An offset to an asset account that reduces the balance of the asset account.
An account that reduces an equity account. An example is Treasury stock.
Method of accounting for sales or service agreements where completion
An account maintained in the general ledger that holds the balance without the detail. The detail is maintained in a subsidiary ledger.
The profit made by a division after deducting only those expenses that can be controlled by the
a discipline that focuses on techniques or
Cost Accounting Standards Board (CASB)
a body established by Congress in 1970 to promulgate cost accounting
Cost–volume–profit analysis (CVP)
A method for understanding the relationship between revenue, cost and sales volume.
analysis a procedure that examines
Creative Accounting Practices
Any and all steps used to play the financial numbers game, including
Creative Acquisition Accounting
The allocation to expense of a greater portion of the price
A loan receivable that has proven uncollectible and is written off.
Cumulative Effect of a Change in Accounting Principle
The change in earnings of previous years
Cumulative Effect of Accounting Change
The change in earnings of previous years assuming
Cumulative Translation Adjustment (CTA) account
An entry in a translated balance sheet in which gains
Net flow of goods, services, and unilateral transactions (gifts) between countries.
That part of the balance of payments accounts that records demands for and supplies of a currency arising from activities that affect current income, namely imports, exports, investment income payments such as interest and dividends, and transfers such as gifts, pensions, and foreign aid.
Discounting of Accounts Receivable
Short-term financing in which accounts receivable are used as collateral to secure a loan. The lender does not buy the accounts receivable but simply uses them as collateral for the loan. Also called pledging of accounts receivable.
a reduction in units that occurs at a specific
accounts over which an individual or organization, other than the person in whose
See accrual-basis accounting.
Extraordinary Gain or Loss
Gains and losses that are judged to be both unusual and nonrecurring.
extraordinary gains and losses
No pun intended, but these types of gains
The production of financial statements, primarily for those interested parties who are external to the business.
a discipline in which historical, monetary
Flexible Spending Account
A form of cafeteria plan allowing employees to pay
Up-front gain recognized from the securitization and sale of a pool
Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (GAAP)
A technical accounting term that encompasses the
Generally accepted accounting principles
The rules that accountants follow when processing accounting transactions and creating financial reports. The rules are primarily
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)
This important term
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